Clinton in Exile: A President Out of the White House - Carol Felsenthal (2008)

NOTES

The following abbreviations are used throughout:

A D-G Arkansas Democrat-Gazette

AP Associated Press

BG The Boston Globe

C S-T Chicago Sun-Times

CT The Chicago Tribune

LAT The Los Angeles Times

NYDN The New York Daily News

NY mag New York magazine

NYob New York Observer

NYP The New York Post

NYT The New York Times

NYT mag The New York Times Magazine

NYer The New Yorker

NW Newsweek

VF Vanity Fair

WSJ The Wall Street Journal

WP The Washington Post

Chapter 1 OH, FOR JUST ONE MORE TERM

1. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006; David Schulte, Interview with author, September 8, 2006; Neil Hartigan, Interview with author, November 28, 2006.

2. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 262.

3. Jim Guy Tucker, Interview with author, November 13, 2006.

4. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

5. Transcript of Democratic National Committee dinner remarks, June 30, 1999, Chicago.

6. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

7.Noemie Emery, “Days of Their Lives: The Hillary and Bill Show, America’s Longest-Running Soap Opera,” Weekly Standard, June 4, 2007.

8. Burt and Carol Stringfellow, “Hatch Helped Our Son,” Salt Lake Tribune, July 26, 2006; Rocky Anderson, Interview with author, October 20, 2006.

9. Rocky Anderson, Interview with author, October 20, 2006.

10. Jack Quinn, Interviews with author, February 1, 2007, February 13, 2007, March 1, 2007.

11. Editorial, “Geffen and Clinton,” New York Sun, February 22, 2007.

12. Jack Quinn, Interviews with author, February 1, 2007, February 13, 2007, March 1, 2007; Stephen Braun and Dan Morain, “Famous Allies Were Often at Odds; David Geffen Shocked Many by Speaking Out Against Hillary Clinton. But He and Bill Clinton Had a Rocky Friendship,” LAT, March 4, 2007; Editorial, “The Democratic Field,” WSJ, January 20, 2007; Alison Leigh Cowan, “Panel Says Top Justice Dept. Aide Held Information on Rich’s Pardon,” NYT, March 13, 2002; Amy Goldstein and Susan Schmidt, “Clinton’s Last-Day Clemency Benefits 176; List Includes Pardons for Cisneros, McDougal, Deutch and Roger Clinton,” WP, January 21, 2001.

13. Jack Quinn, Interviews with author, February 1, 2007, February 13, 2007, March 1, 2007.

14. Ibid.

15. Ibid; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 448.

16. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 271; Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

17. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

18. Bill Miller, “Clinton Administration Delays in Issuing Pardons; Debate Over McDougal Holds Up Announcement,” WP, January 20, 2001.

19. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

20. John F. Harris, “‘We Did a Lot of Good’; The Clintons Depart for a Radically New Life in New York,” WP, January 21, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 449.

21. Amy Goldstein and Susan Schmidt, “Clinton’s Last-Day Clemency Benefits 176; List Includes Pardons for Cisneros, McDougal, Deutch and Roger Clinton,” WP, January 21, 2001.

22. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

23. Marjorie Williams, “Scenes from a Marriage (Bill Clinton and Al Gore),” in The Woman at the Washington Zoo: Writings on Politics, Family, and Fate, edited by Timothy Noah, Public Affairs, 2005, p. 134.

24. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

25. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006; Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007.

26. Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007; Lynn Cutler, Interviews with author, June 22, 2006, June 29, 2006.

27. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006; Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007; Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006; Joe Power, Interview with author, August 14, 2006; Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

28. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

29. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006; Tim Russert Conversations (with Sally Bedell Smith), MSNBC, October 28, 2007.

30. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007.

31. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

32. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

33. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

34. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

35. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

36. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

37. Joe Power, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

38. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

39. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

40. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

41. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

42. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

43. Ibid.

44. Richard L. Berke and Katharine Q. Seelye, “The 2000 Campaign: The Vice President; In Latest Shift, Gore’s Campaign Names New Chief,” NYT, June 16, 2000.

45. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

46. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006; David Plotz, “Larry Summers,” Slate, June 30, 2001.

47. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

48. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

49. John Catsimatidis, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

50. Lee Hockstader, “Clinton Bids Farewell to Israelis and Palestinians; Letters Ask Each to Push for Peace,” WP, January 20, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007.

51. John F. Harris, “‘We Did a Lot of Good’; The Clintons Depart for a Radically New Life in New York,” WP, January 21, 2001; Dan Morgan and Amy Goldstein, “Racing the Clock with New Regulations; Clinton Administration Scrambles in Final Hours to Get Rules into Register,” WP, January 20, 2001.

52. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

53. Richard W. Stevenson, “The Inauguration: The Agenda; To Do: 1. Undo Most Recent Actions of My Predecessor,” NYT, January 21, 2001.

54. Bill Daley (earlier interview for Chicago magazine profile, February 2005).

55. Phil Ross, Interview with author, October 9, 2006; Mark Evans, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

56. George McGovern, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

57. Gina Piccalo, “A Glamorous Drug, an Illness, a Very Public Battle; In the Strange Trial of Irena Medavoy Versus Botox, Nobody Is Left Looking Perfect,” LAT, September 22, 2004; Irena Medavoy, Interviews with author, October 23, 2006, October 25, 2006; Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

58. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

59. Phil Stefani, Interview with author, August 15, 2006.

60. Ibid.

61. “President’s Visit,” C S-T, January 9, 2001; Eric Holder, Interview with author, December 5, 2006.

62. Sabrina L. Miller, “Clinton Last Hurrah Roaring in Chicago; In the Waning Days of His Presidency, Bill Clinton Returns to His Kind of Town for a Love Fest,” CT, January 10, 2001.

63. Paul McGrath, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

64. Scott Fornek and Abdon M. Pallasch, “Thank You from the Bottom of Our Hearts,” C S-T, January 10, 2001.

65. Rick Kogan, Interview with author, May 26, 2006.

66. Richard Roeper, “President Makes Time to Talk Running Times,” C S-T, January 11, 2001.

67. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

68. Anne-Marie O’Connor, “Hollywood Patrons Beset by Politicians; Finance: Candidates from Throughout the Nation Seek Out Celebrities’ Star Power to Raise Campaign Funds,” LAT, February 24, 2002.

69. Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 446.

70. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 254; John F. Harris and Bill Miller, “In a Deal, Clinton Avoids Indictment; President Admits False Testimony,” WP, January 20, 2001; Peter Baker, “Clinton Settles Paula Jones Lawsuit for $850,000,” WP, November 14, 1998.

Chapter 2 THE BEST HOUSE

1. John F. Harris and Bill Miller, “In a Deal, Clinton Avoids Indictment; President Admits False Testimony,” WP, January 20, 2001.

2. “The Inauguration; Excerpt from Clinton Radio Address. Following Are Excerpts from President Clinton’s Radio Address Yesterday, His Last as President, as Released by the White House,” NYT, January 21, 2001; John F. Harris, “‘We Did a Lot of Good’; The Clintons Depart for a Radically New Life in New York,” WP, January 21, 2001; Tom Shales, “Commander in Chief of the Small Screen,” WP, January 20, 2001; Mike Allen and Edward Walsh, “Bush Calls for Unity, Civility; Texan Sworn in as the Nation’s 43rd President,” WP, January 21, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 450.

3. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

4. Katharine Q. Seelye, “The Inauguration: The Departure; Gore Takes a Last Bow with Grace and Relief,” NYT, January 21, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 450.

5. Melinda A. Henneberger, “The Inauguration: The Speech; In His Address, Bush Lingers on a Promise to Care,” NYT, January 21, 2001.

6. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

7. Ibid.; Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

8. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

9. Adam Nagourney, “The Inauguration: The Departing President; After ‘Ride of My Life,’ Clinton Is Sentimental,” NYT, January 21, 2001.

10. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 256; Adam Nagourney, “The Inauguration: The Departing President; After ‘Ride of My Life,’ Clinton Is Sentimental,” NYT, January 21, 2001; John F. Harris, “‘We Did a Lot of Good’; The Clintons Depart for a Radically New Life in New York,” WP, January 21, 2001.

11. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

12. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

13. Ibid.

14. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

15. Tom Shales, “Misty Eyes Through TV’s Misty Lens,” WP, January 21, 2001.

16. Mickey Ibarra, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

17. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

18. Ibid.; Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

19. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

20. Rocky Anderson, Interview with author, October 20, 2006; Mickey Ibarra, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

21. Stan Brand, Interview with author, September 13, 2006; Amy Goldstein and Susan Schmidt, “Clinton’s Last-Day Clemency Benefits 176; List Includes Pardons for Cisneros, McDougal, Deutch and Roger Clinton,” WP, January 21, 2001; Jim Guy Tucker, Interview with author, November 13, 2006.

22. Susan Schmidt, “White House Ordered to Surrender Lawyers’ Notes; Appeal Planned of Ruling That Whitewater Discussions with First Lady Are Not Privileged,” WP, May 3, 1997; Sharon LaFraniere, “Records List Hubbell White House Visits; Former Official Saw Clintons Four Times After Resigning Justice Post,” WP, May 3, 1997.

23. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006; “Bush Bows Out; ‘Mr. and Mrs. Citizen’ Fly Home to Houston,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 21, 1993; William E. Clayton Jr., Jo Ann Zuniga, and Stefanie Asin, “The Clinton Inauguration; ‘This Is Our Time,’ Clinton Says; Bush: ‘It’s Been One Helluva Ride’; Ex-President Says Goodbye to D.C., Hello to Houston,” Houston Chronicle, January 21, 1993.

24. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

25. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 259; Dana Milbank, “An Orderly—and Uncomfortable—Power Transfer,” WP, January 21, 2001; Tom Shales, “Misty Eyes Through TV’s Misty Lens,” WP, January 21, 2001; John F. Harris, “‘We Did a Lot of Good’; The Clintons Depart for a Radically New Life in New York,” WP, January 21, 2001.

26. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

27. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Adam Nagourney, “His Perks and Power Gone, Clinton Faces Storm Alone,” NYT, March 1, 2001; Susan Baer, “Hillary’s World,” Washingtonian, April 2007; AP, “Clintons’ Neighbors Shot Near Home, Disbarred Lawyer, Teacher Are Forced Off Road and Shot En Route from NYC,” November 20, 2006.

28. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

29. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

30. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

31. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

32. Joanna Coles, “Private Life, Public Fiasco,” Times (London), February 21, 2001.

33. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

34. Joanna Coles, “Private Life, Public Fiasco,” Times (London), February 21, 2001.

35. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 452.

36. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

37. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

38. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

39. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

40. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

41. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

42. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

43. Ibid.

44. Ibid.

45. Mary McGrory, “Bush’s Inadvertent Benefactors,” WP, January 25, 2001.

46. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

47. Transcript, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, NBC, January 25, 2001.

48. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

49. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

50. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p.269.

51. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

52. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

53. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, pp. 53, 352.

54. Amy Goldstein and Susan Schmidt, “Clinton’s Last-Day Clemency Benefits 176; List Includes Pardons for Cisneros, McDougal, Deutch and Roger Clinton,” WP, January 21, 2001; Christopher Spencer, “Starr Expresses Regret Clinton Inquiry Grew; Harding Lecture Focuses on Presidential Election,” A D-G, April 21, 2001.

55. Ibid.

56. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

57. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

58. Mary Leonard, Susan Milligan, and Wayne Washington, “Clinton Exit Gives Party Shudders,” BG, January 31, 2001.

59. Peter Slevin and George Lardner Jr., “Rush of Clinton Pardons Unusual in Scope, Lack of Scrutiny,” WP, as reprinted in South Bend Tribune, March 11, 2001.

60. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; Editorial, “Between Two Eras,” NYT, February 11, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 437.

61. Jack Quinn, Interview with author, February 1, 2007.

62. Eric Holder, Interview with author, December 5, 2006.

63. Scott Shane, “As Trial Begins, Cheney’s Ex-Aide Is Still a Puzzle,” NYT, January 17, 2007.

64. Jack Quinn, Interviews with author, February 1, 2007, February 13, 2007, March 1, 2007.

65. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

66. Peter Slevin and George Lardner Jr., “Rush of Clinton Pardons Unusual in Scope, Lack of Scrutiny,” WP, as reprinted in South Bend Tribune, March 11, 2001.

67. Alison Leigh Cowan, “Panel Says Top Justice Dept. Aide Held Information on Rich’s Pardon,” NYT, March 13, 2002; Mike Dorning, “Obama’s Policy Team Loaded with All-Stars,” CT, September 17, 2007.

68. Alison Leigh Cowan, “Panel Says Top Justice Dept. Aide Held Information on Rich’s Pardon,” NYT, March 13, 2002.

69. Eric Holder, Interview with author, December 5, 2006.

70. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous; Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

71. John Catsimatidis, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

72. Jack Quinn, Interviews with author, February 1, 2007, February 13, 2007, March 1, 2007.

73. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

74. Jim Guy Tucker, Interview with author, November 13, 2006.

75. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

76. Al Kamen, “One Uninsured Group Can Now Exhale,” WP, January 31, 2007.

77. Bill Clinton, My Life, Knopf, 2004, pp. 941–942.

78. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

79. Ibid.

80. Ibid.

81. Ibid.

82. Ibid.

83. Ibid.

84. Ibid.

85. Editorial, “Between Two Eras,” NYT, February 11, 2001.

86. Transcript, Lester Holt, MSNBC, February 16, 2001.

87. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous; Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 262.

88. Janis Kearney, Interview with author, September 15, 2006.

89. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

90. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

91. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

92. Ibid.

93. Scott Jacobs, “Unchecked Baggage; Too Many Anonymous Sources and Little Insight Make for Weak Clinton-Bashing Attempt,” C S-T, April 15, 2007.

94. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

95. Joe Power, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

96. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

97. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006.

98. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

99. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

100. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

101. Mary Voboril, “Will NY Always Love Him?; Ex-Prez’ Affection for City Is Mutual,” Newsday, February 12, 2001.

102. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

103. Adam Nagourney, “His Perks and Power Gone, Clinton Faces Storm Alone,” NYT, March 1, 2001.

104. Bob Kerrey, Interviews with author, July 5, 2006, July 24, 2006.

105. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 355.

106. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 24, 2006.

107. Ibid.; John E. Harris, The Survivor, Random House, 2005, pp. 90–92.

108. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

*Asked by a reporter, “Why do politicians lie?” Kerrey answered, “All healthy human beings lie to a certain extent…. It’s true that politicians are prone to tell the truth…less often…. Take Bill Clinton, he’s an unusually good liar…. It was right after he had gone to Texas and given that talk to people in which he said that he didn’t really want to raise taxes, but…Congress made him do it.” Kerrey adds, “There’s a sense in which I meant it as a compliment. I think a president who is a one-hundred-percent truth teller is not [a person] I want as president.”109

109.Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 24, 2006.

110. Lloyd Grove, “The Reliable Source,” WP, February 6, 2001.

111. Elizabeth Kolbert, “Senator Bob Kerrey Brings His Enigmatic Ways to New York,” NYer, March 5, 2001; Dana Kennedy, “Bob Kerrey, New New Yorker,” NYT, May 5, 2002; e-mail to the author from Elizabeth Kolbert, July 16, 2006; Bob Kerrey, Interviews with author, July 5, 2006, July 24, 2006.

112. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

*Sorensen says that, postpresidency, Kennedy also would have been interested in being “secretary of state in Robert Kennedy’s administration,” or publisher of a “major newspaper.”113

113. Ibid.

114. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

115. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

116. Nelson Shanks, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

*Shanks was promoted for the commission by his patron Beth Dozoretz, a friend of Denise Rich’s. Dozoretz was known for her energetic fund-raising for the Democrats, and for pushing Clinton to pardon Marc Rich.117

117.Ibid.

118. Ibid.

119. Michael Kranish, “Clinton, Act Two; The Former President’s Speech at Salem State Tomorrow Is Part of a Campaign to Repair His Image, Raise Millions of Dollars, and Establish a Legacy,” BG, March 25, 2001.

120. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

121. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

122. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

123. John Balzar, “Victory Seen But Not Inspiration; Democrats Opting for Prosaic Competence,” LAT, July 21, 1988; Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001, pp. 193–194.

124. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

125. Tom Shales, “The Numb and the Restless,” WP, July 21, 1988; Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001.

126. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

127. “From Doghouse to White House?” AP, July 31, 1988.

128. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

129. John Emerson, Interviews with author, September 20, 2006, September 22, 2006.

130. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

131. Bill Simmons, Interview with author, August 24, 2006.

132. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

133. From news services, “Republicans Seek New Probes of Clinton,” WP, February 2, 2001; Charles Krauthammer, “The Presidential Corruption Index,” WP, February 2, 2001.

134. Charles V. Bagli with Marc Lacey, “Criticized on Office Rent, Clinton Looks to Harlem,” NYT, February 13, 2001.

135. Mary Voboril, “Will NY Always Love Him?; Ex-Prez’ Affection for City Is Mutual,” Newsday, February 12, 2001.

136. From news services, “Republicans Seek New Probes of Clinton,” WP, February 2, 2001.

137. Elisabeth Bumiller, “Deal Allows Clinton to Lease Space He Wants in Harlem,” NYT, February 17, 2001.

138. Joanna Coles, “Private Life, Public Fiasco,” Times (London), February 21, 2001.

139. Patrick Healy, “Clinton’s Talks with Democrats May Signal ’08 Bid,” NYT, December 3, 2006.

140. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

141. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

142. Joe Power, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

143. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

144. Elisabeth Bumiller, “Deal Allows Clinton to Lease Space He Wants in Harlem,” NYT, February 17, 2001.

145. Ibid.

146. Elisabeth Bumiller and Dexter Filkins, “Snag in Clinton’s Office Plan: Giuliani Stakes Claim to Space,” NYT, February 14, 2001.

147. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

148. Jonathan Alter, “Citizen Clinton Up Close,” NW, April 8, 2002.

149. Charles V. Bagli with Marc Lacey, “Criticized on Office Rent, Clinton Looks to Harlem,” NYT, February 13, 2001.

150. Elisabeth Bumiller and Dexter Filkins, “Snag in Clinton’s Office Plan: Giuliani Stakes Claim to Space,” NYT, February 14, 2001.

151. Ibid.

152. Ibid.

153. Joanna Coles, “Private Life, Public Fiasco,” Times (London), February 21, 2001.

154. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

155. Jonathan Alter, “Citizen Clinton Up Close,” NW, April 8, 2002.

156. Bill Clinton, “A Man Called Hope,” VF, July 2007.

157. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

158. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

159. Adam Nagourney, “His Perks and Power Gone, Clinton Faces Storm Alone,” NYT, March 1, 2001; David D. Kirkpatrick, “Publisher Will Pay Clinton Over $10 Million for Book,” NYT, August 7, 2001.

160. “Earthquake Strikes India, Killing Thousands,” NYT, January 28, 2001; Celia W. Dugger, “A Faint Voice in the Rubble, and a 5-Day Ordeal Is Ended,” NYT, February 1, 2001; John F. Burns, “In Quake, Unity Overcame Diversity,” NYT, February 10, 2001.

161. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006; Michael Kranish, “Clinton, Act Two; The Former President’s Speech at Salem State Tomorrow Is Part of a Campaign to Repair His Image, Raise Millions of Dollars, and Establish a Legacy,” BG, March 25, 2001.

162. Raymond C. Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 20, 2006; Karen Tumulty, cover story, “The Incredible Shrinking Ex-President: How Can We Miss You If You Never Go Away?; Smelly Pardons, Expensive Gifts, Deluxe Offices—Is This Any Way for a Former President to Behave?” Time, February 26, 2001.

163. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007; Bill Clinton, “A Man Called Hope,” VF, July 2007.

164. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

165. Rob Karwath and Daniel Egler, “14.5% State Pay Hike Proposed; Governor Would Make $106,839,” CT, April 26, 1990.

166. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007.

167. “In a Deal, Clinton Avoids Indictment; President Admits False Testimony,” WP, January 20, 2001.

168. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

169. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, pp. 180, 187.

170. Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

171. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

172. Amy Archerd, “Just for Variety,” Daily Variety, February 15, 2001.

173. John E. Harris, The Survivor, Random House, 2005, p. 223.

174. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

175. From news services, “Republicans Seek New Probes of Clinton,” WP, February 2, 2001.

176. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

177. Michael Kranish, “Clinton, Act Two; The Former President’s Speech at Salem State Tomorrow Is Part of a Campaign to Repair His Image, Raise Millions of Dollars, and Establish a Legacy,” BG, March 25, 2001.

178. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

179. Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

180. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

181. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

182. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

183. John R. Emshwiller, “Burkle v. Follieri Offers a Window on Ugly Breakup,” WSJ, June 14, 2007.

184. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007; Devlin Barrett, “Bill Clinton Made $10 Million for Talks,” AP, June 14, 2007; “United States Senate Financial Disclosure Report for Annual and Termination Reports,” 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006.

185. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007.

186. Michael Kranish, “Clinton, Act Two; The Former President’s Speech at Salem State Tomorrow Is Part of a Campaign to Repair His Image, Raise Millions of Dollars, and Establish a Legacy,” BG, March 25, 2001.

187. Mike Cherry, Interview with author, May 14, 2006.

188. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

189. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

190. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007.

191. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

192. David Saperstein, Interview with author, September 26, 2006.

193. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007.

194. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

195. Al Kamen, “A Red Light, a Peephole and a Whisper,” WP, March 26, 2001.

196. David Abel, “Clinton, Eyeing Legacy, Basks in Salem Spotlight,” BG, March 27, 2001.

197. Michael Kranish, “Clinton, Act Two; The Former President’s Speech at Salem State Tomorrow Is Part of a Campaign to Repair His Image, Raise Millions of Dollars, and Establish a Legacy,” BG, March 25, 2001.

198. Joe Fitzgerald, “Three Integrity-Touting Figures Are Just Big Fakes,” Boston Herald, March 28, 2001.

199. David R. Guarino and Joe Battenfeld, “Clinton Casts Spell on Salem State Crowd,” Boston Herald, March 27, 2001.

200. Ellen Warren and Terry Armour, “INC: Fundraiser Takes Off While Travel Agency’s Up in Air,” CT, June 15, 2001.

201. Roger Ebert (earlier interview for Chicago magazine profile, December 2005).

202. Phil Stefani, Interview with author, August 15, 2006; Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

Chapter 3 GETTING SERIOUS, STUDYING THE LEGACY OF JIMMY CARTER

1. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007; Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006; Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006; Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

2. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

3. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 24, 2006.

4. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

5. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

6. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006.

7. Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006.

8. Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, p. 354; Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 35.

9. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

10. Bill Simmons, Interview with author, August 24, 2006.

11. Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001, p. 191.

12. Bill Simmons, Interview with author, August 24, 2006.

13. Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006.

14. Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001.

15. Alessandra Stanley, “On Tour with Jimmy Carter; Worlds of Advice, Bittersweet,” NYT, January 14, 1993; Anne E. Kornblut and John M. Broder, “The Ex-Presidents’ Club Bids a Member Goodbye,” NYT, January 3, 2007.

16. Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001, p. 199.

17. Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, p. 369.

18. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous; Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day: A Memoir, Pocketbooks, 2001, pp. 199–200.

19. Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006.

20. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

21. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

22. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006; Playboy, November 1976.

23. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

24. Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998.

*Clinton called Gerald Ford during the darkest hours of the Monica Lewinsky crisis and asked for, but did not take, his advice: “Bill, you’ve got to be straightforward with the people on this. Because it’s not going to go away.” Ford told Mark Updegrove that Clinton had told him that the Lewinsky charges were all a lie. “He’s sick—he’s got an addiction,” Ford told New York Daily News Washington Bureau chief Thomas M. DeFrank in 1999, in off-the-record-until-his-death conversations. Betty Ford, who battled addictions to drugs and alcohol, agreed that Clinton was a sex addict but concluded that he would never seek treatment because he was in denial. Ford added that Clinton had “already damaged his presidency beyond repair.” In other conversations with DeFrank, Ford, who enjoyed Clinton’s company, opined that Clinton’s sex addiction “affects his judgment.” Ford was particularly troubled by the Marc Rich pardon which he called “unconscionable.” Ford reflected on Clinton’s character: “He’s a very talented guy, but he has no convictions—none whatsoever.”25

25.Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006; Thomas M. DeFrank, Write It When I’m Gone, Putnam, 2007, pp. 132, 138–139.

