Coming of Age in the Milky Way - Timothy Ferris (2003)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A man will turn over half a library to make one book.

—Samuel Johnson

The following lists many of the titles consulted in researching this book. In the interest of brevity only books are included, and not articles or technical papers.

Abbott, Edwin A. Flatland: A Romance in Many Dimensions. New York: Dover, 1952. Classic fictionalized exposition of dimensionality.

Abell, George, and P.J.E. Peebles, eds. Objects of High Redshift. Boston: Reidel, 1980. Proceedings of a 1979 symposium on remote galaxies and quasars. Abetti, Giorgio. The History of Astronomy, trans. Betty Burr Abetti. New York: Schuman, 1952.

Adamczewski, Jan. Nicolaus Copernicus and His Epoch. Philadelphia: Copernicus Society of America, 1978.

Adams, Frank Dawson. The Birth and Development of the Geological Sciences. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1938. Historical survey of geology from ancient times to about 1825.

Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. New York: The Modern Library, 1931.

Afnan, Soheil M. Avicenna: His Life and Work. London: Allen & Unwin, 1958.

Ager, D.V. Principles of Paleontology: An Introduction to the Study of How and Where Animals and Plants Lived in the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.

Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ’Abd al-Ghaffar, al-Kazwini al-Ghifari. Epitome of the

Ancient History of Persia, trans. W. Ouseley. London: Cadell, 1799. Contains statement of eternal geological cycles cited by the geologist Lyell.

Albritton, Claude C., Jr. The Abyss of Time: Changing Conceptions of the Earth’s Antiquity After the Sixteenth Century. San Francisco: Freeman, 1980. Nontechnical introduction to the question of geological time and evolution.

Alexander, H.G., ed. The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1970. Early debate on the nature of Newtonian space.

Alic, Margaret. Hypatia’s Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity to the Late Nineteenth Century. London: The Women’s Press, 1986.

Allen, C.W. Astrophysical Quantities. London: University of London Press, 1963.

Allen, J.M., ed. The Nature of Biological Diversity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.

Allen, Richard Hinckley. Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. New York: Dover, 1963.

Aller, Lawrence H., and Dean B. McLaughlin, eds. Stellar Structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965. Collection of technical papers of historical interest.

Alvarez, Luis W. Alvarez: Adventures of a Physicist. New York: Basic Books, 1987.

Autobiography of the versatile researcher in accelerator physics and nuclear fusion.

Amaldi, Ginestra. The Nature of Matter, trans. Peter Astbury. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa. Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964.

Anthony, W.D. Science and Its Background. New York: St. Martin’s, 1961.

Apollonius of Rhodes. The Voyage of Argo, trans. E.V. Rieu. London: Penguin, 1959. The legend of Jason and the Golden Fleece.

Appleman, Philip, ed. Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition. New York: Norton, 1979. Includes excerpts from Lyell, Hooker, Huxley, etc.

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica, trans. Daniel J. Sullivan and the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Archimedes. The Works of Archimedes Including the Method, trans. Thomas L. Heath. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Aristarchus of Samos. Distances of the Sun and Moon, trans. Ivor Thomas. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Aristotle. The Basic Works of Aristotle, ed. Richard McKeon. New York: Random House, 1968.

—————. The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Armitage, Angus. Copernicus, the Founder of Modern Astronomy. New York: Barnes, 1962.

—————. Sun, Stand Thou Still: The Life and Work of Copernicus. London: Sigma, 1947.

—————. Edmond Halley. London: Nelson, 1966.

—————. The World of Copernicus. New York: Mentor, 1951.

Asimov, Isaac. Understanding Physics, Vol. Ill, The Electron, Proton, and Neutron. New York: Mentor, 1966. Introduction by a master of science popularization.

Atkins, P.W. The Second Law. San Francisco: Freeman, 1984. Illustrated explication of the second law of thermodynamics.

Atkinson, Geoffrey. The Extraordinary Voyage in French Literature Before 1700. New York: Columbia University Press, 1920.

Atkinson, R.J.C. Stonehenge. London: Pelican, 1960.

Augustine of Hippo. City of God, trans. Henry Bettenson. London: Pelican, 1972.

—————. Confessions, trans. R.S. Pine-Coffin. London: Penguin, 1970.

Avicenna. Metaphysics, trans. Parviz Morewedge. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.

Ayer, A.J. Wittgenstein. New York: Random House, 1985.

Baade, Walter. Evolution of Stars and Galaxies. Cambridge: Mass.: MIT Press, 1975.

Bailey, Cyril. Epicurus: The Extant Remains. London: Oxford University Press, 1926.

—————. The Greek Atomists and Epicurus. London: Oxford University Press, 1928.

Bailey, James. The God-Kings and the Titans. New York: St. Martin’s, 1973. Makes a case for cultural diffusion via pre-Columbian contacts among Asia, Europe, and the New World.

Banville, John. Doctor Copernicus. London: Grenada, 1984. A novel, light on science but strong on personality,—————. Kepler: A Novel. Boston: Godine, 1984.

Barnes, C.A., D.D. Clayton, and D.N. Schramm, eds. Essays in Nuclear Astrophysics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Barnett, Lincoln. The Universe and Dr. Einstein. New York: Sloane, 1948. Venerable popularization of relativity theory.

Barrow, John D., and Frank Tipler. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. London: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Barut, Asim O., Alwyn van der Merwe, and Jean-Pierre Vigier, eds. Quantum, Space, and Time—The Quest Continues. London: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Essays in honor of de Broglie, Dirac, and Wigner.

Baumgardt, Carola. Johannes Kepler, Life and letters. New York: Philosophical Library, 1951.

Beaglehole, J.C. The Exploration of the Pacific. London: Black, 1966.

Beazley, Charles Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator. New York: Putnam’s, 1904.

Beer, Arthur, and K.A. Strand, eds. Copernicus: Yesterday and Today. New York: Pergamon, 1975, Beiser, Arthur. Concepts of Modem Physics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981. College-level textbook.

Bell, A.E. Christiaan Huygens and the Development of Science in the Seventeenth Century. London: Arnold, 1947. Emphasizes Huygens’s contributions to a scientific world in which Newtonian and Cartesian mechanics still contended.

Bell, Christopher. Portugal and the Quest for the Indies. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.

Bell, E.T. Men of Mathematics. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1937. Biographical sketches of mathematicians from Pythagoras to Cantor.

Benacerraf, Paul, and Hilary Putnam, eds. Philosophy of Mathematics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Berendzen, Richard, ed. Life Beyond Earth and the Mind of Man. Washington, D.C.: NASA, 1973. Based on a 1972 SETI symposium held at Boston University.

—————, Richard Hart, and Daniel Seeley. Man Discovers the Galaxies. New York: Science History Publications, 1976.

Berger, A., ed. The Big Bang and Georges Lemaître. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985. Papers presented at a symposium at Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 1983, honoring the originator of the big bang theory.

Bergmann, Peter G. The Riddle of Gravitation. New York: Scribner’s, 1968. Semi-technical explication of general relativity.

Berkeley, George. The Principles of Human Knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Berkhuijsen, Elly M., and Richard Wielebinski, eds. Structure and Properties of Nearby Galaxies. Boston: Reidel, 1978. Proceedings of a 1977 astronomical symposium.

Bernal, J.D. The Origin of Life. London: Weidenfeld, 1967.

—————. Science in History. London: Watts, 1954.

Bernstein, Jeremy. Einstein. New York: Viking, 1973. Mines ground left largely untouched by other biographies.

—————. Hans Bethe: Prophet of Energy. New York: Basic Books, 1980. Anecdotal profile of the pathfinding physicist.

—————, and Gerald Feinberg, eds. Cosmological Constants. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Berry, Michael. Principles of Cosmology and Gravitation. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Berry, W.B.N. Growth of a Prehistoric Time Scale. San Francisco: Freeman, 1968.

Brief introduction to the development of stratigraphy and the emergence of a geochronological system.

Bertocci, P.A. The Empirical Argument for God in Late British Thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938.

Bertotti, B., F. de Felice, and A. Pascolini. General Relativity and Gravitation. Boston: Reidel, 1984. Papers presented at a 1983 conference.

Beyerchen, Alan D. Scientists Under Hitler. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1977. Includes accounts of Max Planck’s exemplary career and tragic life.

Bienkowska, Barbara, ed. The Scientific World of Copernicus. Boston: Reidel, 1973.

Billingham, John, ed. Life in the Universe. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1981.

Blaauw, Adriaan, and Maarten Schmidt, eds. Galactic Structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Blacker, Carmen, and Michael Loewe, eds. Ancient Cosmologies. London: Allen & Unwin, 1975.

Blackmore, John T. Ernst Mach. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Blake, George. British Ships and Shipbuilders. London: Collins, 1946. Illustrated.

Blum, Harold F. Time’s Arrow and Evolution. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1968. Study of evolution and thermodynamics.

Boas, Franz. The Mind of Primitive Man. New York: Macmillan, 1938.

Bochner, Salomon. The Role of Mathematics in the Rise of Science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Boethius, Ancius. The Consolation of Philosophy, trans. V.E. Watts. New York: Penguin Books, 1976.

Bohm, David. Causality and Chance in Modern Physics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1957.

—————. The Special Theory of Relativity. Reading, Mass.: Benjamin/Cummings, 1965. Some mathematics.

—————. Wholeness and the Implicate Order. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.

Bohr, Niels. Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. New York: Wiley, 1960.

—————. The Theory of Spectra and Atomic Constitution. London: Cambridge University Press, 1924.

Bok, Bart J., and Priscilla Bok. The Milky Way. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Boltzmann, Ludwig. Theoretical Physics and Philosophical Problems, ed. Brian McGuinness. Boston: Reidel, 1974.

Bondi, Hermann. Assumption and Myth in Physical Theory. London: Cambridge University Press, 1967.

—————. Relativity and Common Sense. New York: Dover, 1964. Innovative popularization.

Bonola, Roberto. Non-Euclidean Geometry. New York: Dover, 1955. On the origins of the geometries employed by Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Boodin, John. Cosmic Evolution. New York: Macmillan, 1925. Expansive extrapolation of the evolutionary hypothesis, influential in its day.

Boorse, Henry A., and Lloyd Motz, eds. The World of the Atom. New York: Basic Books, 1966. Anthology of nontechnical papers and essays.

Boorstin, Daniel. The Discoverers. New York: Random House, 1983. Anecdotal history of the ages of exploration.

Born, Max. The Born-Einstein letters. New York: Walker, 1971. Documents a decades-long debate over the philosophy of quantum physics, conducted in high spirits and with great mutual respect.

—————. Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. New York: Dover, 1965,

—————. My Life. New York: Scribner’s, 1978.

—————. The Restless Universe, trans. Winifred M. Deans. New York: Dover, 1951. Illustrated introduction to quantum physics and field theory.

Bowker, J. The Sense of God. London: Oxford University Press, 1973,

Boxer, Charles R., The Portuguese Seaborne Empire: 1415–1825. New York: Knopf, 1969.

Bracewell, Ronald N. The Galactic Club. San Francisco: Freeman, 1975. Discusses interstellar probes.

Bradshaw, M.J. A New Geology. London: English Universities, 1968.

Braithwaite, R.B. Scientific Explanation. New York: Harper, 1960.

Brandon, S.G.F. Time and Mankind: An Historical and Philosophical Study of Mankind’s Attitude to the Phenomena of Change. London: Hutchinson, 1951.

Brecher, Kenneth, and Michael Fiertag, eds. Astronomy of the Ancients. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1980.

Brecht, Bertolt. Galileo, English version trans, by Charles Laughton. New York: Grove Press, 1966.

Bridgman, Percy. The Logic of Modern Physics. New York: Macmillan, 1961.

Brittan, Gordon. Kant’s Theory of Science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Broad, C.D. Leibniz: An Introduction. London: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

—————. Scientific Thought. Paterson, N.J.: Littlefield, 1959.

Brodetsky, S. Sir Isaac Newton. London: Methuen, 1927.

Bronowski, Jacob. The Ascent of Man. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

—————. The Common Sense of Science. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.

—————. The Identity of Man. Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press, 1966.

—————. Magic, Science, and Civilization. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

—————. The Origins of Knowledge and Imagination. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1978.

—————. Science and Human Values. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

—————. A Sense of the Future. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1977.

—————. The Visionary Eye. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978.

Brooks, Daniel R., and E.O. Wiley. Evolution as Entropy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Study of the relationship between biological evolution and the second law of thermodynamics.

Brown, Laurie M., and Lillian Hoddeson, eds. The Birth of Particle Physics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Based on a 1980 Fermilab symposium.

Brown, Lloyd. The Story of Maps. New York: Crown, 1979. Survey history of mapmaking.

Bruno, Giordano. The Ash Wednesday Supper, ed. and trans. Edward Gosselin and Lawrence Lerner. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1977.

