Cosmos - Carl Sagan (1980)

FOR FURTHER READING

(The more technical scientific works are asterisked.)

CHAPTER 1

Boeke, Kees. Cosmic View: The Universe in Forty Jumps. New York: John Day, 1957.

Fraser, Peter Marshall. Ptolemaic Alexandria. Three volumes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Boston: Little, Brown, 1942.

Sagan, Carl. Broca’s Brain: Reflections on the Romance of Science. New York: Random House, 1979.

CHAPTER 2

Attenborough, David. Life on Earth: A Natural History. London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1979.

*Dobzhansky, Theodosius, Ayala, Francisco J., Stebbins, G. Ledyard and Valentine, James. Evolution. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1978.

Evolution. A Scientific American Book. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1978.

Gould, Stephen Jay. Ever Since Darwin: Reflections on Natural History. New York: W.W. Norton, 1977.

Handler, Philip (ed.). Biology and the Future of Man. Committee on Science and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Huxley, Julian. New Bottles for New Wine: Essays. London: Chatto and Windus, 1957.

Kennedy, D. (ed.). Cellular and Organismal Biology. A Scientific American Book. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1974.

*Kornberg, A. DNA Replication. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1980.

*Miller, S.L. and Orgel, L. The Origins of Life on Earth. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1974.

Orgel, L. Origins of Life. New York: Wiley, 1973.

*Roemer, A.S. “Major Steps in Vertebrate Evolution.” Science, Vol. 158, p. 1629, 1967.

*Roland, Jean Claude. Atlas of Cell Biology. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977.

Sagan, Carl. “Life.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1970 and later printings.

*Sagan, Carl and Salpeter, E.E. “Particles, Environments and Hypothetical Ecologies in the Jovian Atmosphere.” Astrophysical Journal Supplement, Vol. 32, p. 737, 1976.

Simpson, G.G. The Meaning of Evolution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960.

Thomas, Lewis. Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher. New York: Bantam Books, 1974.

*Watson, J.D. Molecular Biology of the Gene. New York: W.A. Benjamin, 1965.

Wilson, E.O., Eisner, T., Briggs, W.R., Dickerson, R.E., Metzenberg, R.L., O’Brien, R.D., Susman, M., and Boggs, W.E. Life on Earth. Stamford: Sinauer Associates, 1973.

CHAPTER 3

Abell, George and Singer, B. (eds.) Science and the Paranormal. New York: Scribner’s, 1980.

*Beer, A. (ed.). Vistas in Astronomy: Kepler, Vol. 18. London: Pergamon Press, 1975.

Caspar, Max. Kepler. London: Abelard-Schuman, 1959.

Cumont, Franz. Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans. New York: Dover, 1960.

Koestler, Arthur. The Sleepwalkers. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1963.

Krupp, E.C. (ed.). In Search of Ancient Astronomies. New York: Doubleday, 1978.

Pannekoek, Anton. A History of Astronomy. London: George Allen, 1961.

Rey, H.A. The Stars: A New Way to See Them, third edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.

Rosen, Edward. Kepler’s Somnium. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Standen, A. Forget Your Sun Sign. Baton Rouge: Legacy, 1977.

Vivian, Gordon and Raiter, Paul. The Great Kivas of Chaco Canyon. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1965.

CHAPTER 4

Chapman, C. The Inner Planets. New York: Scribner’s, 1977.

Charney, J.G. (ed.). Carbon Dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1979.

Cross, Charles A. and Moore, Patrick. The Atlas of Mercury. New York: Crown Publishers, 1977.

*Delsemme, A.H. (ed.). Comets, Asteroids, Meteorites. Toledo: University of Ohio Press, 1977.

Ehrlich, Paul R., Ehrlich, Anne H. and Holden, John P. Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1977.

*Dunne, James A. and Burgess, Eric. The Voyage of Mariner 10. NASA SP-424. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

*El-Baz, Farouk. “The Moon After Apollo.” Icarus, Vol. 25, p. 495, 1975.

Goldsmith, Donald (ed.). Scientists Confront Velikovsky. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1977.

Kaufmann, William J. Planets and Moons. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.

