Glossary: Veterinary Medical Terms and Feline Diseases/Disorders Mentioed in the next - The Veterinarians' Guide to Your Cat's Symptoms - Michael S. Garvey, Anne E. Hohenhaus

The Veterinarians' Guide to Your Cat's Symptoms - Michael S. Garvey, Anne E. Hohenhaus (1999)

Glossary: Veterinary Medical Terms and Feline Diseases/Disorders Mentioed in the next

abdominal: Pertaining to the “ belly” cavity, containing the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys, urinary bladder, uterus, etc.

abscess: A collection of pus, usually surrounded by inflamed, damaged tissue.

acquired disease/disorder: A condition that develops after birth, as opposed to one that is present at birth (congenital).

acute: Of sudden or rapid onset, as opposed to chronic.

agenesis: Absence of an organ at birth.

alopecia: Hair loss.

analgesia: Loss of sensation of pain.

anasarca: Fluid in limbs or under the skin. Also called edema.

anemia: Low red-blood-cell count. Often caused by bleeding or chronic kidney disease. Also caused by immune-mediated diseases that destroy red blood cells (hemolytic anemia), or because bone marrow is not producing red blood cells (aplastic anemia).

anomaly: Deviation from the norm, usually congenital.

anorectic: Having anorexia. anorexia: Loss of appetite.

antibody: A protein the body will manufacture in response to a disease organism or to a vaccine. It helps fight off the disease in the future.

arthritis: Joint inflammation arthro-: Pertaining to joints.

ascites: An accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, causing abdominal swelling.

aseptic: Free of disease organisms. atrophy: Wasting away of an organ or tissue. aural: Pertaining to the ear.

autoimmune disease: A disease in which the body destroys its own tissues.

benign: A tumor or growth that is not malignant (cancerous).

bilateral: Occurring on both sides.

biopsy: Removal of small piece of tissue for microscopic examination.

brachycephalic breeds: Cats with short, pushed-in noses and protuberant eyes.

carcinoma: A cancer that arises in the tissue that lines the skin and internal organs (epithelium).

cardio-: Pertaining to the heart.

castration: Neutering of a male cat by surgical removal of the testicles.

CAT (CT) scan (computerized axial tomography; computed tomography): A specialized imaging technique using X rays. A diagnostic procedure.

cataract: Opacity of the eye lens.

catheter: Tube for insertion into a narrow opening to introduce or remove fluids.

chronic: An ongoing or recurring condition, as opposed to acute.

chylothorax: Accumulation of milky fluid in the chest cavity.

clinical signs: Signs that are able to be seen.

congenital: A condition/disease/defect present at birth, which may surface later in life. Often congenital defects are inheritable, but some are not.

conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the mucous membranes (conjunctival tissue) that line the eyes and eyelids.

cornea: Clear outer-eye covering.

crepuscular: Active at twilight and before sunrise.

Cushings syndrome: Rare in cats. An endocrine disease causing lethargy, enlarged abdomen, symmetrical hair loss, and thin, easily bruised or torn skin. May lead to diabetes mellitus. Blood tests are used for diagnosis. Medication is not very effective in cats. Surgery to remove affected adrenal gland(s) is often successful.

cutaneous: Related to the skin.

cyanosis: Bluish/purplish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes, due to lack of oxygen in the blood.

cyst: A fluid-filled sac

dehydration: A lack of water in body tissues. Symptoms include thirst, weakness, nausea, and skin with decreased elasticity.

dementia: Mental deterioration. Lack of normal “ thinking.”

dermatology: The study of diseases of the skin.

diabetes insipidus: Rare metabolic disorder due to a deficiency of a pituitary hormone, characterized by polydipsia and polyuria.

diabetes mellitus: High blood sugar due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas, or lack of insulin absorption by tissues/organs. Symptoms include

increased thirst and urination, and weight loss.

dysplasia: An abnormal development of tissue or bone.

dyspnea: Difficult breathing. dystocia: Difficult birth.

edema: Excessive accumulation of fluid in body tissue, causing swelling.

electrolytes: Ions, such as sodium and potassium, in the blood.

embolus: Blood clot formed in one location that lodges elsewhere.

encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain. encephalo-: Pertaining to the brain.

endocrinology: The study of the endocrine glands and the hormones they secrete.

enteritis: Intestinal inflammation. entero-: Pertaining to the intestines.

eosinophilic granuloma complex: A disease of unknown origin (possibly allergic) origin, causing lesions on lips, face, and mouth.

eosinophilic plaques: Raised lesions on mouth or skin, primarily abdomen and thighs.

estrous cycle: Regularly occurring heat cycle.

estrus: The actual heat period. L

FeLV: Feline leukemia virus. s

FIP (FIPV): Feline infectious peritonitis virus.

FIV: Feline immunodeficiency virus.

FLUTD: Formerly called FUS (feline urologic syndrome). Feline lower-urinary-tract disease.