—————. The Ash Wednesday Supper, ed. and trans. Stanley Jaki. Paris: Mouton, 1975.

Buchwald, Jed. From Maxwell to Microphysics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Semitechnical examination of British and continental approaches to electromagnetism in the late nineteenth century.

Bucke, Richard. Cosmic Consciousness. New York: Dutton, 1969.

Buckley, Paul, and F. David Peat. A Question of Physics. Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1979.

Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de. Selections from Natural History, General and Particular. New York: Arno Press, 1977.

Bunbury, E.H. A History of Ancient Geography. 2 vols. New York: Dover, 1959.

Bunge, Mario. Causality and Modern Science. New York: Dover, 1979.

Burchfield, J.D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth. New York: Science History Publications, 1975. Study of Kelvin’s geochronological ideas and their influence.

Burckhardt, Jacob. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1944.

Burger, Dionys. Sphereland: A Fantasy About Curved Spaces and an Expanding Universe. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1983. Expands upon Edwin Abbott’s Flatland.

Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Burnet, Thomas. Sacred Theory of the Earth. London: Centaur Press, 1965. Reprint of 1691 edition.

Burnham, Robert, Jr. Burnham’s Celestial Handbook. New York: Dover, 1978. Compendium of astronomical information and mythological lore on the major stars and nebulae.

Burtt, E. A. The Metaphysical Foundations of Modem Science. New York: Doubleday, 1932.

Bury, John Bagnell. The Idea of Progress. New York: Dover, 1960.

Butterfield, Herbert. The Origins of Modern Science, 1300–1800. New York: Macmillan, 1951. Overview of concepts implicated in the rise of the scientific world view.

Buttmann, Gunther. The Shadow of the Telescope, trans. B.E.J. Pagel. New York: Scribner’s, 1970. Biography of John Herschel.

Bynum, W.F., E.J. Brown, and Roy Porter, eds. Dictionary of the History of Science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Calder, Nigel. The Comet Is Coming! New York: Viking, 1980.

—————. Einstein’s Universe. New York: Penguin, 1980.

—————. Timescale: An Atlas of the Fourth Dimension. New York: Viking, 1983.

—————. Violent Universe. New York: Viking, 1969. Popular survey of high-energy astrophysics.

Cameron, A.G.W. Interstellar Communication: The Search for Extraterrestrial Life. New York: Benjamin, 1963.

Campanella, Tommaso. The Defense of Galileo of Thomas Campanella, ed. and trans. Grant McColley. Merrick, N.Y.: Richwood, 1976. Bold statement of the case for Copernicus and Galileo, written by a Dominican friar in 1616 while imprisoned in a Neapolitan dungeon.

Campbell, Bernard. Human Evolution: An Introduction to Man’s Adaptations. Chicago: Aldine, 1966.

Campbell, Lewis, and William Garnett. The Life of James Clerk Maxwell. London: Macmillan, 1882. Dated but still instructive biography of Maxwell, originally published within three years of his death.

Capek, Milic, ed. The Concepts of Space and Time. Boston: Reidel, 1976. Anthology of historical writings.

—————. The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics. New York: Van Nostrand, 1961.

—————. Philosophy of Space and Time. New York: Dover, 1958.

Carnap, Rudolf. Foundations of Logic and Mathematics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939.

Carrigan, Richard A., Jr., and W. Peter Trower, eds. Particle Physics in the Cosmos. New York: Freeman, 1989.

Carus, Paul. The Religion of Science. Chicago: Open Court, 1913.

Caspar, Max. Kepler, trans. C. Doris Hellman. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1959.

Cassirer, Ernst. Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. New York: Dover, 1953.

—————. The Individual and the Cosmos in Renaissance Philosophy, trans. Mario Domandi. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

—————. Kant’s Life and Thought, trans. James Haden. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1981.

Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan. Eddington, the Most Distinguished Astrophysicist of His Time. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Memoir of Eddington by his eminent pupil.

—————. An Introduction to the Study of Stellar Structure. New York: Dover, 1967.

Chappie, J.A.V. Science and Literature in the Nineteenth Century. London: Macmillan, 1986.

Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de. Man’s Place in Nature. New York: Harper, 1956, 1966.

—————. The Phenomenon of Man. New York: Harper, 1959.

Cheng, David C., and Gerard K. O’Neill. Elementary Particle Physics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1979. Graduate-level textbook.

Child, J.M. The Geometrical Lectures of Isaac Barrow. Chicago: Open Court, 1916.

Choquet-Bruhat, Y., and T.M. Karade. On Relativity Theory. Singapore: World Scientific, 1984. Proceedings of an Arthur Eddington centenary symposium.

Christianson, Gale E. In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton and His Times. New York: Free Press, 1984.

Cicero. De Fato, trans. H. Rackham. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982. Timeless critique of philosophical issues in cosmology.

—————. The Nature of the Gods, trans. H.C.P. McGregory. London: Penguin, 1984. Translation of De Natura Deorum.

Clagett, Marshall, ed. Critical Problems in the History of Science. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.

—————. The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1959. Pre-Galilean dynamics.

Clark, David H., and F. Richard Stephenson. The Historical Supernovae. New York: Pergamon, 1977. Survey of scientific study and historical records of supernovae visible from Earth with the naked eye.

Clark, Grahame. World Prehistory: An Outline. London: Cambridge University Press, 1961.

Clark, Ronald W. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York: World, 1971. Nontechnical biography with minimal stress on Einstein’s scientific research.

—————. The Survival of Charles Darwin: Biography of a Man and an Idea. New York: Random House, 1984. Popular biography with an emphasis on the fortunes of Darwinism following its founder’s death.

Clark, Stuart. Towards the Edge of the Universe: A Review of Modern Cosmology. New York: Springer, 1999.

Clark, Thomas Henry, and C. W. Steam. Geological Evolution of North America. New York: Ronald, 1968.

Clayton, Donald C. Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983. Graduate-level textbook.

Clerke, Agnes M. A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1902.

Cloud, Preston. Cosmos, Earth and Man. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1978.

Cohen, I. Bernard. Album of Science: From Leonardo to Lavoisier. New York: Scribner’s, 1980. Pictorial history of science.

—————. The Birth of a New Physics. New York: Norton, 1985.

—————. The Newtonian Revolution. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

—————. Revolution in Science. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.

—————. Roemer and the First Determination of the Velocity of Light. New York: The Burndy Library, 1944.

—————, ed. Introduction to Newton’s “Principia.” Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971.

—————, ed. Isaac Newton’s Papers and Letters on Natural Philosophy. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1958.

Cohen, Morris, and Ernest Nagel. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1934. Textbook.

—————, and I.E. Drabkin. A Source Book in Greek Science. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1948.

Cohen, Robert S., and Raymond J. Seeger, eds. Ernst Mach, Physicist and Philosopher. Boston: Reidel, 1970. Collection of papers on Mach and his thought.

Cole, K.C. The Hole in the Universe: How Scientists Peered over the Edge of Emptiness and Found Everything. New York: Harcourt, 2001.

Coles, Peter. Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pocket guide to cosmology.

Collingwood, R.G. The Idea of Nature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1960.

Columbus, Christopher. Select letters of Christopher Columbus, ed. R.H. Major. London: Hakluyt Society, 1870.

Columbus, Ferdinand. The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus, trans. Benjamin Keen. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1979.

Conant, J.B. On Understanding Science. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1947.

Conway, J.H. On Numbers and Games. New York: Academic Press, 1976. Discusses how nonbeing implies being.

Cook, James. The Journals of Capt. James Cook, ed. J.C. Beaglehole. 4 vols. London: 1955.

Cook, Theodore Andrea. The Curves of Life. New York: Dover, 1979. Includes illustrations of natural spirals generated by invariances.

Cooper, Henry S.F., Jr. The Search for Life on Mars. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1980. Report on the Viking mission to Mars.

Cooper, Lane. Aristotle, Galileo, and the Tower of Pisa. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1935. Study of the opposition between Galileo and the Scholastics on the falling bodies question.

Copernicus, Nicolaus. Complete Works, trans, and commentator, Edward Rosen, ed. Vol. 3 Pawel Czartoryski. 3 vols. London: Macmillan, 1985.

—————. On the Revolutions, ed. Jerzy Dobrzycki and trans. Edward Rosen. Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, 1978; Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978. Large format, with a commentary by Rosen.

—————. On the Revolutions, ed. and trans. A.M. Duncan. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1976.

—————.On the Revolutions, trans. Charles Glenn Wallis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

—————. Three Copernican Treatises: The Commentariolus of Copernicus, the Letter Against Werner, the Narratio Prima of Rheticus, ed. and trans. Edward Rosen. New York: Dover, 1959. Shorter works of Copernicus not previously translated into English.

Cornell, James. The First Stargazers. New York: Scribner’s, 1981.

Cornford, F.M. Plato’s Cosmology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1977. Translation of the Timaeus, with running commentary.

Cornwall, I.W. The World of Ancient Man. New York: New American Library, 1965.

Craig, W.L. The Cosmological Argument from Plato to Liebniz. New York: Macmillan, 1980.

Crease, Robert, and Charles Mann. The Second Creation. New York: Macmillan, 1986. Nontechnical history of twentieth-century unified field theory, based upon extensive interviews and a survey of the scientific literature.

Crombie, A.C. Augustine to Galileo: The History of Science A.D. 400–1650. London: Falcon, 1952.

Crosland, M.P., ed. The Science of Matter. Harmondsworth, Eng.: Penguin, 1971.

Crowe, Michael J. The Extraterrestrial Life Debate 1750–1900. London: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Cyrano de Bergerac, Savinien de. The Comical History of the States and Empires of the Worlds of the Moon and Sun. London: Rhodes, 1687.

D’Abro, A. The Evolution of Scientific Thought from Newton to Einstein. New York: Dover, 1950.

—————. The Rise of the New Physics. 2 vols. New York: Dover, 1931.

D’Alembert, Jean. Preliminary Discourse to the Encyclopedia of Diderot, trans. Richard N. Schwab. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1981.

Dampier, William Cecil. A History of Science and Its Relations with Philosophy and Religion. London: Cambridge University Press, 1949.

—————. Readings in the Literature of Science. New York: Harper, 1959.

Danto, Arthur, and Sidney Morgenbesser, eds. Philosophy of Science. New York: World, 1960.

Dantzig, Tobias. Number: The language of Science. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

Darlington, C.D. The Evolution of Man and Society. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1969.

Darwin, Charles. The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin, ed. Paul H. Barrett. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

—————. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, ed. Frederick Burkhardt and Sydney Smith. New York: Dover, 1955.

—————. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, 6th ed. New York: Modern Library, 1936. Reprint of 1872 edition.

—————. The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication. London: Murray, 1868. Expands upon the first chapters of the Origin of Species.

—————. The Voyage of the Beagle, ed. Leonard Engel. New York: Doubleday, 1962. Reprint of the 1860 edition.

Darwin, Erasmus. Zoonomia: Or the Laws of Organic Life, 4th American ed. Philadelphia: 1818. Darwin’s grandfather’s evolutionary theory.

Darwin, Francis, ed. Charles Darwin’s Autobiography. New York: Schuman, 1950. Like Einstein’s, more an outline than an autobiography, written late in life.

—————, ed. The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray, 1888; New York: Basic Books, 1959.

Darwin, George. Scientific Papers. 5 vols. London: Cambridge University Press, 1907–1916.

Davies, P.C.W. The Forces of Nature. London: Cambridge University Press, 1980. Semitechnical.

—————. The Physics of Time Asymmetry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. Technical investigation of the unidirectional motion of time from the perspective of physics.

—————. Space and Time in the Modern Universe. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977. Semitechnical account of relativity and cosmology.

Davies, Paul. God and the New Physics. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983.

—————. Superforce. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984. Popular account of grand unified theory.

Davis, Nuel Pharr. Lawrence and Oppenheimer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968. Report on two of the most influential figures in the development of American atomic policy.

Davis, Philip J., and Reuben Hersh. The Mathematical Experience. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1981. Popular exposition of mathematical concepts and methods.

DeBeer, Gavin. Charles Darwin, Evolution by Natural Selection. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964. Succinct account of Darwin’s life, de Broglie, Louis. New Perspectives in Physics. New York: Basic Books, 1962.

—————, Louis-Armand, Pierre-Henri Simon, et al. Einstein. New York: Peebles Press, 1979. Centenary observations.

Debus, Allen G. Man and Nature in the Renaissance. London: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

De Madariaga, Salvador. Christopher Columbus. London: Hollis & Carter, 1949.

Descartes, Rene. Geometry, trans. David Eugene Smith and Marcia L. Latham. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

—————. Philosophical Works, trans. Elizabeth S. Haldane and G.R.T. Ross. London: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

—————. Philosophical Writings, ed. and trans. Elizabeth Anscombe and Peter Thomas Geach. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971, 1981.