*Keldysh, M.V. “Venus Exploration with the Venera 9 and Venera 10 Spacecraft.” Icarus, Vol. 30, p. 605, 1977.

*Kresak, L. “The Tunguska Object: A Fragment of Comet Encke?” Bulletin of the Astronomical Institute of Czechoslovakia, Vol. 29, p. 129, 1978.

Krinov, E.L. Giant Meteorites. New York: Pergamon Press, 1966.

Lovelock, L. Gaia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

*Marov, M. Ya. “Venus: A Perspective at the Beginning of Planetary Exploration.” Icarus, Vol. 16, p. 115, 1972.

Masursky, Harold, Colton, C.W. and El-Baz, Farouk (eds.). Apollo Over the Moon: A View from Orbit. NASA SP-362. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

*Mulholland, J.D. and Calame, O. “Lunar Crater Giordano Bruno: AD 1178 Impact Observations Consistent with Laser Ranging Results.” Science, Vol. 199, p. 875, 1978.

*Murray, Bruce and Burgess, Eric. Flight to Mercury. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

*Murray, Bruce, Greeley, R. and Malin, M. Earthlike Planets. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1980.

Nicks, Oran W. (ed.). This Island Earth. NASA SP250. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970.

Oberg, James. “Tunguska: Collision with a Comet.” Astronomy, Vol. 5, No. 12, p. 18, December 1977.

*Pioneer Venus Results. Science, Vol. 203, No. 4382, p. 743, February 23, 1979.

*Pioneer Venus Results. Science, Vol. 205, No. 4401, p. 41, July 6, 1979.

Press, Frank and Siever, Raymond. Earth, second edition. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1978.

Ryan, Peter and Pesek, L. Solar System. New York: Viking, 1979.

*Sagan, Carl, Toon, O.B. and Pollack, J.B. “Anthropogenic Albedo Changes and the Earth’s Climate.” Science, Vol. 206, p. 1363, 1979.

Short, Nicholas M., Lowman, Paul D., Freden, Stanley C. and Finsh, William A. Mission to Earth: LANDSAT Views the World. NASA SP-360. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Skylab Explores the Earth. NASA SP-380. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

The Solar System. A Scientific American Book. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1975.

Urey, H.C. “Cometary Collisions in Geological Periods.” Nature, Vol. 242, p. 32, March 2, 1973.

Vitaliano, Dorothy B. Legends of the Earth. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973.

*Whipple, F.L. Comets. New York: John Wiley, 1980.

CHAPTER 5

*American Geophysical Union. Scientific Results of the Viking Project. Reprinted from the Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 82, p. 3959, 1977.

Batson, R.M., Bridges, T.M. and Inge, J.L. Atlas of Mars: The 1:5,000,000 Map Series. NASA SP-438. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

Bradbury, Ray, Clarke, Arthur C., Murray, Bruce, Sagan, Carl, and Sullivan, Walter. Mars and the Mind of Man. New York: Harper and Row, 1973.

Burgess, Eric. To the Red Planet. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

Gerster, Georg. Grand Design: The Earth from Above. New York: Paddington Press, 1976.

Glasstone, Samuel. Book of Mars. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968.

Goddard, Robert H. Autobiography. Worcester, Mass.: A.J. St. Onge, 1966.

*Goddard, Robert H. Papers. Three volumes. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970.

Hartmann, W.H. and Raper, O. The New Mars: The Discoveries of Mariner 9. NASA SP-337. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Hoyt, William G. Lowell and Mars. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1976.

Lowell, Percival. Mars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1896.

Lowell, Percival. Mars and Its Canals. New York: Macmillan, 1906.

Lowell, Percival. Mars as an Abode of Life. New York: Macmillan, 1908.

Mars as Viewed by Mariner 9. NASA SP-329. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Morowitz, Harold. The Wine of Life. New York: St. Martin’s, 1979.

*Mutch, Thomas A., Arvidson, Raymond E., Head, James W., Jones, Kenneth L. and Saunders, R. Stephen. The Geology of Mars. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

*Pittendrigh, Colin S., Vishniac, Wolf and Pearman, J.P.T. (eds.). Biology and the Exploration of Mars. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, 1966.

The Martian Landscape. Viking Lander Imaging Team, NASA SP-425. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

*Viking 1 Mission Results. Science, Vol 193, No. 4255, August 1976.