26. Anne E. Kornblut and John M. Broder, “The Ex-Presidents’ Club Bids a Member Goodbye,” NYT, January 3, 2007.

27. Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, p. 497.

28. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006; Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, p. 364.

29. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

30. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

31. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

32. Bob Douglas, “Democrats in Trouble, and the Pardons Are Just the Half of It,” editorial, A D-G, February 25, 2001.

33. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

34. Peter Osnos, The Century Foundation.

35. Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, p. 476; Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006.

36. Nick Paumgarten, “Here to There Jimmy Carter Aloft,” “Talk of the Town,” NYer, December 11, 2006; Jody Powell, Interview with author, December 7, 2006.

37. Bob Thompson, “Peace Provocateur Jimmy Carter’s New Hammer? It Looks an Awful Lot Like a Book,” WP, December 10, 2006; Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize, Viking/Penguin, 1998, pp. 475–476.

38. Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006.

39. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

40. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

41. Alexander Chancellor, “Footnote,” Daily Telegraph (London), August 8, 2001.

42. Jim Rutenberg and David D. Kirkpatrick, “Timing of Clinton Memoir Is Everything, for Kerry,” NYT, April 13, 2004; Virginia Kelley, with James Morgan, Leading With My Heart, Simon & Schuster, 1994, p. 208.

43. Mark Sauer, “Reading Hillary Between the Lines,” San Diego Union-Tribune, January 2, 2001.

44. David D. Kirkpatrick, “Publisher Will Pay Clinton Over $10 Million for Book,” NYT, August 7, 2001; David D. Kirkpatrick, “Authors Clinton: One’s Early, One Needs Extension,” NYT, June 24, 2002; Jonathan Alter, “Citizen Clinton Up Close,” NW, April 8, 2002; “Will Ted Tell Mary Jo Truth?” NYP, November 28, 2007.

45. Maureen Dowd, “Liberties; A Very Personal History,” NYT, August 8, 2001.

46. David D. Kirkpatrick, “Publisher Will Pay Clinton Over $10 Million for Book,” NYT, August 7, 2001.

47. Jonathan Alter, “Writing the Book of Bill,” NW, August 20, 2001.

48. Ibid.; Clarence Fanto, “A New View of Our 18th President,” Berkshire Eagle, July 11, 2007; Bob Jamieson, “Grant’s Memoirs Kick Off Civil War Lecture Series,” Eagle Star-Gazette (Elmira, New York), May 3, 2007.

49. Jonathan Alter, “Writing the Book of Bill,” NW, August 20, 2001.

50. Ibid.

51. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

52. Marjorie Williams, “Scenes from a Marriage (Bill Clinton and Al Gore),” The Woman at the Washington Zoo: Writings on Politics, Family, and Fate, edited by Timothy Noah, Public Affairs, 2005, pp. 133, 152.

53. Ron Fournier, “Clinton Says, ‘Rally Behind the President’ in Aftermath of Attacks; Gore Offers Support,” AP, September 11, 2001.

54. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

55. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006; Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006; Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007; Katharine Q. Seelye, “After the Attacks: The Former Administration; Tragedy Reunites Clinton and Gore,” NYT, September 15, 2001.

56. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

57. Katharine Q. Seelye, “After the Attacks: The Former Administration; Tragedy Reunites Clinton and Gore,” NYT, September 15, 2001.

58. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

59. Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007.

60. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

61. Ray Lesniak, Interview with author, September 16, 2006.

62. Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 8, 2006; Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Herman Berliner, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

63. Steve Grossman, Interview with author, August 24, 2006.

64. Ibid.

65. Eric Holder, Interview with author, December 5, 2006.

66. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

67. Paul Bedard and Mark Mazzetti, “Washington Whispers,” U.S. News & World Report, October 15, 2001.

68. Jim Houlihan, Interview with author, July 18, 2006.

69. Ray Lesniak, Interview with author, September 16, 2006.

70. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

71. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

72. Beryl Anthony, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

73. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

74. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

75. Jim Houlihan, Interview with author, July 18, 2006.

76. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

77. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

78. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

79. Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

80. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

81. Robert Patterson, Interview with author, January 4, 2007.

82. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

83. Ray Lesniak, Interview with author, September 16, 2006.

84. Matthew Mosk and John Solomon, “Largess to Clintons Lands CEO in Lawsuit; Case Is a Window on Couple’s Ties,” WP, May 26, 2007; Mike McIntire, “Suit Sheds Light on Clintons’ Ties to a Benefactor,” NYT,May 26, 2007.

85. AP photo by J. Scott Applewhite; Ann Gerhart, “Sad News About Buddy; A Democratic Dog That Was Everyone’s Buddy; Clintons’ Lab Killed by Car in New York,” WP, January 4, 2002.

86. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 162.

87. “Famous Cuban Photographer Alberto Corda Buried in Havana,” RIA Novosti, May 30, 2001. (His name is sometimes spelled Alberto Korda Diaz or Alberto “Korda” Diaz Gutierrez.)

88. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006; “Near and Far,” San Francisco Chronicle, September 3, 2002.

89. William O’Rourke, “Bill Clinton for N.J. Senator?” C S-T, October 8, 2002.

90. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

91. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006; Elaine Kamarck, “Future Tense: The Toughest Campaign of All; The Former President Fights to Leave a Legacy Behind That Will Restore His Time in Office,” Newsday, June 22, 2004.

92. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

93. Janet Reno, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

94. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

95. “Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman,” WP, November 7, 2002.

96. Mike Allen and Manuel Roig-Franzia, “Presidents Clash Over Florida Governor’s Race; Bush, Clinton in Last-Minute Pushes for Jeb Bush, McBride,” WP, November 3, 2002.

97. R. Emmett Tyrrell Jr., The Clinton Crack-up: The Boy President’s Life After the White House, Thomas Nelson, 2007, p. 142.

98. “Rev. Al Blasts ‘Beige’ Clinton,” NYP, December 6, 2002.

99. Andrew DeMillo, “Clinton Library Spans a Presidency,” A D-G, November 14, 2004.

100. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007; John Solomon and Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, “Clinton Library Got Funds From Abroad: Saudis Said to Have Given $10 Million,” WP, December 15, 2007; Don van Natta Jr., Joe Becker, and Mike McIntire, “In Charity and Politics, Clinton Donors Overlap,” NYT,December 20, 2007.

101. Karoun Demirjian, “House Approves Bill to Divulge Funding of Presidential Libraries,” CT, March 15, 2007.

102. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 379.

103. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

104. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

105. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

106. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

107. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

108. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

109. David Schulte, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

110. Rick Kogan, Interview with author, May 26, 2006.

111. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

112. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

113. Steve Grossman, Interview with author, August 4, 2006.

114. R. Emmett Tyrrell Jr., The Clinton Crack-up: The Boy President’s Life After the White House, Thomas Nelson, 2007.

115. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

116. Ibid.

117. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

118. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

119. Richard Marlink, Interviews with author, October 16, 2006, October 30, 2006.

120. Alison Mitchell, “Critics Skeptical of Clinton’s AIDS Goal,” Austin American-Statesman, May 19, 1997.

121. Michael Specter, “The Vaccine; Has the Race to Save Africa from AIDS Put Western Science at Odds with Western Ethics?” NYer, February 3, 2003.

122. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006; Robert Fogel, Interview with author, May 26, 2006; Lauran Neergaard, “Critical Clinton AIDS Advisers Demand Needle Exchanges,” AP, March 16, 1998; Lauran Neergaard, “Members of AIDS Panel May Resign,” AP, October 8, 1997.

123. Harvard Crimson via University Wire, March 15, 2000.

124. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

125. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

126. Tony Lake, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

127. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

128. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

129. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006; Bethany McLean, “The Power of Philanthropy,” Fortune, September 7, 2006.

130. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

131. Ibid.

132. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

133. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

134. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

135. Bill Bicknell, Interview with author, December 28, 2006.

136. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

137. Richard Marlink, Interviews with author, October 16, 2006, October 30, 2006.

Chapter 4 NOT QUITE READY FOR PRIME TIME

1. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

2. Ibid.

3. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

4. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

5. Jonathan Alter, “The Bill and Bob Show,” NW, March 17, 2003.

6. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

7. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

8. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

9. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

10. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006; Carl M. Cannon, “Dole Honored in Emotional White House Ceremony; Clinton Presents Medal of Freedom to Former Competitor,” Baltimore Sun, January 18, 1997.