—————. Principles of Philosophy, trans. Valentine Rodger Miller and Reese P. Miller. Boston: Reidel, 1983.

DeSober, Elliott. The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985.

D’Espagnat, Bernard. Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Reading, Mass.: Benjamin, 1976.

DeWitt, CM., and John Archibald Wheeler, eds. Battelle Seattle Summer Rencontres in Mathematics and Physics, 1967. New York: Benjamin, 1968.

Diaz, Bernal. The Conquest of New Spain, trans. J.M. Cohen. London: Penguin, 1975.

Dick, Steven J. Plurality of Worlds: The Origins of the Extraterrestrial Life Debate from Democritus to Kant. London: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Dicks, D.R. Early Greek Astronomy to Aristotle. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1970.

Dickson, F.P. The Bowl of Night. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1968. Accessible review of enduring cosmological questions.

Dijksterhuis, E.J. The Mechanization of the World Picture. London: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Dingle, Herbert. Through Science to Philosophy. London: Oxford University Press, 1937.

Diogenes Laertius. Lives of the Philosophers, ed. and trans. A. Robert Caponigri. Chicago: Regnery, 1969.

—————. Lives of the Philosophers, trans. R.D. Hicks. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice. The Development of Quantum Theory. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1971. Succinct summary, based on remarks delivered on accepting the J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Prize.

—————. The Principles of Quantum Mechanics. London: Oxford University Press, 1981. Textbook that educated a generation of physicists.

Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter. The Foundations of Newton’s Alchemy. London: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Dobrzycki, Jerzy, ed. The Reception of Copernicus’s Heliocentric Theory. Boston: Kluwer, 1973.

Dobzhansky, Theodosius, et al. Evolution. San Francisco: Freeman, 1977. Standard textbook.

Dodd, J.E. The Ideas of Particle Physics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Introduction intended for scientists in other fields.

Dodds, E.R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1951.

Doig, Peter. A Concise History of Astronomy. New York: Philosophical Library, 1951.

Drachman, J.M. Studies in the Literature of Natural Science. New York: Macmillan, 1930. Includes discussion of Lyell and Darwin.

Drake, Frank. Intelligent Life in Space. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

Drake, Stillman. Galileo. New York: Hill & Wang, 1980.

—————. Galileo at Work: His Scientific Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

—————, ed. and trans. Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1957. Includes Galileo’s The Starry Messenger, Letters on Sunspots, and The Assayer.

Draper, John William. History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science. New York: Appleton, 1879. Inquiries into the historical background of the decline of religious faith and the rise of science in the late nineteenth century.

Dryer, J.L.E. A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler. New York: Dover, 1953. Intellectual history of early astronomy.

—————. Tycho Brahe. Edinburgh: 1890; New York: Dover, 1963. Standard biography.

Drude, Paul. The Theory of Optics. New York: Dover, 1959. Book that influenced the young Einstein.

Duff, M.J., and C.J. Isham. The Quantum Structure of Space and Time. London: Cambridge University Press, 1982. Proceedings of a workshop held at Imperial College, London, in 1981.

Duhem, Pierre. To Save the Phenomena, trans. Edmund Doland and Chaninah Maschler. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Dukas, Helen, and Banesh Hoffmann, eds. Albert Einstein: The Human Side. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979. Unique collection of Einstein memorabilia. Includes the German originals as well as their translations.

Duns Scotus. Philosophical Writings, trans. Allan Wolter. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1974.

Durham, Frank, and Robert D. Purrington. Frame of the Universe. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983. Brief history of cosmology.

Dyson, Freeman. Perspectives in Modern Physics. New York: Interscience, 1966.

Dyson, J.E., and D.A. Williams. The Physics of the Interstellar Medium. New York: Wiley, 1980.

Eddington, Alfred Stanley. The Nature of the Physical World. New York: Macmillan, 1929.

—————. The Philosophy of Physical Science. New York: Macmillan, 1939.

Eicher, Don L. Geologic Time. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969. Chronicles the establishment of modern geochronology.

Eigen, Manfred, and Ruthild Winkler. Laws of the Game: How the Principles of Nature Govern Chance. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Einstein, Albert. Essays in Humanism. New York: Philosophical Library, 1983.

—————. Ideas and Opinions, trans. Sonja Bargmann. New York: Dell, 1979.

—————: The Meaning of Relativity. Princeton, N.J.: University Press, 1923.

—————. Out of My Later Years. Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel, 1979.

—————. The Principle of Relativity, trans. W. Perrett and G.B. Jeffrey. New York: Dover, 1952. Useful but marred by errors in translation.

—————. Relativity: The Special and General Theory, trans. Robert W. Lawson. New York: Crown, 1961.

—————. Sidelights on Relativity. London: Methuen, 1922. Includes discussion of aether theory.

—————. The World As I See It, trans. A. Harris. New York: Philosophical Library, 1935.

—————, and Leopold Infeld. The Evolution of Physics. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1938.

Eiseley, Loren. Darwin’s Century. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1958. Study of Darwin’s intellectual and scientific milieu.

—————. The Firmament of Time. New York: Atheneum, 1970. Based on lectures given at the University of Cincinnati in 1959.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. London: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Eliade, Mircea. The Myth of the Eternal Return, trans. Willard Trask. New York: Harper, 1959. Treatise on the doctrine of cyclical time.

Elkana, Yehuda. The Discovery of the Conservation of Energy. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Elliott, James P., and P.G. Dawber. Symmetry in Physics. London: Macmillan, 1979.

Examination of symmetry in classical and quantum physics, with an emphasis on group theory.

Emmerson, John McLaren. Symmetry Principles in Particle Physics. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Epictetus. Discourses, trans. George Long. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

—————. Discourses, trans. W.A. Oldfather. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Epstein, Lewis Carroll. Relativity Visualized. San Francisco: Insight, 1985. Amply illustrated, right-forebrain explication of the special and general theories.

Eratosthenes. Measurement of the Earth, trans. Ivor Thomas. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Euclid. The Elements, trans. Isaac Barrow. London: Redmayne, 1705.

—————. The Elements, ed. and trans. Thomas L. Heath. 3 vols. New York: Dover, 1956.

Eve, A.S. Rutherford. London: Cambridge University Press, 1939.

Fakhry, Ahmed. The Pyramids. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Farrar, Glennys, and Frank Henyey, eds. Problems in Unification and Supergravity. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1984.

Feigl, Herbert, and May Brodbeck, eds. Readings in the Philosophy of Science. New York: Appleton, 1953.

Feinberg, Gerald. What Is the World Made Of? New York: Anchor, 1978. Popular account of nuclear physics.

—————, and Robert Shapiro. Life Beyond Earth: An Intelligent Earthling’s Guide to Life in the Universe. New York: Morrow, 1980.

Ferguson, James. Astronomy Explained upon Sir Isaac Newton’s Principles, 2nd ed. London: self-published, 1757. Popularization that helped kindle William Herschel’s passion for astronomy.

Ferguson, Wallace, et al. The Renaissance: Six Essays. New York: Harper, 1953.

Ferm, Vergilius. History of Philosophical Systems. Paterson, N.J.: Littlefield, Adams, 1965.

Fermi, Enrico. Collected Papers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Fermi, Laura, and Gilberto Bernardini. Galileo and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1961.

Fernie, Donald. The Whisper and the Vision: The Voyages of the Astronomers. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin & Co., 1976. Account of transit expeditions undertaken to measure the dimensions of the solar system.

Ferris, Timothy. Galaxies. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1980.

—————. The Mind’s Sky: Human Intelligence in a Cosmic Context. New York: Bantam Books, 1992. Reflections on the place of life and intelligence in an evolving cosmos.

—————. The Red Limit: The Search for the Edge of the Universe. New York: Morrow, 1977, 1983.

—————. The Whole Shebang: A State-of-the-Universe(s) Report. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. Report on inflationary cosmology prior to the discovery of dark energy.

Feuer, Lewis S. Einstein and the Generations of Science. New York: Basic Books, 1974. Impressionistic study of Einstein’s social milieu.

Feynman, Richard P. QED. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Unversity Press, 1985. Nontechnical introduction to quantum electrodynamics, by an author of the theory.

—————. The Character of Physical Low. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965. Feynman lectures on philosophy of science.

—————, Robert B. Leighton, and Matthew Sands. The Feynman Letures of Physics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1963. Classic introduction for scientifically inclined undergraduates, by one of the architects of contemporary quantum physics.

Finney, Ben R., and Eric M. Jones, ed. Interstellar Migration and the Human Experience. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Fiske, John. Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy, Based on the Doctrine of Evolution. 4 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1874. Concerns the philosophy of Herbert Spencer.

Flew, A. God and Philosophy. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1966.

Flurry, Robert L. Quantum Chemistry: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1983.

Folse, Henry J. The Philosophy of Niels Bohr. New York: North-Holland, 1985. Scholarly though nontechnical discussion of Bohr’s philosophy of complementarity.

Folsome, Clair Edwin. The Origin of Life. San Francisco: Freeman, 1979. Popular account of the origin of the solar system and of life on Earth.

Fontenelle, Bernard de. A Plurality of Worlds, trans. John Glanville. London: Nonesuch Press, 1929.

Fosdick, Harry Emerson, ed. Great Voices of the Reformation. New York: Random House, 1952.

Foster, J., and J.D. Nightingale. A Short Course in General Relativity. London: Longman, 1979.

Foucault, Michel. This Is Not a Pipe, ed. and trans. James Harkness. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982. Study of symbolism and logic in the work of Rene Magritte.

Fox, Sidney, and Klaus Dose. Molecular Evolution and the Origin of Life. San Francisco: Freeman, 1972.

Frank, Philipp. Einstein: His Life and Times. New York: Knopf, 1970. Biography by its subject’s friend and colleague. American edition unaccountably abridged.

—————. Foundations of the Unity of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946.

Frankel, Charles. The Faith of Reason: The Idea of Progress in the French Enlightenment. New York: Octagon, 1948.

Franz, Marie-Louise von. Creation Myths. Dallas: Spring, 1972.

Fraser, J.T. The Voices of Time. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1981. Collection of scientific and humanistic essays.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Macmillan, 1940.

Freeman, Kathleen. The Presocratic Philosophers. Oxford, Eng.: Blackwell, 1949.

Freeman, R.B. Charles Darwin: A Companion. Kent, Eng.: Dawson, 1978. Index of Darwinia.

French, A.P. Newtonian Mechanics. New York: Norton, 1971.

—————. Special Relativity. New York: Norton, 1968.

—————, and Edwin F. Taylor. An Introduction to Quantum Physics. New York: Norton, 1978.

—————, ed., Einstein: A Centenary Volume. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

—————, and P.J. Kennedy, eds. Niels Bohr: A Centenary Volume. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1928.

—————. The Future of an Illusion, trans. James Strachey. New York: Norton, 1961.

Freund, Philip. Myths of Creation. London: Allen & Unwin, 1964.

Friedman, Michael. Foundations of Space- Time Theories: Relativistic Physics and Philosophy of Science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Fritzsch, Harald. The Creation of Matter. New York: Basic Books, 1984. Origin of matter in the early universe.

Funkenstein, Amos. Theology and the Scientific Imagination from the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986. Suggests a commonality between theological and scientific thinking by the seventeenth century.

Gale, Richard M., ed. The Philosophy of Time. Sussex, Eng.: Harvester, 1968. Anthology of historical writings.

Galileo. Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, trans. Stillman Drake. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

—————. Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences, trans. Henry Crew and Alfonso de Salvio. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

—————. The Sidereal Messenger, trans. Edward Stafford Carlos. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1959.

—————. The Starry Messenger, 1610, in Drake, Stillman, ed. and trans., Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1957.

Gamow, George. Biography of Physics: New York: Harper, 1961. Lighthearted history of physics.

—————. The Creation of the Universe. New York: Mentor, 1951. Popular account of the big bang theory.

—————. Thirty Years That Shook Physics. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1966.

Gardner, Martin. The Ambidextrous Universe. New York: Mentor, 1969. Account of the discovery of parity violation in the weak interaction.

Garnet, Jacques. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion 1250–1276. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1970. Describes Marco Polo’s sixteen years in Hangchow.

Garnett, Christopher B. The Kantian Philosophy of Space. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat, 1965.

Gell-Mann, Murray, and Yuval Ne’eman. The Eightfold Way. New York: Benjamin, 1964. Application of symmetry precepts to the study of the strong interaction.

George, Wilma. Biologist Philosopher: A Study of the Life and Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1964.

Geroch, Robert. General Relativity from A to B. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978. Nonmathematical introduction.

Geymonat, Ludovico. Galileo Galilei: A Biography and Inquiry into His Philosophy of Science, trans. Stillman Drake. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965.

Ghani, Abdul. Abdus Salam. Karachi: Ma’aref, 1982.

Ghyka, Matila. The Geometry of Art and Life. New York: Dover, 1977.