*Viking 1 Mission Results. Science, Vol 194, No. 4260, October 1976.

*Viking 2 Mission Results. Science, Vol. 194, No. 4271, December 1976.

*“The Viking Mission and the Question of Life on Mars.” Journal of Molecular Evolution, Vol. 14, Nos. 1–3. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, December 1979.

Wallace, Alfred Russel. Is Mars Habitable? London: Macmillan, 1907.

Washburn, Mark. Mars At Last! New York: G.P. Putnam, 1977.

CHAPTER 6

*Alexander, A.F.O. The Planet Saturn. New York: Dover, 1980.

Bell, Arthur E. Christiaan Huygens and the Development of Science in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Longman’s Green, 1947.

Dobell, Clifford. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek and His “Little Animals.” New York: Russell and Russell, 1958.

Duyvendak, J.J.L. China’s Discovery of Africa. London: Probsthain, 1949.

*Gehrels, T. (ed.). Jupiter: Studies of the Interior, Atmosphere, Magnetosphere and Satellites. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1976.

Haley, K.H. The Dutch in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1972.

Huizinga, Johan. Dutch Civilization in the Seventeenth Century. New York: F. Ungar, 1968.

*Hunten, Donald (ed.). The Atmosphere of Titan. NASA SP-340. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973.

*Hunten, Donald and Morrison, David (eds.). The Saturn System. NASA Conference Publication 2068. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

Huygens, Christiaan. The Celestial Worlds Discover’d: Conjectures Concerning the Inhabitants, Planets and Productions of the Worlds in the Planets. London: Timothy Childs, 1798.

*“First Scientific Results from Voyager 1.” Science, Vol. 204, No. 4396, June 1, 1979.

*“First Scientific Results from Voyager 2.” Science, Vol. 206, No. 4421, p. 927, November 23, 1979.

Manuel, Frank E. A Portrait of Isaac Newton. Washington: New Republic Books, 1968.

Morrison, David and Samz, Jane. Voyager to Jupiter. NASA SP-439. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980.

Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. 4, Part 3, pp. 468–553. New York Cambridge University Press, 1970.

*Palluconi, F.D. and Pettengill, G.H. (eds.). The Rings of Saturn. NASA SP-343. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Rimmel, Richard O., Swindell, William and Burgess, Eric. Pioneer Odyssey. NASA SP-349. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

*“Voyager 1 Encounter with Jupiter and Io.” Nature, Vol. 280, p. 727, 1979.

Wilson, Charles H. The Dutch Republic and the Civilization of the Seventeenth Century. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968.

Zumthor, Paul. Daily Life in Rembrandt’s Holland. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1962.

CHAPTER 7

Baker, Howard. Persephone’s Cave. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979.

Berendzen, Richard, Hart, Richard and Seeley, Daniel. Man Discovers the Galaxies. New York: Science History Publications, 1977.

Farrington, Benjamin. Greek Science. London: Penguin, 1953.

Finley, M.I. Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology. London: Chatto, 1980.

Frankfort, H., Frankfort, H.A., Wilson, J.A. and Jacobsen, T. Before Philosophy: The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946.

Heath, T. Aristarchus of Samos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1913.

Heidel, Alexander. The Babylonian Genesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1942.

Hodges, Henry. Technology in the Ancient World. London: Allan Lane, 1970.

Jeans, James. The Growth of Physical Science, second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1951.

Lucretius. The Nature of the Universe. New York: Penguin, 1951.

Murray, Gilbert. Five Stages of Greek Religion. New York: Anchor Books, 1952.

Russell, Bertrand. A History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1945.

Sarton, George. A History of Science, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952, 1959.

Schrödinger, Erwin. Nature and the Greeks. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954.

Vlastos, Gregory. Plato’s Universe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975.

CHAPTER 8

Barnett, Lincoln. The Universe and Dr. Einstein. New York: Sloane, 1956.

Bernstein, Jeremy. Einstein. New York: Viking, 1973.

Borden, M. and Graham, O.L. Speculations on American History. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath, 1977.

*Bussard, R.W. “Galactic Matter and Interstellar Flight.” Astronautica Acta, Vol. 6, p. 179, 1960.