11. Sholto Byrnes, “Pandora,” Independent (London), September 6, 2002.

12. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

13. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

14. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

15. Jonathan Alter, “The Bill and Bob Show,” NW, March 17, 2003.

16. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

17. Ibid.

18. David Carr, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

19. Joe Sharkey, “‘Enabling’ Is Now a Political Disease,” NYT, September 27, 1998.

20. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

21. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

22. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006.

23. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

24. Jim Rutenberg and David D. Kirkpatrick, “Timing of Clinton Memoir Is Everything, for Kerry,” NYT, April 13, 2004.

25. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Janis Kearney, Interviews with author, June 2, 2006, September 15, 2006; Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

26. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006; Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007; Stephen Kinzer, “Clinton, on the Road Again, Stumps for a Book, Not a Seat,” NYT, June 4, 2004.

27. Martin Peretz, “Village People,” “Cambridge Diarist,” The New Republic, January 15, 2007.

28. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

29. Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

30. Anne-Marie O’Connor, “Stars Have Kerry in Their Eyes; The Front-runner’s Bandwagon Is Pulling into Town with Many of Hollywood’s Democrats Ready to Pull Out Their Checkbooks,” LAT, February 28, 2004.

31. Stanley Sheinbaum, Interview with author, October 12, 2006; Anne-Marie O’Connor, “Hollywood Patrons Beset by Politicians; Finance: Candidates from Throughout the Nation Seek Out Celebrities’ Star Power to Raise Campaign Funds,” LAT, February 24, 2002.

32. “Kerry: Keeping Hollywood Abuzz,” The Hotline, January 3, 2003.

33. Anne-Marie O’Connor, “Reviving Salons as Hotbeds of New Ideas; Writers, Filmmakers and Others Are Drawn to Diverse Gatherings That Provide ‘A Place to Share the Life of the Mind’ in Far-Flung L.A.,” LAT, January 24, 2001.

34. Stanley Sheinbaum, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

35. Betty Sheinbaum, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

36. Stanley Sheinbaum, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

37. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

38. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

39. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

40. Dick Morris, e-mail responses to author’s questions, August 29, 2006.

41. Harry Shearer, Slate magazine, August 27, 1996.

42. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

43. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

44. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

45. Sarah Ellison and Rhonda L. Rundle, “L.A. Billionaires Join in Bidding for Tribune Co.,” WSJ, November 9, 2006.

46. John M. Broder and Patrick Healy, “How a Billionaire Friend of Bill Helps Him Do Good, and Well,” NYT, April 23, 2006; Vanessa Grigoriadis, “Billionaires Are Free; And, These Days, a Dime a Dozen. But Even for Today’s B Boys, There Are Some Things Money Can’t Buy,” NY mag, November 6, 2006.

47. Matthew Miller, “The Rise of Ron Burkle,” Forbes, December 11, 2006; Deborah Solomon, “Friend of Bill and Hill,” NYT mag, March 18, 2007; Thomas S. Mulligan and James Rainey, “3 of L.A.’s Billionaires Have Eyes on Times; Tribune Rebuffs Broad, Geffen and Burkle, For Now, After They Inquire About Buying the Paper,” LAT, July 29, 2006.

48. John M. Broder and Patrick Healy, “How a Billionaire Friend of Bill Helps Him Do Good, and Well,” NYT, April 23, 2006.

49. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006.

50. Ibid.

51. Ibid.

52. Ibid.

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

55. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; Vanessa Grigoriadis, “Billionaires Are Free; And, These Days, a Dime a Dozen. But Even for Today’s B Boys, There Are Some Things Money Can’t Buy,” NY mag, November 6, 2006; John M. Broder and Patrick Healy, “How a Billionaire Friend of Bill Helps Him Do Good, and Well,” NYT, April 23, 2006; John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House Is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007; James Sterngold, “Enmeshed in Scandal; Billionaire Ron Burkle Claims to Eschew the Spotlight But Finds Himself the Center of Attention,” San Francisco Chronicle, May 2, 2006.

56. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006; John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007; “The New Establishment 2007,” VF, October 2007.

57. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House Is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007.

58. Matthew Miller, “The Rise of Ron Burkle,” Forbes, December 11, 2006.

59. John R. Emshwiller, “Controversy, by the Truckload Battle for Car Hauler Puts Spotlight on Burkle’s Dealings,” WSJ, May 2, 2007.

60. James Ylisela Jr., “Under the Radar: ‘Radar Is a Work in Progress,’ Says Yusef Jackson. ‘I Think We’re Still Finding Our Editorial Voice,’” Chicago magazine, July 2007; John Kass, “If You Ask Obama, Then Ask All of Them,” CT, March 4, 2007; Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; “Friend of Rev. Jackson Lobbied A-B for Distributorship,” Modern Brewery Age, April 16, 2001; Phil Rosenthal, “Yusef Jackson Lands on Media Map with Radar,” CT, June 30, 2006.

61. James Ylisela Jr., “Under the Radar: ‘Radar Is a Work in Progress,’ Says Yusef Jackson. ‘I Think We’re Still Finding Our Editorial Voice,’” Chicago magazine, July 2007; Keith Kelly, “New Blip on Radar—Roshan’s Resurrected Magazine Hits Newsstands,” NYP, February 9, 2007; Phil Rosenthal, “Yusef Jackson Lands on Media Map with Radar,” CT, June 30, 2006; Matthew Karnitschnig, “Radar Returns for a Third Try in the Buzz Business Blog and Big Backers Help Give Latest Launch Shot at Success; Editor Is Still a Favorite Target,” WSJ, February 26, 2007.

62. Deborah Solomon, “Friend of Bill and Hill,” NYT mag, March 18, 2007.

63. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

64. Ibid.

65. Maureen Dowd, “Obama’s Big Screen Test: Hillary Is Not David Geffen’s Dreamgirl,” NYT, February 21, 2007.

66. Jennifer Steinhauer and David M. Halbfinger, “Et Tu, David? A Lucrative Friendship Sours,” NYT, February 23, 2007.

67. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006; Eric Alterman, “The Hollywood Campaign: Want Big Money to Get Elected to National Office? If You’re a Democrat, You Need to Head for the Hills—Beverly Hills. A Miner’s Map, for the Liberal Gold Rush,” Atlantic Monthly, September 2004; John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House Is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007; Stephen Braun and Dan Morain, “Famous Allies Were Often at Odds; David Geffen Shocked Many by Speaking Out Against Hillary Clinton. But He and Bill Clinton Had a Rocky Friendship,” LAT, March 4, 2007; James Rainey, “2 Southland Billionaires Make Case to Buy Tribune; Eli Broad, Ron Burkle Meet with Panel Also Reviewing Offer by The Times’ Founding Family,” LAT, January 21, 2007; Ben Casselman and Christina S. N. Lewis, “‘Underpriced’ at $100 Million,” WSJ, August 24, 2007.

68. John M. Broder and Patrick Healy, “How a Billionaire Friend of Bill Helps Him Do Good, and Well,” NYT, April 23, 2006; James Sterngold, “Enmeshed in Scandal; Billionaire Ron Burkle Claims to Eschew the Spotlight but Finds Himself the Center of Attention,” San Francisco Chronicle, May 2, 2006.

69. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006; Jared Paul Stern, Interview with author, July 18, 2006; Geraldine Fabrikant and Laura Holson, “Odd Couple Ponder Bid for Tribune,” NYT, January 16, 2007; Bill Toland, “Reclusive Penguins Investor Now Makes Headlines,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 11, 2006; William Sherman, “The Billionaire, the Post and the $220G Shakedown; Page Six Writer Wanted $$$ to Stop Inaccurate Coverage,” NYDN, April 7, 2006; Matthew Miller, “The Rise of Ron Burkle,” Forbes, December 11, 2006; Vanessa Grigoriadis, “Billionaires Are Free; and, These Days, a Dime a Dozen. But Even for Today’s B Boys, There Are Some Things Money Can’t Buy,” NY mag, November 6, 2006.