Gibbon, Edward. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. 3 vols. New York: Modern Library, n.d.

Gibbons, G.W., S.W. Hawking, and S.T.C. Siklos. The Very Early Universe. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Papers presented at a 1982 Cambridge conference.

Gillispie, Charles Coulston. Genesis and Geology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951.

—————. The Edge of Objectivity. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1960. Essays on the historical structure of classical science.

Gingerich, Owen, ed. The Nature of Scientific Discovery: Symposium Commemorating the

500th Anniversary of the Birth of Nicolaus Copernicus. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press; New York: Braziller, 1975. Robust text, useful illustrations.

Gjertsen, Derek. The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986. Compendium of biographical information about Newton and his work.

Glass, Bentley, and Owsei Temkin, eds. Forerunners of Darwin 1745–1859. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1959.

Gödel, Kurt. Collected Works, ed. Solomon Feferman. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Goldberg, Stanley. Understanding Relativity: Origin and Impact of a Scientific Revolution. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1984.

Goldman, Martin. The Demon in the Aether: The Story of James Clerk Maxwell. Edinburgh: Paul Harris, 1983. Includes ample excerpts from primary sources.

Goldman, T., and Michael Martin Nieto, eds. The Santa Fe Meeting. Philadelphia: World Scientific, 1985. Proceedings of a 1984 conference on particles and fields.

Goldsmith, Donald, ed. The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life. Mill Valley, Calif.: University Science Books, 1980.

—————, and Tobias Owen. The Search for Life in the Universe. Reading, Mass.: Benjamin/Cummings, 1980. Undergraduate astronomy textbook that stresses exobiology.

Goldstein, Thomas. Dawn of Modern Science: From the Arabs to Leonardo. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980.

Golino, Carlo L. Galileo Reappraised. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966. Proceedings of a 1965 UCLA conference.

Good, Ronald. The Philosophy of Evolution. Stanbridge, Eng.: Dovecote Press, 1981. Brief overview.

Gooding, David, and Frank A.J.L. James, eds. Faraday Rediscovered. London: Stockton Press, 1985. Based on talks given at a 1984 Faraday conference.

Gorman, Peter. Pythagoras: A Life. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.

Gottfried, Kurt, and Victor F. Weisskopf. Concepts of Particle Physics. London: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Gould, Rupert T. John Harrison and His Timekeepers. Greenwich, Eng.: National Maritime Museum, 1987.

Graham, Loren R. Between Science and Values. New York: Columbia University Press, 1981.

Grant, Edward. In Defense of the Earth’s Centrality and Immobility: Scholastic Reaction to Copernicanism in the Seventeenth Century. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1984. Philosophical arguments deployed against Copernicanism.

—————. Much Ado About Nothing: Theories of the Infinite Void. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

—————. Physical Science in the Middle Ages. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

—————, ed. A Source Book in Medieval Science. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Grant, Michael. Dawn of the Middle Ages. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

—————. From Alexander to Cleopatra. New York: Scribner’s, 1982.

Green, Michael, John Schwartz, and Edward Witten. Superstring Theory. London: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Introduction for physicists, written by three pioneers in the field.

—————, and D. Gross, eds. Unified String Theories. Philadelphia: World Scientific, 1986.

Greenburg, Sidney. The Infinite in Giordano Bruno. New York: Octagon, 1978.

Greene, Brian. The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory. New York: Norton, 1999. Update on string theory and quantum gravity.

Greene, John. The Death of Adam: Evolution and Its Impact on Western Thought. Ames, Iowa: University of Iowa Press, 1959. The reaction to Darwin’s theory.

Gregory, Joshua Craven. A Short History of Atomism, From Democritus to Bohr. London: Black, 1931.

Gribbin, John. Genesis: The Origins of Man and the Universe. New York: Delacorte 1981.

Griggs, William. The Celebrated “Moon Story,” Its Origin and Incidents with a Memoir of Its Author. New York: Bunnell & Price, 1852.

Guillemard, Francis Henry. The Life of Ferdinand Magellan and the First Circumnavigation of the Globe, 1480–1521. New York: AMS Press, 1971.

Guth, Alan H. The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins. New York: Addison Wesley, 1997.

Guthrie, W.K.C. A History of Greek Philosophy. 2 vols. London: Cambridge University Press, 1962.

Haber, Francis. The Age of the World, Moses to Darwin. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1959. Nontechnical history of geochronology through the late nineteenth century.

Haeckel, Ernst. Art Forms in Nature. New York: Dover, 1974.

—————. The Riddle of the Universe at the Close of the Nineteenth Century. New York: Harper, 1900.

Haile, H.G. Luther. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Haldane, E.S. Descartes: His Life and Times. New York: American Scholar Publications, 1966.

Hall, A.R. The Scientific Revolution 1500–1800. Boston: Beacon, 1966.

Halley, Edmond. The Three Voyages of Edmond Halley in the Paramare 1698–1701, ed. Norman J.W. Thrower. London: Hakluyt Society, 1981.

Hanson, Norwood Russell. The Concept of the Positron. London: Cambridge University Press, 1963.

—————. Observation and Explanation: A Guide to Philosophy of Science. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.

—————. Patterns of Discovery. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Hapgood, Charles H. Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age. New York: Chilton, 1966.

Hardin, Garrett. Nature and Man’s Fate. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston, 1959.

Hargittai, Istvan, ed. Symmetry: Unifying Human Understanding. New York: Pergamon, 1986. Collection of papers on symmetry in art and science.

Harman, P.M. Energy, Force, and Matter. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985. Study of development of nineteenth-century physics.

Harrison, Edward. Cosmology: The Science of the Universe. London: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Reflective study, on the undergraduate level.

—————. Darkness at Night: A Riddle of the Universe. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987. Study of Olbers’s paradox.

Harrison, Jane. Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion. London: Merlin Press, 1980.

Hartmann, William K. Astronomy: The Cosmic Journey. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1978. Undergraduate textbook for nonscience majors.

Hassan, Z. and C.H. Lai, eds. Ideals and Realities: Selected Essays of Abdus Salam. Singapore: World Scientific, 1984.

Hawkes, Jacquetta. The First Great Civilizations. New York: Random House, 1973.

—————, and Leonard Woolley. History of Mankind. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Hawking, Stephen W., and G.F.R. Ellis. The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time. London: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

—————, and W. Israel, eds. General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

—————, and M. Rocek, eds. Superspace and Supergravity. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Proceedings of a 1980 Cambridge conference.

Hawkins, Gerald. Beyond Stonehenge. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

—————, with John B. White. Stonehenge Decoded. New York: Dell, 1965. Investigates astronomical alignments in the ancient megalith.

Hayek, F.A. The Counter-Revolution of Science. Indianapolis: Liberty, 1952.

Hazard, Cyril, and Simon Mitton. Active Galactic Nuclei. London: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Healey, R. Time, Reduction and Reality. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Heath, L.R. The Concept of Time. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1936.

Heath, Thomas. Aristarchus of Samos. New York: Dover, 1981.

—————. Greek Astronomy. London: Dent, 1932.

—————. A History of Greek Mathematics. London: Oxford University Press, 1921.

Heathcote, Niels Hugh de Vaudrey. Nobel Prize Winners in Physics, 1901–1950. New York: Schuman, 1954.

Heidel, William A. The Frame of the Ancient Greek Maps. New York: Arno Press, 1976.

Heilbron, J.L. The Dilemmas of an Upright Man: Max Planck as Spokesman for German Science. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Concise, nonscientific biography, with minimal emphasis on Planck’s research.

—————. Elements of Early Modern Physics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Heilbroner, Robert. The Future as History. New York: Harper, 1961.

Heisenberg, Elizabeth. Inner Exile: Recollections of a Life with Werner Heisenberg. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1984.

Heisenberg, Werner. Across the Frontiers, trans. Peter Heath. New York: Harper, 1974.

—————. Physics and Beyond. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.

—————. Physics and Philosophy. New York: Harper, 1962.

—————. Tradition in Science. New York: Seabury Press, 1983.

Held, A., ed. General Relativity and Gravitation. New York: Plenum Press, 1979.

Helmholtz, Hermann von. Epistemological Writings, ed. R.S. Cohen and Y. Elkana, and trans. Malcolm F. Lowe. Boston: Reidel, 1977.

Hempel, Carl G. Philosophy of Natural Science. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1966.

Henderson, Linda Dalrymple. The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometry in Modern Art. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Heraclitus. The Cosmic Fragments, ed. G.S. Kirk. London: Cambridge University Press, 1962. Heraclitus on “the world as a whole,” with extensive commentary.

Herbert, Nick. Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics. New York: Anchor, 1985. Sketch of philosophical questions raised by quantum mechanics.

Herbig, G.H., ed. Spectroscopic Astrophysics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970. Essays in honor of Otto Struve.

Herivel, John. The Background to Newton’s Principia. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Hermann, A. The Genesis of Quantum Theory. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1971.

“Hermes Trismegistus” Hermetica: The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus, ed. and trans. Walter Scott. London: Oxford University Press, 1924.

Herodotus. The Histories, trans. Aubrey de Sélincourt. London: Penguin, 1964.

Herschel, William. Complete Works, ed. J.L.E. Dryer. London: Royal Society, 1912.

Hesiod. Works and Days, trans. Dorothea Wender. Harmondsworth, Eng.: Penguin, 1977.

Heyerdahl, Thor. Early Man and the Ocean. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979.

Hilbert, David. Geometry and the Imagination, trans. P. Nemenyi. New York: Chelsea, 1952.

Hilts, Philip J. Scientific Temperaments. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1982. Includes a profile of Robert Wilson, builder of the Fermilab accelerator.

Himsworth, Harold. Scientific Knowledge and Philosophic Thought. Baltimore: Johns

Hopkins University Press, 1986. Argues for wider application of scientific methods to philosophical problems.

Hitti, Philip K. History of the Arabs. New York: Macmillan, 1951.

Hobbes, Thomas. English Works of Thomas Hobbes, ed. William Molesworth. 11 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1961. Reprint of 1839–1845 editions.

Hobson, E.W. The Domain of Natural Science. New York: Dover, 1968.

Hodge, Paul W. Galaxies. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Hodson, F.R., ed. The Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World. London: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Hoffmann, Banesh. Albert Einstein, Creator and Rebel. New York: Viking, 1972. Nontechnical study of Einstein’s life and work, by his former collaborator.

—————. Relativity and Its Roots. San Francisco: Freeman, 1983. Einstein and the aether.

Holton, Gerald, and Yehuda Elkana, eds. Albert Einstein, Historical and Cultural Perspectives. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1982.

—————. The Scientific Imagination. London: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

—————. Thematic Origins of Scientific Thought, Kepler to Einstein. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Hook, Sidney, ed. Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science. New York: Collier, 1968.

Hooke, Robert. An Attempt to Prove the Motion of the Earth by Observations. London: 1674. Reprinted in R.T. Gunther, Early Science in Oxford, 8:1–28, Oxford, privately printed, 1923–1945.

Horace. Epistles, trans. H. Rushton Fairclough. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Hoskin, Michael A. Stellar Astronomy. Giles, Bucks, Eng.: Science History Publications, 1982. Papers on Wright, Lambert, Newton, Herschel, Shapley, and others.

—————. William Herschel and the Construction of the Heavens. London: Oldbourne, 1963.

Howells, William, ed. Ideas on Human Evolution: Selected Essays 1949–1961. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Howse, Derek. The Clocks and Watches of Captain James Cook, 1769–1969. Ramsgate, Eng.: Thanet, 1970.

—————. Greenwich Time and the Discovery of the Longitude. London: Oxford University Press, 1980.

—————. The Sea Chart: An Historical Survey Based on the Collections in the National Maritime Museum. Newton Abbot, Eng.: David & Charles, 1973.

Hoyle, Fred. Astronomy and Cosmology: A Modern Course. San Francisco: Freeman, 1975.

—————. Encounter with the Future. New York: Trident, 1965.

—————. From Stonehenge to Modern Cosmology. San Francisco: Freeman, 1972.

—————. Frontiers of Astronomy. New York: Harper, 1955.

—————. The Nature of the Universe. New York: Harper, 1960.

—————. On Stonehenge. San Francisco: Freeman, 1977.

—————. Steady-state Cosmology Revisited. Cardiff: University College Cardiff Press, 1980.

—————, and Jayant Narlikar. Action at a Distance in Physics and Cosmology. San Francisco: Freeman, 1974.

—————, Geoffrey Burbidge, and Jayant V. Narlikar. A Different Approach to Cosmology: From a Static Universe Through the Big Bang Towards Reality. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Cosmological unorthodoxy.

Hubble, Edwin. The Realm of the Nebulae. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1985. Popular account of galaxies by the discoverer of the expansion of the universe.

Humboldt, Alexander von. Kosmos: A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: Bailliere, 1848.

Hurley, Patrick. How Old Is the Earth? Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1959. On geological dating.