Cooper, Margaret. The Inventions of Leonardo Da Vinci. New York: Macmillan, 1965.

*Dole, S.H. “Formation of Planetary Systems by Aggregation: A Computer Simulation.” Icarus, Vol. 13, p. 494, 1970.

Dyson, F.J. “Death of a Project.” [Orion.] Science, Vol. 149, p. 141, 1965.

Gamow, George. Mr. Tompkins in Paperback. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

Hart, Ivor B. Mechanical Investigations of Leonardo Da Vinci. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.

Hoffman, Banesh. Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel. New York: New American Library, 1972.

*Isaacman, R. and Sagan, Carl. “Computer Simulation of Planetary Accretion Dynamics: Sensitivity to Initial Conditions.”Icarus, Vol. 31, p. 510, 1977.

Lieber, Lillian R. and Lieber, Hugh Gray. The Einstein Theory of Relativity. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1961.

MacCurdy, Edward (ed.). Notebooks of Leonardo. Two volumes. New York: Reynal and Hitchcock, 1938.

*Martin, A.R. (ed.). “Project Daedalus: Final Report of the British Interplanetary Society Starship Study.” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Supplement, 1978.

McPhee, John A. The Curve of Binding Energy. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1974.

*Mermin, David. Space and Time and Special Relativity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.

Richter, Jean-Paul. Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci. New York: Dover, 1970.

Schlipp, Paul A. (ed.). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, third edition. Two volumes. La Salle, Ill: Open Court, 1970.

CHAPTER 9

Eddy, John A. The New Sun: The Solar Results from Skylab. NASA SP-402. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

*Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B. and Sands, M. The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1963.

Gamow, George. One, Two, Three … Infinity. New York: Bantam Books, 1971.

Kasner, Edward and Newman, James R. Mathematics and the Imagination. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1953.

Kaufmann, William J. Stars and Nebulas. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1978.

Maffei, Paolo. Monsters in the Sky. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1980.

Murdin, P. and Allen, D. Catalogue of the Universe. New York: Crown Publishers, 1979.

*Shklovskii, I.S. Stars: Their Birth, Life and Death. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1978.

Sullivan, Walter. Black Holes: The Edge of Space, The End of Time. New York: Doubleday, 1979.

Weisskopf, Victor. Knowledge and Wonder, second edition. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1979.

Excellent introductory college textbooks on astronomy include:

Abell, George. The Realm of the Universe. Philadelphia: Saunders College, 1980.

Berman, Louis and Evans, J.C. Exploring the Cosmos. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Hartmann, William K. Astronomy: The Cosmic Journey. Belmont, Cal.: Wadsworth, 1978.

Jastrow, Robert and Thompson, Malcolm H. Astronomy: Fundamentals and Frontiers, third edition. New York: Wiley, 1977.

Pasachoff, Jay M. and Kutner, M.L. University Astronomy. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1978.

Zeilik, Michael. Astronomy: The Evolving Universe. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.

CHAPTER 10

Abbott, E. Flatland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1963.

*Arp, Halton. “Peculiar Galaxies and Radio Sources.” Science, Vol. 151, p. 1214, 1966.

Bok, Bart and Bok, Priscilla. The Milky Way, fourth edition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Campbell, Joseph. The Mythic Image. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.

Ferris, Timothy. Galaxies. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1980.

Ferris, Timothy. The Red Limit: The Search by Astronomers for the Edge of the Universe. New York: William Morrow, 1977.

Gingerich, Owen (ed.). Cosmology + l. A Scientific American Book. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1977.

*Jones, B. “The Origin of Galaxies: A Review of Recent Theoretical Developments and Their Confrontation with Observation.” Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 48, p. 107, 1976.

Kaufmann, William J. Black Holes and Warped Space-Time. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.

Kaufmann, William J. Galaxies and Quasars. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.

Rothenberg, Jerome (ed.). Technicians of the Sacred. New York: Doubleday, 1968.

Silk, Joseph, The Big Bang: The Creation and Evolution of the Universe. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1980.

Sproul, Barbara C. Primal Myths: Creating the World. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.

*Stockton, A.N. “The Nature of QSO Red Shifts.” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 223, p. 747, 1978.

