Further reading - The Apocryphal Gospels: A Very Short Introduction - Paul Foster

The Apocryphal Gospels: A Very Short Introduction - Paul Foster (2009)

Further reading

Collections of Texts

J. K. Elliott, The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993; first paperback edition 2005).

This is the most accessible and fullest one-volume collection of non-canonical New Testament texts.

E. Hennecke and W. Schneemelcher (eds.), New Testament Apocrypha, Volume One: Gospels and Related Writings; Volume Two: Writings Relating to the Apostles; Apocalypses and Related Subjects, rev. edn. (R. McL. Wilson, trans.; Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1991, 1993).

A translation into English of the standard German reference work. This is in the process of being fully revised and rewritten for a new edition.

J. M. Robinson (ed.), The Nag Hammadi Library in English, rev. edn. (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

This is the standard one-volume English translation of the Nag Hammadi texts.

A. E. Barnard, Other Early Christian Gospels: A Critical Edition of the Surviving Greek Manuscripts (LNTS 315; London: T&T Clark, 2006).

A collection of images, transcriptions, and translations of fragmentary Greek non-canonical gospel texts.

Online Resources

Useful websites include:






Treatments of Collections of Non-Canonical Texts

D. R. Cartlidge and J. K. Elliott, Art and the Christian Apocrypha (London/New York: Routledge, 2001).

J. D. Crossan, Four Other Gospels: Shadows on the Contours of Canon (Minneapolis, MN: Winston Press, 1985).

B. Ehrman, Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

J. K. Elliott, A Synopsis of the Apocryphal Nativity and Infancy Narratives (NTTS 34; Leiden: Brill, 2006).

P. Foster (ed.), The Non-Canonical Gospels (London: T&T Clark, 2008).

P. Jenkins, Hidden Gospels: How the Search for Jesus Lost Its Way (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

H.-J. Klauck, Apocryphal Gospels: An Introduction (Eng. trans.; London: T&T Clark, 2003).

H. Koester, Ancient Christian Gospels: Their History and Development (London/Philadelphia, PA: SCM/TPI, 1990).

F. Lapham, An Introduction to the New Testament Apocrypha (London: T&T Clark, 2003).

J. D. Turner and A. McGuire (eds.), The Nag Hammadi Library after Fifty Years: Proceedings of the 1995 Society of Biblical Literature Commemoration (Leiden: Brill, 1997).

Works on Individual Non-Canonical Texts

H. I. Bell and T. C. Skeat, Fragments of an Unknown Gospel and Other Early Christian Papyri (London: British Museum, 1935).

T. Chartrand-Burke, ‘The Infancy Gospel of Thomas: The Text, its Origins, and its Transmission’ (Ph.D. diss., University of Toronto, 2001).

A. D. DeConick, Recovering the Original Gospel of Thomas: A History of the Gospel and Its Growth (LNTS 286; London: T&T Clark, 2005).

The Original Gospel of Thomas in Translation, with a Commentary and New English Translation of the Complete Gospel (LNTS 287; London: T&T Clark, 2006).

The Thirteenth Apostle: What the Gospel of Judas Really Says (London: T&T Clark, 2007).

S. J. Gathercole, The Gospel of Judas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

R. F. Hock, The Infancy Gospels of James and Thomas (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge Press, 1995).

K. L. King, The Gospel of Mary of Magdala: Jesus and the First Woman Apostle (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge Press, 2003).

T. J. Kraus, Ad fontes: Original Manuscripts and Their Significance for Studying Early Christianity - Selected Essays (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

M. J. Kruger, The Gospel of the Saviour: An Analysis of P.Oxy. 840 and its Place in the Gospel Traditions of Early Christianity (TENT 1; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

S. Patterson, The Gospel of Thomas and Jesus (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1993).

C. M. Tuckett, The Gospel of Mary (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

M. L. Turner, The Gospel According to Philip: The Sources and Coherence of an Early Christian Collection (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

R. Uro, Thomas: Seeking the Historical Context of the Gospel of Thomas (London: T&T Clark, 2003).

R. Valantasis, The Gospel of Thomas (London/New York: Routledge, 1997).

R. McL. Wilson, The Gospel of Philip (London: A. R. Mowbray & Co., 1962).

Works Providing Important Background to the Non-Canonical Gospels

R. E. Brown, The Birth of the Messiah (ABRL, rev. edn.; New York: Doubleday, 1993).

W. H. C. Frend, The Rise of Christianity (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1984).

J. Jeremias, Unknown Sayings of Jesus (London: SCM, 1964).

A. H. B. Logan, The Gnostics: Identifying an Early Christian Cult (London: T&T Clark, 2006).

J. Robinson and H. Koester (eds.), Trajectories through Early Christianity (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press, 1971).