Hutton, James. Theory of the Earth. Edinburgh: Creech, 1795; Weinheim, Eng.: Englemann, 1959 (2 vols.). Hutton’s explication of how Earth’s history may be traced in the geological record.

Huxley, Aldous. Literature and Science. New York: Harper, 1963.

Huxley, Julian. Evolution in Action. New York: Harper, 1953.

—————. Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley. 3 vols. London: Macmillan, 1903.

—————, and H.B.D. Kettlewell. Charles Darwin and His World. New York: Viking, 1965. Popular biography.

Huygens, Christian. The Celestial Worlds Discovered. London: Cass, 1968.

—————. Treatise on Light, trans. Silvanus P. Thompson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1945.

Iltis, H. Life of Mendel, trans. Eden and Cedar Paul. New York: Norton, 1932.

Infeld, Leopold. Quest: The Evolution of a Scientist. New York: Doubleday, 1941. Autobiography of an Einstein collaborator.

Inge, William Ralph. God and the Astronomers. New York: Longman’s Green, 1933.

Islam, J.N. The Ultimate Fate of the Universe. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Jacob, Francoise. The Possible and the Actual. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982. Essays on the history and philosophy of science.

Jaki, Stanley L. The Milky Way: An Elusive Road for Science. New York: Science History Publications, 1972.

—————. The Road of Science and the Ways to God. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Jammer, Max. Concepts of Space. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1954.

—————. The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. New York: Wiley, 1974.

Jardine, N. The Birth of History and Philosophy of Science: Kepler’s “A Defence of Tycho Against Ursus” with Essays on Its Provenance and Significance. London: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Jeans, James. Physics and Philosophy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1966.

—————. Science and Music. New York: Dover, 1968.

Jerison, H.J. Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. New York: Academic Press, 1973.

Jevons, W.S. The Principles of Science. London: Macmillan, 1900.

John, Laurie, ed. Cosmology Now. New York: Taplinger, 1973.

Johnson, Francis. Astronomical Thought in Renaissance London. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1937.

Jones, A.H.M. The Later Roman Empire. Oxford, Eng.: Blackwell, 1964.

Jones, Richard Foster. Ancients and Moderns. New York: Dover, 1981. The rise of scientific societies in seventeenth-century England.

Judson, Horace Freeland. The Search for Solutions. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1980. Illuminating study of how science is practiced.

Jungnickel, Christa, and Russell McCormmach. Intellectual Mastery of Nature. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Semitechnical history of physics from Ohm to Einstein.

Kahn, C.H. Anaximandcr and the Origins of Greek Cosmology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason, trans. J.M.D. Meiklejohn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

—————. Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens, trans. W. Hastie. Glasgow: 1900; Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969. Includes text of the Hamburg review of Thomas Wright’s book that launched Kant on his theory of galaxies.

—————. Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, ed. James Ellington. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.

—————. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, trans. Paul Carus, revised by James W. Ellington. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1977.

Kaplan, S.A., ed. Extraterrestrial Civilizations. Jerusalem: 1971. Based on a 1969 conference in Moscow.

Kardashev, N.S., ed., Extraterrestrial Civilization, trans. Z. Lerman. Jerusalem: Israel Scientific Translations, 1967.

Kastner, Joseph. A Species of Eternity. New York: Knopf, 1977. Recounts the life and researches of early American naturalists.

Kaufmann, William J. III. Relativity and Cosmology. New York: Harper & Row, 1977. Popular introduction.

—————. Stars and Nebulas. San Francisco: Freeman, 1978. Popularized astrophysics survey.

Keller, Alex. The Infancy of Atomic Physics: Hercules in His Cradle. London: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Kelves, Daniel J. The Physicists. New York: Random House, 1979. History of the development of modern physics in America.

Kepler, Johann. Epitome of Copernican AstronomyPart I. New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1969.

—————. The Harmonies of the World, trans. Charles Glenn Wallis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.

—————. Kepler’s Conversation with Galileo’s Sidereal Messenger, trans. Edward Rosen. New York: Johnson Reprint, 1965.

—————. Mysterium Cosmographicum: The Secret of the Universe, trans. A.M. Duncan. New York: Abaris, 1981.

—————. Somnium: The Dream, trans. Edward Rosen. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Kerkut, G.A. The Implications of Evolution. Oxford, Eng.: Pergamon, 1960.

Kern, Stephen. The Culture of Time and Space 1800–1918. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983. Special relativity’s social context.

Kesten, Hermann. Copernicus and His World. New York: Roy, 1945.

Keynes, Richard Darwin, ed. The Beagle Record: Selections from the Original Pictorial Records and Written Accounts of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. London: Cambridge University Press, 1979. Illustrated compendium of Darwinia.

King, Henry C. The History of the Telescope. New York: Dover, 1979.

King, N.Q. The Emperor Theodosius and the Establishment of Christianity. Philadelphia: The Westminister Press, 1960. Relates the role of Theodosius in the Christian uprisings of the fourth century.

Kippenhahn, Rudolf. Light from the Depths of Time. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1984. Illustrated introduction to cosmology.

—————. 100 Billion Suns: The Birth, Life, and Death of the Stars, trans. Jean Steinberg. New York: Basic Books, 1983. Nontechnical introduction to the physics of the stars.

Kirk, G.S., J.E. Raven, and M. Schofield. The Presocratic Philosophers. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Includes texts and translations of works by Thales, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, etc.

Kitcher, Philip. Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1982. Discussion of creationist misrepresentations of Darwinism.

Kline, Morris. Mathematics: The LOSS of Certainty. London: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Knedler, John Warren, ed. Masterworks of Science. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973.

Koenigsberger, Leo. Hermann von Helmholtz, trans. Frances A. Welby. 3 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1906. Spare narrative, with extensive quotations from Helmholtz’s letters and talks.

Koenigswald, G.H.R. The Evolution of Man. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1976.

Koestler, Arthur. The Sleepwalkers. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1959. On the life and work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo.

Kokkedee, J.J.J. The Quark Model. New York: Benjamin, 1969.

Kolb, Edward, et al. Inner Space/Outer Space: The Interface Between Cosmology and Particle Physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Proceedings of a 1984 Fermilab conference.

Koyré, Alexandre. The Astronomical Revolution, trans. R.E.W. Maddison. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1973.

—————. Galileo Studies, trans. John Mepham. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1978. What Galileo knew and when he knew it.

—————. Metaphysics and Measurement: Essays in Scientific Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

—————. Newtonian Studies. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.

—————, and I. Bernard Cohen, eds. Isaac Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Krauss, Lawrence M. Quintessence: The Mystery of Missing Mass in the Universe. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Kubler, George. The Shape of Time. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1962.

Kühn, Ludwig. The Milky Way: The Structure and Development of Our Star System. New York: Wiley, 1982.

Kuhn, Thomas. The Copernican Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

—————. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Lambert, Johann Heinrich. Cosmological Utters on the Arrangement of the World-Edifice, trans. Stanley Jaki. New York: Science History Publications, 1976.

Lanczos, Cornelius. Albert Einstein and the Cosmic World Order. New York: Interscience, 1965.

—————. The Einstein Decade (1905–1915). New York: Academic Press, 1974.

Landes, David. Revolution in Time. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983. History of clocks and clockmaking.

Lang, Kenneth R., and Owen Gingerich, eds. A Source Book in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1900–1975. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Lange, Frederick Albert. The History of Materialism. London: Kegan Paul, 1925.

Laplace, Pierre-Simon de. A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities, trans. Frederick Wilson Truscott and Frederick Lincoln Emory. New York: Wiley, 1902.

Layzer, David. Constructing the Universe. New York: Freeman, 1984. Introduction to scientific cosmology.

Leach, Maria. The Beginning: Creation Myths Around the World. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1956.

Lear, John. Kepler’s Dream, trans. Patricia Frueh Kirkwood. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965.

Legge, James. The Chinese Classics. 5 vols. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1960.

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. Harry Frankfurt. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976.

—————. Monadology, trans. Robert Latta. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

—————. Philosophical Writings, ed. G.H.R. Parkinson, and trans. Mary Morris and G.H.R. Parkinson. London: Dent, 1973.

Lemaître, Georges. The Primeval Atom. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1950. Semi-popular account of what was to become the big bang theory.

Leville, Jacques P., Lawrence R. Sulak, and David G. Unger, eds. The Second Workshop on Grand Unification. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1981.

Lewis, Wyndham. Time and Western Man. London: Chatto & Windus, 1927. Demystification of the concept of time.

Liddle, Andrew. An Introduction to Modern Cosmology. New York: John Wiley, 1999.

Lindberg, David C., ed. Science in the Middle Ages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Linde, Andrei. Particle Physics and Inflationary Cosmology. New York: Harwood, 1990. Overview of field theory, unified theories of particle physics, and the early universe.

Linder, Eric V. First Principles of Cosmology. New York: Prentice Hall, 1997. Upper-undergraduate to beginning graduate level textbook.

Lindsay, Alexander Dunlop. Kant. London: Ernest Benn, 1934.

Livermore, H.V. A New History of Portugal. London: Cambridge University Press, 1966, 1976.

Livingston, Dorothy Michelson. The Master of Light: A Biography of Albert A. Michelson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973. By Michelson’s daughter.

Lloyd, G.E.R. Early Greek Science: Thales to Aristotle. New York: Norton, 1970.

—————. Greek Science After Aristotle. New York: Norton, 1973.

Lockyer, J. Norman. The Dawn of Astronomy. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1964. Victorian study of the orientation of Egyptian pyramids and temples to the sun and stars.

Longair, M.S. High Energy Astrophysics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Semitechnical.

—————, and J. Einasto. The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe. Boston: Reidel, 1978. Proceedings of a 1977 astronomical symposium.

—————, and J.W. Warner, eds. Scientific Research with the Space Telescope. Washington, D.C.: NASA, 1979. Papers presented at a colloquium on the Hubble Space Telescope.

Lorentz, H.A. The Einstein Theory of Relativity. New York: Brentano’s, 1920.

Losee, J. An Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. London: Oxford University Press, 1972. Short survey, with an emphasis on the history of the concept of experimentation.

Lovejoy, Arthur O. The Great Chain of Being. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1953. Classic study of a durable metaphor.

Lubbock, Constance A. The Herschel Chronicle. New York: Macmillan, 1933. Memoirs by William Herschel’s granddaughter.

Lucretius. De Rerum Natura, trans. Cyril Bailey. London: Oxford University Press, 1947.

—————. On Nature (De Rerum Natura), trans. Russel Geer. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965.

Lyell, Charles. The Antiquity of Man. London: Murray, 1863.

—————. Principles of Geology, 11th ed. London: Appleton, 1877. The case for uniformitarian geology.

Lyell, Katherine, ed. Life, Letters, and Journals of Sir Charles Lyell. 2 vols. Westmead, Eng.: Gregg, 1970.

Maclagan, David. Creation Myths. London: Thames & Hudson, 1979.

Mach, Ernst. The Science of Mechanics, 6th ed. LaSalle, 111.: Open Court, 1960. Influential work in the philosophy of science that helped inspire the young Einstein.

—————. Space and Geometry. LaSalle, 111.: Open Court, 1906.

MacCurdy, Edward, ed. and trans. The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci. New York: Braziller, 1939.

MacKay, D.M. The Clockwork Image. London: Inter-Varsity Press, 1974.

MacKinnon, E.M. Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

MacPherson, Hector. Makers of Astronomy. London: Oxford University Press, 1933. Colorful, hyperbolic history.

MacPike, Eugene Fairfield. Correspondence and Papers of Edmond Halley. London: Oxford University Press, 1932.

McCrea, M.J. Rees et al. The Constants of Physics. London: Royal Society, 1983.

McCuster, Brian. The Quest for Quarks. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Semitechnical explication of experimental tests of quark theory.

McMullin, Ernan, ed. The Concept of Matter in Greek and Medieval Philosophy. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1978.

McNeill, William H. The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force, and Society Since AD 1000. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

—————. The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Mahaffey, J.P. Greek Life and Thought from the Age of Alexander to the Roman Conquest. London: Macmillan, 1887.

Mainx, Felix. Foundations of Biology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955.

Malthus, Thomas Robert. An Essay on the Principle of Population, ed. Philip Appleman. New York: Norton, 1976.

Mandelbrot, Benoit B. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York: Freeman, 1983. Introduction to fractal geometry, by its founder.

Manier, E. The Young Darwin and His Cultural Circle. Boston: Reidel, 1978.

Manuel, Frank E. A Portrait of Isaac Newton. Washington, D.C.: New Republic, 1968. Psychological study.

Marchant, James. Alfred Russel Wallace: Utters and Reminiscences. 2 vols. London: Cassel & Co., 1916.

Marques, A.H. de Oliveira. History of Portugal. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.

Marshak, Robert Eugene. Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics. River Edge, N.J.: World Scientific, 1993.