Weinberg, Steven. The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe. New York: Basic Books, 1977.

*White, S.D.M. and Rees, M.J. “Core Condensation in Heavy Halos: A Two-Stage Series for Galaxy Formation and Clustering.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 183, p. 341, 1978.

CHAPTER 11

Human Ancestors. Readings from Scientific American. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.

Koestler, Arthur. The Act of Creation. New York: Macmillan, 1964.

Leakey, Richard E. and Lewin, Roger. Origins. New York: Dutton, 1977.

*Lehninger, Albert L. Biochemistry. New York: Worth Publishers, 1975.

*Norris, Kenneth S. (ed.). Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

*Payne, Roger and McVay, Scott. “Songs of Humpback Whales.” Science, Vol. 173, p. 585, August 1971.

Restam, Richard M. The Brain. New York: Doubleday, 1979.

Sagan, Carl. The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. New York: Random House, 1977.

Sagan, Carl, Drake, F.D., Druyan, A., Ferris, T., Lomberg, J., and Sagan, L.S. Murmurs of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record. New York: Random House, 1978.

*Stryer, Lubert. Biochemistry. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1975.

The Brain. A Scientific American Book. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.

*Winn, Howard E. and Olla, Bori L. (eds.). Behavior of Marine Animals, Vol. 3: Cetaceans. New York: Plenum, 1979.

CHAPTER 12

Asimov, Isaac. Extraterrestrial Civilizations. New York: Fawcett, 1979.

Budge, E.A. Wallis. Egyptian Language: Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics. New York: Dover Publications, 1976.

de Laguna, Frederica. Under Mount St. Elias: History and Culture of Yacutat Tlingit. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

Emmons, G.T. The Chilkat Blanket. New York: Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History, 1907.

Goldsmith, D. and Owen, T. The Search for Life in the Universe. Menlo Park: Benjamin/Cummings, 1980.

Klass, Philip. UFO’s Explained. New York: Vintage, 1976.

Krause, Aurel. The Tlingit Indians. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1956.

La Pérouse, Jean F. de G., comte de. Voyage de la Pérouse Autour du Monde (four volumes). Paris: Imprimerie de la Republique, 1797.

Mallove, E., Forward, R.L., Paprotny, Z., and Lehmann, J. “Interstellar Travel and Communication: A Bibliography.” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Vol. 33, No. 6, 1980.

*Morrison, P., Billingham, J. and Wolfe, J. (eds.). The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. New York: Dover, 1979.

*Sagan, Carl (ed.). Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CETI). Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1973.

Sagan, Carl and Page, Thornton (eds.). UFO’s: A Scientific Debate. New York: W.W. Norton, 1974.

Shklovskii, I.S. and Sagan, Carl. Intelligent Life in the Universe. New York: Dell, 1967.

Story, Ron. The Space-Gods Revealed: A Close Look at the Theories of Erich von Daniken. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

Vaillant, George C. Aztecs of Mexico. New York: Pelican Books, 1965.

CHAPTER 13

Drell, Sidney D. and Von Hippel, Frank. “Limited Nuclear War.” Scientific American, Vol. 235, p. 2737, 1976.

Dyson, F. Disturbing the Universe. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.

Glasstone, Samuel (ed.). The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1964.

Humboldt, Alexander von. Cosmos. Five volumes. London: Bell, 1871.

Murchee, G. The Seven Mysteries of Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978.

Nathan, Otto and Norden, Heinz (eds.). Einstein on Peace. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960.

Perrin, Noel. Giving Up the Gun: Japan’s Reversion to the Sword 1543–1879. Boston: David Godine, 1979.

Prescott, James W. “Body Pleasure and the Origins of Violence.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, p. 10, November 1975.

*Richardson, Lewis F. The Statistics of Deadly Quarrels. Pittsburgh: Boxwood Press, 1960.

Sagan, Carl. The Cosmic Connection. An Extraterrestrial Perspective. New York: Doubleday, 1973.

World Armaments and Disarmament. SIPRI Yearbook, 1980 and previous years, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. New York: Crane Russak and Company, 1980 and previous years.

APPENDICES

Courant, Richard and Robbins, Herbert. What Is Mathematics? An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.