FUS: See FLUTD. gastro-: Pertaining to the stomach. gingivitis: Inflamed, swollen, bleeding gums. hematoma: A blood-filled swelling.

hemobartonella: Blood parasite that can cause hemolytic anemia.

hemolytic anemia: See anemia. hepato-: Pertaining to the liver.

hereditary: A disease or disorder present at birth that can be traced back to ancestors. May surface later in life.

hydration: Balance of water in the body.

hydrothorax: Fluid around the lungs. May be blood (hemothorax), water (pleural effusion), pus (pyothorax), or chyle (chylothorax).

hyper-: An overproduction, as in hyperthyroidism.

hypercalcemia: High blood-calcium concentration.

hyperplasia: Enlargement.

hyperthyroidism: Normally caused in cats by benign thyroid tumors. Fairly common in old cats. Usually manifested by increased appetite and weight loss.

hypo-: A deficiency or underproduction, as in hypothyroidism.

hypoxia: A deficiency of oxygen in the tissues.

IBD (inflammatory bowel disease): Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the intestines, attributable to many causes. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss. Treatment consists of dietary management and some medications.

idiopathic: Of unknown cause.

immune-mediated disease: Disease caused by inappropriate overreaction of immune system.

incubation period: Time between exposure to a disease and the onset of symptoms.

interdigital: Between the toes. intra-: Within.

-itis: Inflammation of, as in hepatitis (inflammation of the liver).

jaundice: Yellow skin and mucous membranes, usually due to liver disease.

larynx: Opening of the trachea at the back of the throat.

lesion: Disease, or damage-induced tissue abnormality.

lipoma: Fatty, benign tumor.

lymphoma (lymphosarcoma): Cancer of the lymph nodes.

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): A diagnostic imaging procedure using magnets instead of X rays.

malabsorption: A condition in which the absorption of substances (vitamins and amino acids, for example) in the small intestine is reduced.

malignancy/malignant: Descriptions of a cancer that can spread (metastasize) in the body.

mastitis: Inflammation of the breast.

metastasize: Spread to other parts of the body.

metr-: Pertaining to the uterus.

mucoid: Mucuslike.

mycosis: Disease caused by fungus.

myo-: Pertaining to the muscles. myositis: Muscle inflammation. necrosis: Cell death. neoplasia: Abnormal cell growth. nephro-: Pertaining to the kidneys. neuro-: Pertaining to the nervous system. neurology: The study of the nervous system. nocturnal: Active at night.

obstipation (megacolon): Obstruction of the colon with feces.

ocular: Pertaining to the eye. -ology: The study of. oncology: The study of tumors. -opathy: Disease or malfunction of. ophthalmo-: Pertaining to the eye. oral: Pertaining to the mouth. orthopedics: The study of bones and joints. -otic; oto-: Pertaining to the ear.

overiohysterectomy (OHE,spay): Neutering of a female cat by surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus.

pancreat-: Pertaining to the pancreas. perianal: Near or around the anus.

peritonitis: Inflammation of membranes lining the abdominal cavity.

pharynx: Back of the throat leading to the esophagus.

pica: Eating of unnatural or harmful substances (e.g., wool).

pneumo-; pulmono-: Pertaining to the lungs.

pneumothorax: Air in the chest cavity causing lungs to collapse.

poly-: Excessive.

polycythemia: Excessive number of red blood cells.

polydipsia: Increased, excessive thirst. polyuria: Increased, excessive urination. pruritus: Itching.

psychogenic: Having an origin in the mind, behavioral.

pulmonary: Related to the lungs.

pupil: Circular opening in the center of the iris, through which light enters the eye lens.

purulent: Containing pus.

pyo-: Pus in, as in pyometra.

pyothorax: Accumulation of pus in the chest cavity.

queen: Female cat that has kittens.

renal: Relating to the kidneys.

rodent ulcer: See eosinophilic granuloma.

sarcoma: Malignant tumor of body tissue cells.

shock: See Box, p. 55.

squamous cell carcinoma: Malignant skin

tumor in squamous cell (outermost) layer of the skin.

stenosis: Narrowing, as of the spinal canal. thoracic: Pertaining to the chest cavity. thrombosis: Condition caused by blood clots. thrombus: A blood clot. tomcat: An unneutered adult male cat. toxic: Poisonous.

trachea (windpipe): Tube that connects the mouth to the bronchi, which branch to the lungs.

trauma: A sudden physical injury. URI: Upper respiratory infection.

ultrasound: Study of body’ s interior using sound waves. A diagnostic procedure.

unilateral: Occurring on one side.

uremia: Buildup of poisons in the bloodstream due to kidney failure.

urethra: Tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder.

vascular: Pertaining to blood vessels.

vertebrae: One of the bones of the spine and tail.

vestibular: Pertaining to the organ of balance, which is controlled by the inner ear and brain.

vulva: Female external genitalia.