Martins, J.P. Oliveira. The Golden Age of Prince Henry the Navigator, trans. James Johnston Abraham and William Edward Reynolds. London: Chapman & Hall, 1914.

Mason, H.T. The Liebniz-Arnauld Correspondence. Manchester, Eng.: Manchester University Press, 1967.

Mason, Stephen F. A History of the Sciences. New York: Macmillan, 1977.

Matthews, Donald. Atlas of Medieval Europe. New York: Equinox, 1983.

Matthews, William. Invitation to Geology. Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press, 1971.

May, W.E. How the Chronometer Went to Sea. London: Antiquarian Horological Society, 1976.

Mayr, Ernst. Principles of Systematic Zoology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969. On living versus extinct species.

Medawar, P.B. The Future of Man. New York: Basic Books, 1959.

—————. The Hope of Progress. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974.

—————, and J.S. Medawar. The Life Science. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

Mehra, Jagdish, ed. The Physicist’s Conception of Nature. Boston: Kluwer, 1973.

—————, ed. The Quantum Principle: Its Interpretation and Epistemology. Boston: Reidel, 1974.

Mehta, Ved. Fly and the Fly-Bottle. London: Penguin, 1965. Conversations with English philosophers.

Mellor, D.H. Real Time. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Philosophical study of time and tense.

Merleu-Ponty, Jacques, and Bruno Morando. The Rebirth of Cosmology, trans. Helen Weaver. New York: Knopf, 1976.

Michanowsky, George. The Once and Future Star. New York: Hawthorn, 1977. Theories of the Vela supernova.

Michel, Paul-Henri. The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1973. Emphasizes Bruno’s predecessors and influences.

Michelmore, Peter. Einstein, Profile of the Man. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1962.

Mihalas, Dimitri, and James Binney. Galactic Astronomy. San Francisco: Freeman, 1981. Textbook.

Miller, Arthur. Albert Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1981. The development and early reception of the special theory; includes a new translation of Einstein’s 1905 paper.

—————. Imagery in Scientific Thought. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1984. Study of contributors to the theory of relativity.

Miller, John William. The Paradox of Cause and Other Essays. New York: Norton, 1978.

Milton, John. Paradise Lost, Areopagitica … Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Minkoff, Eli C. Evolutionary Biology. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1983. Textbook.

Mintz, Leigh. Historical Geology. Columbus, Ohio: Merrill, 1972.

Misner, Charles W., Kip S. Thorne, and John Archibald Wheeler. Gravitation. San Francisco: Freeman, 1973. Graduate-level textbook.

Mitton, Simon, ed. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Astronomy. New York: Crown, 1978.

—————. Exploring the Galaxies. New York: Scribner’s, 1976.

Moore, James R. The Post-Darwinian Controversies. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Study of Protestant reaction to Darwin’s theory in the English-speaking world.

Moore, Patrick. The Astronomy of Birr Castle. London: Mitchell, 1971.

Moore, Ruth. Niels Bohr. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985. Accessible biography of the leading quantum physicist.

More, L.T. Isaac Newton: A Biography. New York: Scribner’s, 1934.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Boston: Little, Brown, 1942; Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1983.

—————, ed. and trans. Journals and Other Documents on the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. New York: Limited Editions Club, 1963.

Moriyasu, K. An Elementary Primary for Gauge Theory. Singapore: World Scientific, 1981.

Morris, Richard. Time’s Arrows: Scientific Attitudes Toward Time. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.

Morrison, David, Andrew Fraknoi, and Sidney C. Wolff. Abell’s Exploration of the Universe. Stamford, Conn.: International Thomson Publishing, 1997. Leading undergraduate textbook.

Morrison, Philip, and Phylis Morrison. Powers of Ten. New York: Freeman, 1982. Illustrated guide to natural structure on a wide spectrum of scales.

Moss, Norman. Men Who Play God: The Story of the H-Bomb and How the World Came to Live With It. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.

Motz, Lloyd, and Anneta Duveen. Essentials of Astronomy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. Undergraduate textbook, intended primarily for science majors.

Mourelatos, Alexander P.D., ed. The Pre-Socratics. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974.

Muller, H.J. Out of the Night: A Biologist’s View of the Future. New York: Vanguard, 1935.

Mulvey, J.H. The Nature of Matter. London: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Mumby, F.A. Publishing and Bookselling. London: Cape, 1956.

Mumford, Lewis. The Myth of the Machine. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1966.

Munitz, Milton K. Cosmic Understanding: Philosophy and Science of the Universe. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986.

—————. Space, Time and Creation: Philosophical Aspects of Scientific Cosmology. New York: Dover, 1981.

—————. Theories of the Universe. New York: Free Press, 1957. Classic anthology.

Nagel, Ernest. The Structure of Science. New York and Indianapolis: Hackett, 1979.

Nagel, Thomas. The View from Nowhere. London: Oxford University Press, 1986. Philosophical study of objectivity.

Narlikar, Jayant. Introduction to Cosmology. Boston: Jones & Bartlett, 1983.

—————. The Structure of the Universe. London: Oxford University Press, 1977. Semitechnical introduction to cosmology and stellar evolution.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines. London: Dent, 1932; Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Nathan, Otto, and Heinz Norden, ed. Einstein on Peace. New York: Avenel, 1960. Einstein’s writings and speeches on world peace.

Needham, Joseph. Order and Life. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1936, 1968.

—————. Science and Civilization in China. London: Cambridge University Press, 1954–1984.

—————. Science in Traditional China. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Ne’eman, Yuval, and Yoram Kirsh. The Particle Hunters. London: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Nontechnical account of accelerator physics.

Neugebauer, Otto. Astronomy and History: Selected Essays. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1983.

—————. The Exact Sciences in Antiquity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Neumann, John von. The Computer and the Brain. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1958.

Neurath, Otto, et al. Foundations of the Unity of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938.

Newby, Eric. The Rand McNally World Atlas of Exploration. New York: 1975.

Newman; James R., ed. The World of Mathematics. 4 vols. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1956. Standard reference work.

Newton, Isaac. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, ed. A. Rupert Hall and Laura Tilling. London: Cambridge University Press, 1959.

—————. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World, trans. Florian Cajori and Andrew Motte. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1934.

—————. Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972. Reprint of 1726 edition.

Newton, Robert. The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977. How Ptolemy fudged his data.

Nicolson, Majorie Hope. The Breaking of the Circle: Studies in the Effect of the New Science upon Seventeenth Century Poetry. Evanston, III.: Northwestern University Press, 1950.

—————. Newton Demands the Muse: Newton’s Optiks and the Eighteenth Century Poets. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press,. 1963.

—————. Science and Imagination. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1956.

Niebuhr, Reinhold. The Nature and Destiny of Man. New York: Scribner’s, 1945.

Nisbet, Robert. History of the Idea of Progress. New York: Basic Books, 1980.

North, J.D. Isaac Newton. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.

—————. The Measure of the Universe: A History of Modern Cosmology. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Nunis, Doyce, ed. The 1769 Transit of Venus. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 1982.

Ockham, William of. Philosophical Writings, trans. Philotheus Boehner. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1964.

Ogburn, Charlton, Jr. The Forging of Our Continent. New York: Van Nostrand, 1968. Introduction to the geology of North America, with historical background emphasizing establishment of the geological time scale.

Olby, Robert. Origins of Mendelism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Mendel and hybridization.

Oparin, A.I., ed. The Origin of Life on the Earth. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert. Letters and Recollections, ed. Alica Kimball Smith and Charles Weiner. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

—————. Uncommon Sense, ed. N. Metropolis, Gian-Carlo Rota, and David Sharp. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1984. Collection of Oppenheimer’s nontechnical essays.

Osborn, Henry Fairfield. From the Greeks to Darwin. New York: Macmillan, 1894. Survey history of pre-Darwinian evolutionary biology.

Packard, A.S. Lamarck: The Founder of Evolution. London: Longmans, 1901.

Pagels, Heinz. The Cosmic Code. New York: Bantam, 1982. Introduction to quantum physics, for general readers.

—————. Perfect Symmetry. New York: Bantam, 1986. Comprehensive popularization of unified field theory and early-universe cosmology.

Pais, Abraham. Inward Bound. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. History of twentieth-century physics, with an emphasis on the period preceding the advent of gauge theory.

—————. Subtle Is the Lord… The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein. London: Oxford University Press, 1982. The standard scientific biography.

—————. A Tribute to Niels Bohr. Geneva: CERN, 1985.

Pannekoek, Antonie. A History of Astronomy. New York: Interscience, 1961.

Panofsky, Erwin. Renaissance and Renascences in Western Art. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

Papagiannis, M., ed. The Search for Extraterrestrial Life: Recent Developments. Boston: Reidel, 1985.

Park, David. The Image of Eternity: Roots of Time in the Physical World. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980.

Parker, Barry. Einstein’s Dream: The Search for a Unified Theory of the Universe. New York: De Capo/Plenum, 1986. Popular account of contemporary unified theories.

Parr, Charles McKew. Ferdinand Magellan: Circumnavigator. New York: Crowell, 1964.

Parry, J.H. The Age of Reconnaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.

Parton, James. The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1882.

Pasachoff, Jay M. Astronomy: From the Earth to the Universe. Fort Worth: Saunders, 1998. Undergraduate textbook for nonscience majors.

Patterson, Colin. Evolution. London: British Museum, 1978. Brief, popular introduction emphasizing the empirical evidence for Darwinism.

Pauli, Wolfgang. Theory of Relativity. New York: Pergamon, 1958.

Pauling, Linus. The Nature of the Chemical Bond. London: Oxford University Press, 1960.

—————, and E. Bright Wilson, Jr. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, with Applications to Chemistry. New York and London: McGraw-Hill, 1935.

Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia. Stars and Clusters. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979. Popular exposition of stellar evolution, by a distinguished astrophysicist.

Peacocke, Arthur. Creation and the World of Science. London: Oxford University Press, 1979.

—————. Intimations of Reality: Critical Realism in Science and Religion. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

Pedoe, Dan. Geometry and the Visual Arts. New York: Dover, 1976.

Peebles, P.J.E. Principles of Physical Cosmology. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993. Seminal reference work.

Peirce, Charles. Philosophical Writings of Peirce, ed. Justus Buchler. New York: Dover, 1955.

Perkins, Donald H. Introduction to High Energy Physics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1982. Textbook.

Philip, J.A. Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966.

Philipson, Morris, ed. Leonardo da Vinci: Aspects of the Renaissance Genius. New York: Braziller, 1966.

Philo. On the Creation, trans. F.H. Colson and G.H. Whitaker. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Pickering, Andrew. Constructing Quarks. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984. History of contemporary nucleon physics, disguised as a sociological study.

Pigafetta, Antonio. Magellan’s Voyage: A Narrative Account of the First Circumnavigation. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1969.

Pilbeam, David. The Ascent of Man: An Introduction to Human Evolution. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Planck, Max. The Philosophy of Physics. New York: Norton, 1936.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues, Including the Utters, ed. Edith Hamilton and Huntington Carins. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.

—————. Republic, ed. and trans. Francis MacDonald Cornford. New York: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Playfair, John. Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth. New York: Dover, 1964. Photocopy reproduction of the book that first popularized Hutton’s ideas.

Plotinus. The Essential Plotinus, trans. Elmer O’Brien. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1984.

—————. The Six Enneads, trans. Stephen MacKenna and B.S. Page. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Plumb, J.H. The Renaissance. New York: American Heritage, 1961.

Plutarch. Lives, trans. John Dryden, revised by A.H. Clough. 5 vols. New York: Harper, 1911.

—————. Moralia, Vol. XI, trans. Lionel Pearson and F.H. Sandbach; Vol. XII, trans. Harold Cherniss and William C. Helmbold. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965, 1968. Contains Plutarch’s essay “On the Face in the Orb of the Moon.”

Poincaré, Henri. Science and Hypothesis. New York: Dover, 1952.

—————. Science and Method, trans. F. Maitland. New York: Dover, 1952. Reprint of the 1908 edition.

—————. The Value of Science, trans. G.B. Halstead. New York: Dover, 1958.

Polanyi, Michael. Personal Knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.

—————. Science, Faith and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946.

—————. The Study of Man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.

Polkinghorne, J.C. The Particle Play: An Account of the Ultimate Constituents of Matter. San Francisco: Freeman, 1981.

Polo, Marco. The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East, trans. Henry Yule. London: Murray, 1929.

—————. The Description of the World, trans. A.C. Moule and Paul Pelliot. New York: AMS Press, 1976.

Ponnamperuna, Cyril. The Origins of Life. New York: Dutton, 1972.

—————. ed. Exobiology. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1972.

—————, and A.G.W. Cameron, eds. Interstellar Communication: Scientific Perspectives. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974.

Popper, Karl. Conjectures and Refutations. New York: Basic Books, 1968.

—————. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.

—————. Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Press, Frank, and Raymond Siever. Earth. San Francisco: Freeman, 1978. Geology textbook.

Prestage, E. The Portuguese Pioneers. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.

Price, Lucien. Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead. New York: Mentor, 1956.

Priestley, J.B. Man and Time. London: Allen & Unwin, 1964.

Pringele-Pattison, A.S. The Idea of God in the Light of Recent Philosophy. London: Oxford University Press, 1917.

Prigogine, Ilya. From Being to Becoming. San Francisco: Freeman, 1980. On the origin of complex structures in nature.

Pritchard, James B. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 2 vols.

Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1955. Includes creation myths.

Ptolemy. Almagest, trans. R. Catesby Taliaferro. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Quine, Willard V. Elementary Logic. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

—————, and J.S. Ullian. The Web of Relief. New York: Random House, 1970. Brief study of faith in relation to observation, hypothesis, and explanation.

Rabel, Gabrielle. Kant. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Rabi, I.I. Science: The Center of Culture. New York: World, 1970.

Rae, Alastair I.M. Quantum Physics, Illusion or Reality? London: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Randall, John Herman, Jr. The Career of Philosophy. 2 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

—————. Philosophy After Darwin. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

Raven, Charles. John Ray, Naturalist. London: Cambridge University Press, 1942.

Ray, John. Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of Creation. New York: Garland, 1979. Discussion of the plurality of worlds.

Redondi, Pietro. Galileo: Heretic, trans. Raymond Rosenthal. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987. Argues that Galileo was persecuted more for advocating atomism than Copernicanism.

Reeves, Hubert. Atoms of Silence. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1984. Philosophical reflections by a nuclear physicist.

Reichenbach, Hans. The Philosophy of Space and Time, trans. Maria Reichenbach and John Freund. New York: Dover, 1958.

Reines, Frederick, ed. Cosmology, Fusion and Other Matters. Boulder: Colorado University Associated Press, 1972. Essays in memory of George Gamow.

Rhys, H.H., ed. Seventeenth Century Science and the Arts. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Rist, John M., ed. The Stoics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Roe, Derek. Prehistory. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Ronchi, Vasco. The Nature of Light: An Historical Survey. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Rood, Robert T., and James S. Trefil. Are We Alone?: The Possibility of Extraterrestrial Civilizations. New York: Scribner’s, 1981.

Rosen, Edward. Copernicus and the Scientific Revolution. Malabar, Fla.: Krieger, 1984.

Rosen’s commentaries on Copernicus’s On the Revolutions, along with short related documents.

—————. Kepler’s Somnium. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

—————. Three Copernican Treatises. New York: Dover, 1959; New York: Octagon, 1971.

Rosenberg, David, ed. The Realm of Science. 21 vols. Louisville, Ky.: Touchstone, 1972.

Rosenthal-Schneider, Use. Reality and Scientific Truth. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1980. Reminiscences of discussions with Einstein, Max von Laue, and Planck.

Rossi, Paolo. The Dark Abyss of Time: The History of the Earth and the History of Nations from Hooke to Vico, trans. Lydia Cochrane. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

—————. Francis Bacon: From Magic to Science, trans. Sacha Rabinovitch. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Rothenberg, Jerome, ed. Technicians of the Sacred. New York: Anchor, 1969. Selected poetry from the “primitive” peoples of Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania.

Rowan-Robinson, Michael. The Cosmological Distance Ladder. San Francisco: Freeman, 1985.

Rowe, W.L. The Cosmological Argument. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Rozer, H.F. History of Ancient Geography. London: Cambridge University Press, 1935.

Rucker, Rudy. The Fourth Dimension and How to Get There. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

—————. Infinity and the Mind. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1982.

Rudnicki, Jozef. Nicholas Copernicus. London: Copernicus Quatercentenary Celebration Committee, 1943.

Ruse, Michael. The Darwinian Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979. Darwin’s work in the context of the history of science.

Russell, Bertrand. The ABC of Relativity. New York: Signet, 1958. Nontechnical introduction.

—————. The Foundations of Geometry. New York: Dover, 1956.

—————. A History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1945.

—————. Human Knowledge. London: Allen & Unwin, 1948.

—————. Mysticism and Logic. New York: Doubleday, 1917.

—————. The Problems of Philosophy. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.

—————. The Scientific Outlook. New York: Norton, 1959.

Rutherford, Ernest. The Collected Papers of Lord Rutherford of Nelson, ed. James Chadwick. 3 vols. New York: Interscience, 1962. Includes reprints of Rutherford’s accounts of radioactivity, radiochronology, and the structure of the atom.

—————. The Newer Alchemy. London: Cambridge University Press, 1937. Explication of the transmutation of elements under nucleon bombardment.

—————. Radio-activity. London: Cambridge University Press, 1904.

Ryder, Lewis. Elementary Particles and Symmetries. New York: Gordon & Breach, 1986.

—————. Quantum Field Theory. London: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Introduction to field theory for students of particle physics.

Sagan, Carl, ed., Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT press, 1973. Based on a 1971 conference held in Armenia.

—————, et al. Murmurs of Earth. New York: Random House, 1978. Details production and contents of the Voyager phonograph record.

Sainte-Beuve, Charles. Portraits of Men. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries, 1972. Reprint of 1891 edition. Contains a biographical sketch of Fontenelle.

Salmon, Wesley C. Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

—————. Space, Time, and Motion: A Philosophical Introduction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.

Sanceau, Elaine. Henry the Navigator. New York: Norton, 1947; Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1969.

Sandage, Allan. The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1961.

—————. A Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog of Bright Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1981.

—————, Mary Sandage, and Jerome Cristian, eds. Galaxies and the Universe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.

Santillana, Giorgio. The Origins of Scientific Thought. New York: New American Library, 1970.

—————, and Hertha von Dechend. Hamlet’s Mill: An Essay on Myth and the Frame of Time. New York: Macmillan, 1969. The case for an ancient appreciation of the fact that the earth’s axis precesses over a period of twenty-six thousand years.

Sarton, George. The Appreciation of Ancient and Medieval Science During the Renaissance

(1400–1600). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1955.

—————. A History of Science. New York: Norton, 1970.

Saunders, N.K. Poems of Heaven and Hell from Ancient Mesopotamia. Harmondsworth, Eng.: Penguin, 1972.

Sayen, Jamie. Einstein in America. New York: Crown, 1985.

Scharfstein, Ben-Ami. The Philosophers: Their Lives and the Nature of Their Thought. London: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Schilpp, Paul Arthur. Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. La Salle, 111.: Open Court, 1969. Standard reference work; contains Einstein’s “Autobiographical Notes.”

Schneer, Cecil J. The Evolution of Physical Science. New York: University Press of America, 1984.

—————, ed. Toward a History of Geology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1969. Proceedings of the New Hampshire Inter-Disciplinary Conference on the History of Geology, 1967.

Schrödinger, Erwin. Space-Time Structure. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

—————. What Is Life? London: Cambridge University Press, 1946. Philosophy of biophysics.

Schwartz, John, ed. Superstrings: The First IS Years of Superstring Theory. Singapore and Philadelphia: World Scientific, 1985. Collection of technical papers important to the origin and early progress of superstring theory.

Schwarzschild, Martin. Structure and Evolution of the Stars. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1958; New York: Dover, 1965.

Schwinger, Julian, ed. Selected Papers on Quantum Electrodynamics. New York: Dover, 1958.

Sciama, D.W. Modern Cosmology. London: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Nontechnical survey.

Searles, Herbert L. Logic and Scientific Methods. New York: Ronald, 1968.

Seelig, Carl. Albert Einstein: A Documentary Biography, trans. Mervyn Savill. London: Staples Press, 1956.

Segrè, Emilio. Enrico Fermi: Physicist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

—————. From X-Rays to Quarks. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980. Historical account of twentieth-century physics, by one of its participants.

—————. Nuclei and Particles. Reading, Mass.: Benjamin, 1977. Textbook.

Seneca. Letters from a Stoic, trans. Robin Campbell. London: Penguin, 1969.

—————. Naturales Quaestiones, trans. Thomas Corcoran. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Setti, G., and L. Van Hove, eds. Large-Scale Structure of the Universe, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics. Geneva: CERN, 1984. Proceedings of a conference on cosmology and particle physics.

Sextus Empiricus. Against the Physicists, trans. R.G. Bury. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Shapere, Dudley. Galileo: A Philosophical Study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Shapley, Harlow. Galaxies. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.

—————. Through Rugged Ways to the Stars. New York: Scribner’s 1969. Autobiography.

—————, ed. A Source Book in Astronomy. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1929.

—————, ed. Source Book in Astronomy 1900–1950. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960. Compendium of major scientific papers of the period.

Shirley, John W., and F. David Hoeniger, eds. Science and the Arts in the Renaissance. London: Associated University Presses, 1985.

Shklovskii, Iosif S. Stars: Their Birth, Life, and Death. San Francisco: Freeman, 1978.

—————, and Carl Sagan. Intelligent Life in the Universe. New York: Delta, 1966. Ground-breaking SETI study.

Shotwell, James T. The History of History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1939.

Shu, Frank. The Physical Universe. Mill Valley, Calif.: University Science Books, 1982. Leading astrophysics textbook.

Silk, Joseph. The Big Bang: The Creation and Evolution of the Universe. San Francisco: Freeman, 1980. Cosmology and particle physics for general readers.

Simpson, George Gaylord. The Life of the Past. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1953.

—————. The Meaning of Evolution. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1950.

—————. This View of Life. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1964.

Singer, Charles. A Short History of Scientific Ideas to 1900. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.

—————. Studies in The History and Method of Science, Vol. 1. London: Oxford University Press, 1917.

—————, et al. A History of Technology. 7 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1978–1979.

Singer, Dorothea Waley. Giordano Bruno: His Life and Thought. New York: Schuman, 1950.

Singh, Jagjit. Great Ideas and Theories of Modern Cosmology. New York: Dover, 1961. Nontechnical.

—————. Great Ideas of Modern Mathematics. New York: Dover, 1959.

Singh, Thakur Jaideva. Philosophy of Evolution: Western and Indian. Prasaranga, India: University of Mysore Press, 1970.

Sklar, Lawrence. Space, Time, and Spacetime. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Smart, J.J.C. Philosophy and Scientific Realism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963.

____, ed. Problems of Space and Time. New York: Macmillan, 1964, 1979. Anthology of philosophical and historical essays.

Smith, Cyril Stanley. A Search for Structure: Selected Essays on Science, Art, and History. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1981.

Smith, D.E. History of Mathematics. 2 vols. New York: Dover, 1953.

Smith, Robert. The Expanding Universe. London: Cambridge University Press, 1982. Account of the “great debate” over the island universe theory during the first three decades of the twentieth century.

Snow, C.P. The Physicists. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981. Personal reminiscences, derived from a draft written just before Snow’s death and flawed by a few errors.

—————. Variety of Men. New York: Scribner’s, 1967.

Snyder, Paul. Toward One Science. New York: St. Martin’s, 1978.

Sober, Elliott. The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1984. Examination of philosophical questions about the nature of Darwinian selection.

Spencer, Herbert. Essays, Vol. 1. New York: Appleton, 1901. Includes Spencer on the “nebular hypothesis.”

Spinoza, Benedict. Chief Works, trans. R.H.M. Elwes. New York: Dover, 1951.

—————. The Correspondence of Spinoza, ed. and trans. A. Wolf. London: Allen & Unwin, 1928.

—————. Philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza, trans. R.H.M. Elwes. New York: Tudor, 1936.

Spitzer, Lyman. Searching Between the Stars. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1982. On interstellar matter.

Sprague, Rosamond Kent. The Older Sophists. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1972. Translation of the fragments in Hermann Diels’s Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, a compendium of primary source material on the Sophists.

Stachel, John, ed. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vols. 1–7. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987–2002.

Stanley, Steven M. The New Evolutionary Timetable. New York: Basic Books, 1981. Illustrated, nontechnical.

Starr, Chester G., et al. A History of the World. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1960.

Steen, Lynn Arthur, ed. Mathematics Today. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1978. Twelve semitechnical essays.

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. Ultima Thule. New York: Macmillan, 1940. The “golden age” of navigation, circa 3000–1500 B.C.

Steinberg, S.H. Five Hundred Years of Printing. New York: Criterion Books, 1959.

Steinmetz, Charles Proteus. Four Lectures on Relativity and Space. New York: Dover, 1967. A minimum of mathematics.

Stern, Curt, and E.R. Sherwood, eds. The Origin of Genetics: A Mendel Science Book.

San Francisco: Freeman, 1966.

Strachey, James, ed. The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. London: Hogarth, 1955.

Straus, M. Modern Physics and Its Philosophy. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1972. Collection of papers and talks in which the author argues that the evolution of physics has been due more to the action of general laws than to the creativity of individual scientists.

Struve, Otto, and Velta Zebergs. Astronomy of the Twentieth Century. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

Sullivan, Walter. Black Holes. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1979.

Su Tung-p’o. Selections from a Sung Dynasty Poet, trans. Burton Watson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

Sweeney, L. Infinity in the Presocratics. Boston: Kluwer, 1972.

Swinburne, Richard. Space and Time. New York: Macmillan, 1968.

Szilard, Leo. Leo Szilard: His Version of the Facts, ed. Spencer R. Weart and Gertrud Weiss Szilard. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978. Recollections and correspondence by a pioneer in nuclear fusion.

Taton, Rene. History of Science, trans. A.J. Pomerans. London: Basic Books, 1963.

—————. Reason and Chance in Scientific Discovery, trans. A.J. Pomerans. New York: Science Editions, 1962.

Taube, Mieczyslaw. Evolution of Matter and Energy in Cosmic and Planetary Scale. Killwanger Switz.: self-published, 1982.

Taubes, Gary. Nobel Dreams. New York: Random House, 1986. Account of Carlo Rubbia’s quest to identify the W and Z particles predicted by electroweak theory.

Taylor, A.E. Aristotle. New York: Dover, 1955. Survey of Aristotle’s thought.

—————. Plato: The Man and His Work. New York: Meridian, 1960. Standard reference, with commentary on each of the dialogues.

Taylor, F. Sherwood. A Short History of Science and Scientific Thought. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Taylor, J.C. Gauge Theories of Weak Interactions. London: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Tedlock, Dennis, ed. Popol vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.

Teggart, Frederick J., and George Hildebrand, eds. The Idea of Progress: A Collection of Readings. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1949.

Temple, G. General Principles of Quantum Theory. London: Methuen, 1934.

Terzian, Yervant, and Elizabeth M. Bilson, eds. Cosmology and Astrophysics. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1982. Essays in honor of physicist Thomas Gold.

Thayer, H.S. Newton’s Philosophy of Nature. New York: Macmillan, 1953. Selections from Newton’s writings.

Thiebault, Dieudonne. Original Anecdotes of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. London: Johnson, 1805; New York: Riley, 1806.

Thomas, Keith. Man and the Natural World. New York: Pantheon, 1983. Changing attitudes toward nature, 1500–1800.

Thomas, Lewis. The Lives of a Cell. New York: Viking, 1974.

—————. The Medusa and the Snail. New York: Viking, 1979.

Thompson, D’Arcy W. Science and the Classics. London: Oxford University Press, 1940.

Thompson, J. Eric. The Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1954.

Thompson, William, Baron Kelvin. Popular Lectures and Addresses. 3 vols. London: Macmillan, 1891–1894.

Thorndike, Lynn. The History of Magic and Experimental Science. 8 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.

Thorne, Kip S. Black Holes and Time Warps: Einstein’s Outrageous Legacy. New York: Norton, 1995. Able introduction for general readers.

Tiselius, Arne, and Sam Nilsson, eds. The Place of Value in a World of Fact. New York: Wiley, 1970.

Tolstoy, Ivan. James Clerk Maxwell. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. Nontechnical biography.

Toulmin, Stephen. Foresight and Understanding: An Enquiry into the Aims of Science. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1961.

—————. The Philosophy of Science. London: Hutchinson, 1967.

—————. Physical Reality. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.

—————, and June Goodfield. The Architecture of Matter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. Study of evolution and materialism.

—————. The Discovery of Time. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. Survey of efforts throughout the history of science to determine the duration of the past.

—————. The Fabric of the Heavens. New York: Harper, 1961. Scholarly but nontechnical account of the development of astronomy and dynamics.

—————, et al. Seventeenth Century Science and the Arts. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Tovmasyan, G.M., ed. Extraterrestrial Civilizations. Jerusalem: 1967. Proceedings of a Soviet SETI conference.

Toynbee, Arnold. Surviving the Future. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Trefil, James S. From Atoms to Quarks. New York: Scribner’s, 1980. Popular introduction to particle physics.

—————. The Moment of Creation. New York: Scribner’s, 1983. Early-universe cosmology.

Tucker, Wallace, and Karen Tucker. The Cosmic Inquirers. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986. Report on the technological development of “invisible” astronomy.

Ullman, B.L. Ancient Writing and Its Influence. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1969.

Unsold, Albrecht. The New Cosmos, trans. W.H. McCrea and R.C. Smith. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1991.

Van der Waerden, B.L., ed. Sources of Quantum Mechanics. New York: Dover, 1968.

Van Helden, Albert. Measuring the Universe: Cosmic Dimensions from Aristarchus to Halley. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Vico, Giambattista. Selected Writings, ed. and trans. Leon Pompa. London: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Virgil. Aenid, trans. T.H. Delabere-May. New York: Bantam, 1961.

—————. Aeneid, trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Random House, 1983.

—————. Aeneid, trans. James Rhoades. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Vlastos, Gregory. Plato’s Universe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975. Plato’s cosmological ideas.

Voltaire. The Elements of Sir Isaac Newton’s Philosophy, trans. John Hanna. London: Cass, 1738. Voltaire’s popular exposition of Newton’s theories.

—————. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctoral Regions of America, During the Years 1799–1804. London: Bell, 1942.

Warhaft, Sidney, ed. Francis Bacon: A Selection of His Works. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1982.

Warner, Deborah Jean. Alvan Clark and Sons: Artists in Optics. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968.

Watson, James D. Molecular Biology of the Gene. Menlo Park, Calif.: Benjamin, 1965. Textbook by the co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule.

Wallace, Alfred Russel. Letters and Reminiscences. New York: Arno Press, 1975. Memoirs of the co-discoverer of Darwinian evolution.

—————. Man’s Place in the Universe. A Study of the Results of Scientific Research in Relation to the Unity or Plurality of Worlds. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1903. Argues that the sun is near the center of a finite universe and that the earth alone is habitable.

Wallace, William. Galileo and His Sources. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

—————. Prelude to Galileo. Boston: Reidel, 1981.

Waterfield, Reginald. A Hundred Years of Astronomy. New York: Macmillan, 1938.

Weaver, Jefferson Hane. The World of Physics. 3 vols. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1987. Compilation of nontechnical essays on important developments in physics.

Weber, Robert L. Pioneers of Science: Nobel Prize Winners in Physics. London: Institute of Physics, 1980. Short sketches of physics laureates from 1901 through 1979.

Wechsler, Judith, ed., Aesthetics in Science. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978. Papers on symmetry and other aesthetic considerations in scientific research.

Wehr, M. Russell, James A. Richards, Jr., and Thomas W. Adair III. Physics of the Atom. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1978. College-level textbook.

Weil, Andre. Number Theory. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1984. Semitechnical historical survey.

Weinberg, Steven. The Discovery of Subatomic Particles. New York: Freeman, 1983. History of the origins of particle physics.

—————. The First Three Minutes. New York: Basic Books, 1977. Nontechnical account of connections between particle physics and the evolution of the early universe.

—————. Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity. New York: Wiley, 1972.

—————. The Quantum Theory of Fields. New York: Cambridge University Press, 3 vols, 1995–2000.

Weisskopf, Victor. Knowledge and Wonder. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1979.

Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von. The History of Nature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

—————. The Unity of Nature. New York: Farrar, Straus, 1980. Essays on quantum mechanics and the philosophy of science.

Wells, H.G. The Fate of Man. London: Longmans, Green, 1939.

—————. The Outline of History. Garden City, N.Y.: Garden City Books, 1961.

Wendt, Herbert. In Search of Adam. New York: Collier Books, 1963. Popularized account of the development of evolution theory.

Wess, Julius, and Jonathan Bagger. Supersymmetry and Supergravity. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Westfall, Richard S. Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. London: Cambridge University Press, 1980. Standard biography.

Weyl, Hermann. Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science. New York: Atheneum, 1963.

—————. Space Time Matter. New York: Dover, 1952.

—————. Symmetry. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1952.

Wheeler, John Archibald. Albert Einstein, 1879–1955: A Biographical Memoir. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1980.

—————. Geons, Black Holes, and Quantum Foam: A Life in Physics. New York: Norton, 1998.

—————. A Journey into Gravity and Spacetime. New York: Scientific American, 1999.

—————, and Wojciech Hubert Zurek. Quantum Theory and Measurement. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Whetham, W.C.D., and M.D. Whetham. Readings in the Literature of Science. London: Cambridge University Press, 1924.

Whiston, William. Astronomical Lectures. London: Senex & Taylor, 1715, 1728. Influenced Thomas Wright.

—————. Astronomical Principles of Religion, Natural and Reveal’d. London: Senex & Taylor, 1717, 1725.

White, Andrew Dickson. A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom. 2 vols. New York: Appleton, 1896. Conciliatory study of religion and science.

Whitehead, Alfred North. The Concept of Nature. London: Cambridge University Press, 1964.

—————. An Introduction to Mathematics. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.

—————. Modes of Thought. New York: Capricorn, 1958.

—————. Process and Reality. New York: Humanities Press, 1929. Essays in cosmology.

—————. Science and the Modern World. New York: Mentor, 1964.

Whiteway, R.S. The Rise of Portuguese Power in India, 1497–1550. London: Constable, 1899.

Whitney, Charles A. The Discovery of Our Galaxy. New York: Knopf, 1971.

Whitrow, G.J., ed. Einstein: The Man and His Achievement. New York: Dover, 1967.

Whittaker, E. From Euclid to Eddington: A Study of Conceptions of the Physical World. London: Cambridge University Press, 1949. Geometry and the concept of space.

Whyte, Lancelot Law. Essay on Atomism: From Democritus to 1960. London: Nelson, 1961.

Wiener, Philip, and Aaron Noland, eds. Roots of Scientific Thought. New York: Basic Books, 1960.

Wigner, Eugene F. Symmetries and Reflections. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1967. Thoughts on the symmetry principle, by one of its most capable adepts.

Wilber, Ken, ed. Quantum Questions. London: Shambala, 1984. Anthology of writings on mysticism by physicists.

Wilford, John Noble. The Mapmakers. New York: Random House, 1982.

Wilkins, John. A Discourse Concerning a New World. London: Maynard, 1640.

Williams, L. Pearce. The History of Science in Western Civilization. 3 vols. New York: University Press of America, 1978.

—————. The Origins of Field Theory. New York: University Press of America, 1980.

—————. ed. Relativity Theory: Its Origins and Impact on Modern Thought. Huntington, N.Y.: Krieger, 1979.

Williams, Trevor I. The History of Invention. New York: Facts on File, 1987.

Williamson, Ray A. Living the Sky: The Cosmos of the American Indian. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

Wilson, E. Bright. An Introduction to Scientific Research. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1952.

Wilson, Edward O., et al. Life on Earth. Stamford, Conn.: Sinauer, 1974. Biology textbook.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. On Certainty. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

—————. Philosophical Grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Wolf, A. A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th and 17th Centuries. 2 vols. London: Allen & Unwin, 1935.

Wolf, Fred Alan. Taking the Quantum Leap. New York: Harper & Row, 1981. Profusely illustrated, simplified introduction to ideas in quantum physics.

Wolfson, Harry Austryn. The Philosophy of Spinoza. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Woolf, Harry. Some Strangeness in the Proportion: A Centennial Symposium to Celebrate the Achievements of Albert Einstein. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1980.

—————.The Transits of Venus: A Study of Eighteenth-Century Science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1959.

Wren, Christopher (fils). Parentalia: Or Memoirs of the Family of the Wrens. London: Osborn, 1750.

Wright, Helen. Explorer of the Universe: A Biography of George Ellery Hale. New York: Dutton, 1966.

Wright, Thomas. An Original Theory or New Hypothesis of the Universe …, introduction and transcription by Michael Hoskin. London: MacDonald, 1971.

Wycherley, R.E. The Stones of Athens. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Yang, C.N. Elementary Particles. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1961.

—————. Selected Papers, 1945–1980. San Francisco: Freeman, 1983. Includes commentary by Yang on the background to his major papers.

Yates, Frances A. Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979. Investigates Bruno’s devotion to the Neoplatonic works invented by mystics in the third century A.D. and ascribed to the fabulous figure of Hermes Trismegistus.

Yolton, John W. The Philosophy of Science of A.S. Eddington. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1960.

Young, J.Z. An Introduction to the Study of Man. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Young, Louise, ed. The Mystery of Matter. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Yourgrau, Wolfgang, and Allen D. Breck, eds. Cosmology, History, and Theology. New York: Plenum Press, 1977. Proceedings of a 1974 symposium in honor of Georges Lemaître.

Yutang, Lin. The Gay Genius. New York: Day, 1947. Fictionalized but generally plausible biography of Su Tung-p’o.

Zee, A. Fearful Symmetry: The Search for Beauty in Modern Physics. New York: Macmillan, 1986. Anecdotal, nontechnical approach to symmetry and aesthetics in physics.