70. “LAT 100 Most Powerful,” LAT, August 13, 2006; James Rainey, “2 Southland Billionaires Make Case to Buy Tribune; Eli Broad, Ron Burkle Meet with Panel Also Reviewing Offer by The Times’ Founding Family,” LAT, January 21, 2007; Sarah Ellison, “Dow Jones Hears Alternative Proposals; Burkle and Greenspan Present Plans to Vie with News Corp,” WSJ, July 11, 2007.

71. Deborah Solomon, “Friend of Bill and Hill,” NYT mag, March 18, 2007; Jeremy W. Peters, “Radar Magazine Rises from the Ashes Again,” NYT, June 29, 2006; James Ylisela Jr., “Under the Radar: ‘Radar Is a Work in Progress,’ Says Yusef Jackson. ‘I Think We’re Still Finding Our Editorial Voice,’” Chicago magazine, July 2007; John Kass, “If You Ask Obama, Then Ask All of Them,” CT, March 4, 2007.

72. Patrick Healy, “For Clintons, Delicate Dance of Married and Public Lives,” NYT, May 23, 2006.

73. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

74. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

75. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006; Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

76. John R. Emshwiller, “Controversy, by the Truckload Battle for Car Hauler Puts Spotlight on Burkle’s Dealings,” WSJ, May 2, 2007.

77. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

78. Patrick Creadon, Interview with author, October 31, 2006.

79. Jared Paul Stern, Interview with author, July 18, 2006; Deborah Solomon, “Friend of Bill and Hill,” NYT mag, March 18, 2007; James Sterngold, “Enmeshed in Scandal; Billionaire Ron Burkle Claims to Eschew the Spotlight but Finds Himself the Center of Attention,” San Francisco Chronicle, May 2, 2006; Campbell Robertson, “Billionaire and Post Writer in a Dance of Tips and Turns,” NYT, April 12, 2006.

80. Choire Sicha, “Jared Paul Stern Is Slouching Back with Book, Lawsuit,” NYob, October 23, 2006; Robert Lee Hotz, “Cleared Gossip Writer Says He’ll Sue; A Page Six Contributor Says Extortion Claims by Ron Burkle Ruined Him,” LAT, January 25, 2007.

81. James Barron, “Contributor to Gossip Column Won’t Be Charged,” NYT, January 24, 2007; Maureen Dowd, “Can He Crush Hillary?” NYT, June 17, 2007; Robert Lee Hotz, “Cleared Gossip Writer Says He’ll Sue; A Page Six Contributor Says Extortion Claims by Ron Burkle Ruined Him,” LAT, January 25, 2007.

82. Jared Paul Stern, Interview with author, July 18, 2006, e-mail to author, November 6, 2007; James Barron and Campbell Robertson, “Page Six, Staple of Gossip, Reports on Its Own Tale,” NYT, May 19, 2007; Michael Calderone, David Foxley, and Felix Gillette, “Did Page Six Kill ‘Numerous’ Items on the Clintons?” NYob, May 22, 2007.

83. Mike Medavoy, Interview with author, October 19, 2006; Fox News, March 25, 2007.

84. Anne-Marie O’Connor, “He’s Giving Himself Quite a Name; Politics: Haim Saban’s $7-million Donation to Democrats Cements the L.A. Rainmaker’s Clout,” LAT, March 23, 2002; Sharon Waxman and Bill McAllister, “Clinton Draws Comfort and Cash on Trip; Ignoring Protests and Silent on Scandal, President Raises Millions in Major States,” WP, September 28, 1998.

85. Anne-Marie O’Connor, “He’s Giving Himself Quite a Name; Politics: Haim Saban’s $7-million Donation to Democrats Cements the L.A. Rainmaker’s Clout,” LAT, March 23, 2002.

86. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

87. Ibid.; Tovah Lazaroff, “TAU Opens New US Policy Institute,” Jerusalem Post, January 18, 2002; Federal News Service, “Remarks by Former President William J. Clinton and Others at Inauguration of the Saban Institute for the Study of the American Political System,” January 20, 2002.

88. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

89. Corky Hale, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

90. Landon Thomas Jr., “Jeffrey Epstein: International Moneyman of Mystery,” NY mag, October 28, 2002.

91. “Murky World of Clinton Pal,” NYP, October 20, 2002; Landon Thomas Jr., “Jeffrey Epstein: International Moneyman of Mystery,” NY mag, October 28, 2002; Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; Nicole Janok, “Mystery Money Man Faces Soliciting Charge,” Palm Beach Post, July 24, 2005.

92. Landon Thomas Jr., “Jeffrey Epstein: International Moneyman of Mystery,” NY mag, October 28, 2002.

93. Ibid.; “Murky World of Clinton Pal,” NYP, October 20, 2002.

94. Palm Beach police documents; Gawker, July 27, 2006; Nicole Janok, “Mystery Money Man Faces Soliciting Charge,” Palm Beach Post, July 24, 2005.

95. Vanessa Grigoriadis, “Billionaires Are Free; And, These Days, a Dime a Dozen. But Even for Today’s B Boys, There Are Some Things Money Can’t Buy,” NY mag, November 6, 2006.

96. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

97. Joan Fleischman, “Face Cards: Two S. Florida Fugitives in ‘Wanted’ Deck,” Miami Herald, May 22, 2004; “Gore Returns to S. Florida, Political Arena,” Miami Herald, February 27, 2002.

98. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

99. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

100. David M. Halbfinger and Allison Hope Weiner, “Hollywood Evidence Raises Questions,” NYT, April 12, 2007; “The New Establishment 2007,” VF, October 2007.

101. John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House Is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007; Philip Sherwell, “Hollywood’s Glitterati Line Up for Obama,” Sunday Telegraph, February 19, 2007; David M. Halbfinger, “Politicians Are Doing Hollywood Star Turns,” NYT, February 6, 2007.

102. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 225.

103. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

104. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

105. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

106. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

107. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

108. Charles Manatt, Interview with author, November 27, 2006.

109. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006; Robin Givhan, “Hillary Clinton’s Tentative Dip into New Neckline Territory,” WP, July 20, 2007.

110. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

111. David Schulte, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

112. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

113. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

114. Ron Fournier, “Clinton at Ease: Cutthroat Card Games,” AP, October 27, 1996.

115. Michael Kobold, Interview with author, October 27, 2006.

116. Ibid.; Patrick Creadon, Interview with author, October 31, 2006.

117. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

118. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006; John Schmidt, Interview with author, August 9, 2006; Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; editorial, BG, November 7, 2004; Elizabeth Fulk and Peter Savodnik, “Some Red-State Democrats Facing Balancing Act with Dean at DNC,” The Hill, February 10, 2005.

119. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

120. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

121. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

122. Simmie Knox, Interview with author, September 18, 2006.

123. Bridgette Bartlett, “Making History,” Essence, December 2004.

124. Simmie Knox, Interview with author, September 18, 2006.

125. Lucy Howard, Bret Begun, and Susannah Meadows, “Periscope,” NW, February 26, 2001; Simmie Knox, Interview with author, September 18, 2006.

126. Simmie Knox, Interview with author, September 18, 2006.

127. Kevin Freking, “Ceremony Introduces Portraits of Clintons,” A D-G, June 15, 2004; AP, “Bill Clinton’s Stepfather,” February 1, 2007; Delia M. Rios, “Bushes, Clintons Forge Surprising Bond; Familial Rivalry Transforms into a Friendship,” Newhouse News Service, June 19, 2005.

*In late spring 1972, Bill Clinton went to Washington to be interviewed by George McGovern’s campaign manager, Gary Hart. The Yale Law student wanted to work for McGovern in his race for the presidency. Hart called George McGovern, who recalls the conversation: “There’s a young guy who wants to work for you and he says he could organize Arkansas for us, but he’s so smart and resourceful…I think we should send him to a bigger state.” They decided on Texas, which McGovern lost, along with every other state except Massachusetts and the District of Columbia.128

128.Gary Hart, Interview with author, November 15, 2006; George McGovern, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

129. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

130. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

131. Janis Kearney, Interviews with author, June 2, 2006, September 15, 2006.

132. Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006.

133. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

134. Jonathan Alter, Interviews with author, July 7, 2006, August 10, 2006.

135. Ibid.

136. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

137. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

138. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

139. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

140. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

141. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

142. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

143. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

144. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

145. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

146. Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006.

147. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

148. Paul Greenberg, Interview with author, October 4, 2006.

149. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

150. Bob Minzesheimer, “Clinton’s Hefty Memoir Flies Off Shelves,” USA Today, June 24, 2004.

151. Ibid.; Jeffrey A. Trachtenberg, “Clinton’s ‘Giving’ Book Is Slated for Fall Season,” WSJ, July 11, 2007; “Correction,” NYT, June 13, 2004; Amy Argetsinger and Roxanne Roberts, “At the Moonlite Bunny Ranch, Politics and Strange Bedfellows,” WP, November 28, 2007 (reports sales of 2.5 million and advance of $10 million).

152. Bob Minzesheimer, “Clinton’s Hefty Memoir Flies Off Shelves,” USA Today, June 24, 2004; Amy Argetsinger and Roxanne Roberts, “At the Moonlite Bunny Ranch, Politics and Strange Bedfellows,” WP, November 28, 2007 (claims 1.5 million sold).

153. Ibid.; Christine Simmons, AP, August 20, 2007.

154. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

155. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

156. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous; Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 14, 2006.

157. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006.

158. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

159. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

160. Jonathan Alter, “Writing the Book of Bill,” NW, August 20, 2001.

161. Jennifer Senior, “Bill Clinton’s Plan for World Domination; Clear Your Schedule for His Third Inauguration, Here in New York in September,” NY mag, August 22, 2005.

162. Conor Feehan, “Bill Swings into Action After His Marathon Book Signing Session,” Irish Independent, August 26, 2004.

163. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

164. Jennifer Senior, “Bill Clinton’s Plan for World Domination; Clear Your Schedule for His Third Inauguration, Here in New York in September,” NY mag, August 22, 2005.

165. Robert D. McFadden, “Clinton Suffers Pains in Chest; Surgery Is Set,” NYT, September 4, 2004; Lawrence K. Altman, “Clinton Operation Aims to Restore Blood Flow,” NYT, September 4, 2004; Susan Schindehette, Sharon Cotliar, Diane Herbst, Marianne V. Stochmal, Macon Morehouse, and Linda Kramer, “Midlife Crisis; Recovering Well from Quadruple Heart Bypass, Junk-Food-Loving Former President Bill Clinton Now Must Stick to a New Economic Plan—Low Fat, All the Time,” People, September 20, 2004.

166. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

167. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

168. Robert D. McFadden, “Clinton Suffers Pains in Chest; Surgery Is Set,” NYT, September 4, 2004.

169. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, p. 359.

170. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006; Susan Schindehette, Sharon Cotliar, Diane Herbst, Marianne V. Stochmal, Macon Morehouse, and Linda Kramer, “Midlife Crisis; Recovering Well from Quadruple Heart Bypass, Junk-Food-Loving Former President Bill Clinton Now Must Stick to a New Economic Plan—Low Fat, All the Time,” People, September 20, 2004.

171. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

172. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006; Susan Schindehette, Sharon Cotliar, Diane Herbst, Marianne V. Stochmal, Macon Morehouse, and Linda Kramer, “Midlife Crisis; Recovering Well from Quadruple Heart Bypass, Junk-Food-Loving Former President Bill Clinton Now Must Stick to a New Economic Plan—Low Fat, All the Time,” People, September 20, 2004.

173. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

174. Victor Fleming, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

175. Phil Ross, Interview with author, October 19, 2006.

176. Bill Clinton, interview by Sanjay Gupta, Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, CNN, August 24, 2005; Susan Schindehette, Sharon Cotliar, Diane Herbst, Marianne V. Stochmal, Macon Morehouse, and Linda Kramer, “Midlife Crisis; Recovering Well from Quadruple Heart Bypass, Junk-Food-Loving Former President Bill Clinton Now Must Stick to a New Economic Plan—Low Fat, All the Time,” People, September 20, 2004.

177. Jim Schachter, Interview with author, May 3, 2007.

178. Bill Clinton, interview by Sanjay Gupta, Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, CNN, August 24, 2005.

179. Beryl Anthony, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

180. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

181. Jim Guy Tucker, Interview with author, November 13, 2006.

182. Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

183. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

184. George McGovern, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

185. Adam Nagourney and David M. Halbfinger, “The Democratic Nominee: Kerry Enlisting Clinton Aides in Effort to Refocus Campaign,” NYT, September 6, 2004.

186. AP, January 5, 2007, from Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007.

187. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

188. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

189. Corky Hale, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

190. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006; Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Noam Scheiber, “Over-Billed,” The New Republic, February 13, 2008.

191. R. Emmett Tyrrell Jr., The Clinton Crack-up: The Boy President’s Life After the White House, Thomas Nelson, 2007, p. 189.

192. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

193. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

194. Stan Brand, Interview with author, September 13, 2006.

195. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

196. Greg Norman with Donald T. Phillips, The Way of the Shark: Lessons on Golf, Business, and Life, Atria, 2006, p. 311.

Chapter 5 CLINTON OPENS HIS LIBRARY IN A DOWNPOUR

1. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

2. Phil Stefani, Interview with author, August 15, 2006.

3. Janis Kearney, Interviews with author, June 2, 2006, September 15, 2006.

4. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

5. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

6. Jim Dailey, Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

7. Ibid.

8. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

9. Jim Dailey, Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

10. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

11. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

12. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

13. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

14. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

15. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

16. The Arkansas Traveler, vol. 3, no. 3, July 2005.

17. Mickey Ibarra, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

18. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

19. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

20. Karoun Demirjian, “House Approves Bill to Divulge Funding of Presidential Libraries,” CT, March 15, 2007; http://kakihockersmith.com; Anne E. Kornblut, “In His Wife’s Campaign, Bill Clinton Is a Free Agent,” WP, October 30, 2007; Andrew DeMillo, “Clinton Library Gets a Green Penthouse View,” CS-T, November 11, 2007.

*Hockersmith had decorated the Governor’s Mansion for the Clintons, and they later hired her to decorate the Oval Office, the Treaty Room, the Family Dining Room, and other White House spaces. She also decorated the president’s cabin and the dining hall and lodge at Camp David, worked on the re-creations of the Oval Office and the cabinet room in the Clinton library, and decorated the house in Chappaqua—but not Hillary’s house in Washington. That work went to fancy Georgetown decorators. Maureen Dowd described Hockersmith’s decoration of the Lincoln Sitting Room as so garish “that even Belle Watling might feel at home.”21

21.Phyllis Brandon, Interview with author, June 27, 2006; Maureen Dowd, “Hillary Rodham Clinton Strikes a New Pose and Multiplies Her Images,” NYT, December 12, 1993.

22. Paul Greenberg, Interview with author, October 4, 2006.

23. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007; Kim Coryat, Archives Technician, Clinton Presidential Library, e-mail, June 2, 2007.

24. Jim Dailey, Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

25. Ibid.

26. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

27. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

28. Mark Silva, “Praise for One-Time Foe; Bushes Celebrate Clinton’s Skills,” CT, November 19, 2004.

29. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006; John Emerson, Interview with author, September 22, 2006; Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006; Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

30. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

31. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

32. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, pp. 380–382.

33. Mark Silva, “Praise for One-Time Foe; Bushes Celebrate Clinton’s Skills,” CT, November 19, 2004.

34. States News Service, May 6, 2005.

35. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

36. William Brantley, “Too Much Scar Tissue Is Not a Good Thing,” Edmonton Journal (Alberta), March 21, 2005; Facts on File World News Digest, March 17, 2005; Adam Lisberg, “Clinton’s ‘Glad to Be Home’: Full Recovery Expected,” NYDN, March 15, 2005; Andrew DeMillo, “Clinton Surgery Goes Well; Doctors Expect Full Recovery,” A D-G, March 11, 2005; Lawrence K. Altman, “Clinton’s 4-Hour Surgery Went Well, Doctors Say,” March 11, 2005.

37. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Stephen Fitzpatrick, “Tsunami Refugee Reborn Behind Picket Fence,” The Australian, December 8, 2006.

38. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

39. Ibid.; Matthew Miller, “The Rise of Ron Burkle,” Forbes, December 11, 2006.

40. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

41. Tony Freemantle, “‘41’ and ‘42’—No Baggage; The Not-Really-So-Odd Couple; Two Former Presidents Have Overcome Differences and Formed a Friendship, as Shown in Tsunami Tour,” Houston Chronicle,March 7, 2005.

42. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

43. Raymond Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

44. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

45. Raymond Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

46. Peggy Harris, “Clinton Speaks Against ‘Demonizing’ Political Leaders,” AP, June 17, 2006; States News Service, May 6, 2005.

47. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Michael Duffy, “When Opposites Attract; Actually, Bush and Clinton Discovered They Were Not So Different After All While on the Road Raising Relief Money. Inside an Improbable Friendship,” Time, December 26, 2005.

48. Greg Norman, with Donald T. Phillips, The Way of the Shark: Lessons on Golf, Business, and Life, Atria, 2006, p. 302.

49. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

50. States News Service, May 6, 2005.

51. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; States News Service, May 6, 2005.

52. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

53. Ibid.

54. William Brantley, “Too Much Scar Tissue Is Not a Good Thing,” Edmonton Journal (Alberta), March 21, 2005; Facts on File World News Digest, March 17, 2005; Adam Lisberg, “Clinton’s ‘Glad to Be Home’: Full Recovery Expected,” NYDN, March 15, 2005; Andrew DeMillo, “Clinton Surgery Goes Well; Doctors Expect Full Recovery,” A D-G, March 11, 2005; Lawrence K. Altman, “Clinton’s 4-Hour Surgery Went Well, Doctors Say,” March 11, 2005.

55. The Late, Late Show, CBS, March 14, 2005; The Hotline, March 15, 2005.

56. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

57. Ibid.; Alvin S. Felzenberg, Governor Tom Kean: From the New Jersey Statehouse to the 9-11 Commission, Rivergate Books/Rutgers University Press, 2006, pp. 395, 398.

58. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

59. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

60. Ibid.

61. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006; Delia M. Rios, “Bushes, Clintons Forge Surprising Bond; Familial Rivalry Transforms into a Friendship,” Newhouse News Service, June 19, 2005.

62. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

63. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

64. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

65. Peggy Harris, “Clinton Speaks Against ‘Demonizing’ Political Leaders,” AP, June 17, 2006; Mary Anna Towler, “Missing (Bill) Clinton,” June 28, 2006, post.

66. Beryl Anthony, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

67. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006; Thomas Beaumont, “Stumping for Wife, Clinton Can Help, or Hurt, Anybody,” Des Moines Register, November 25, 2007; Peter Hamby, “Bill Clinton: George H. W. Bush Will Help President Hillary,” CNN, December 18, 2007; Rebecca Sinderbrand, “Elder Bush Nixes Clinton Trip Idea,” CNN, December 18, 2007.

68. Tony Freemantle, “‘41’ and ‘42’—No Baggage; The Not-Really-So-Odd Couple; Two Former Presidents Have Overcome Differences and Formed a Friendship, as Shown in Tsunami Tour,” Houston Chronicle,March 7, 2005.

69. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Michael Duffy, “Bill Clinton and George H. W. Bush; Proving the Power of Two,” Time, May 8, 2006.

70. Raymond C. Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

71. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

72. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

73. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

74. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006.

75. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

76. Delia M. Rios, “Bushes, Clintons Forge Surprising Bond; Familial Rivalry Transforms into a Friendship,” Newhouse News Service, June 19, 2005.

77. Michael Duffy, “Bill Clinton and George H. W. Bush; Proving the Power of Two,” Time, May 8, 2006.

78. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

79. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

80. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

81. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

82. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

83. “Former President Bush Sobs While Talking of Son’s Leadership as Florida Governor,” AP, December 5, 2006.

84. “Bill Clinton One-on-One; Is There a Clinton Dynasty?” Good Morning America, ABC, September 27, 2007.

85. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

86. Paul Orfalea, Interview with author, February 28, 2007.

87. Joe Conason, “The Third Term,” Esquire, December 2005.

88. ABC News, May 19, 2007.

89. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

90. Mark Ward, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

91. Bill White, Interview with author, September 26, 2006.

92. Ron Kaufman, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

93. Steve Grossman, Interview with author, August 4, 2006.

94. Leadership for the Global Future, a Conversation Between Bill Clinton and Paul Orfalea, DVD, The Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, October 13, 2006.

95. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

96. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

97. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

98. Jim Wallis, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

99. Ibid.

100. Francis X. Clines, “Morality Mission Faces Capital Reality,” NYT, June 7, 1998.

101. Jim Wallis, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

102. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

103. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

104. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

105. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

106. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

107. Tim Wirth, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

108. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

109. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

110. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

111. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

112. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

113. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

114. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

115. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

116. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

117. Ibid.

118. Joseph Stiglitz, Interview with author, February 12, 2007.

119. Georgette Bennett, Interview with author, October 18, 2006.

120. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

121. Steve Grossman, Interview with author, August 4, 2006.

122. Julian H. Robertson Jr., Interview with author, October 4, 2006.

123. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

124. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

125. Raymond Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 30, 2006; Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007; Sandy Berger, Interviews with author, July 27, 2006, October 3, 2006; Oliver Burkeman, “Bill Clinton: Hillary Wants Me to Restore Image of US,” Guardian, October 5, 2007.

126. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

127. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006.

128. Georgette Bennett, Interview with author, October 18, 2006.

129. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

130. Nara Schoenberg, “Bill Clinton’s Global Reach Embraces Chicagoan,” CT, April 27, 2007.

131. Larry King Live, CNN, April 19, 2007.

132. John R. Emshwiller, “Burkle v. Follieri Offers a Window on Ugly Breakup,” WSJ, June 14, 2007; John R. Emshwiller and Gabriel Kahn, “Presidential Connection: How Bill Clinton’s Aide Facilitated a Messy Deal; Mr. Band Introduced Italian to Ron Burkle; Lawsuit over Spending,” WSJ, September 26, 2007.

Chapter 6 BILL CLINTON FIXES AFRICA

1. Nara Schoenberg, “Bill Clinton’s Global Reach Embraces Chicagoan,” CT, April 27, 2007.

*Pushing funding through Congress to fight AIDS in Africa was difficult for a Democratic president in a way that it was not as difficult for a Republican. To the surprise of many, George W. Bush has delivered the money. After announcing his plan in his 2003 State of the Union, Bush pushed through Congress a landmark $15 billion, five-year funding bill. He budgeted three times more money for eradicating AIDS than did Clinton. Kevin De Cock calls Bush’s increase in AIDS funding “massive” and says he has “helped change the landscape.”2

2.Victor Davis Hanson, “Kerry Turning into the Ugly American,” Tribune Media Services, February 2, 2007; Sheryl Gay Stolberg, “Bush Requests $30 Billion to Fight AIDS,” NYT, May 31, 2007; Brendan Miniter, interview with Laura Bush, WSJ, July 14, 2007; Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

3. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

4. Ibid.

5. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

6. Leadership for the Global Future, a Conversation Between Bill Clinton and Paul Orfalea, DVD, The Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, October 13, 2006.

7. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

8. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

9. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

10. Bill Clinton, “A Man Called Hope,” VF, July 2007.

11. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

12. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

13. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

14. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

15. Bill Bicknell, Interview with author, December 28, 2006.

16. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

17. Tunku Varadarajan, “Desmond Tutu, The Archbishop,” WSJ, December 30, 2006; Sarah Boseley, “World Aids Day: Living with HIV/Aids: Searching for a Way Forward: Technological Advances, Cultural Adjustments and Education All Have a Role in Combating This Pandemic,” Guardian Weekly, December 1, 2006.

18. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

19. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

20. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007; Bill Clinton, “A Man Called Hope,” VF, July 2007.

21. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

22. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

23. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

24. Bill Bicknell, Interview with author, December 28, 2006.

25. Celia W. Dugger, “Clinton Helps Broker Deal for Medicine to Treat AIDS,” NYT, December 1, 2006.

26. Elisabeth Rosenthal, “African Children Often Lack Available AIDS Treatment,” NYT, November 15, 2006.

27. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

28. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

29. Ibid.

30. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

31. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

32. Sabin Russell, “China Finally Taking Steps to Fight Its HIV Problem; Methadone Clinics, Condoms in Hotels, Free Testing Offered,” San Francisco Chronicle, July 30, 2006.

33. Bill Bicknell, Interview with author, December 28, 2006.

34. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 16, 2006.

35. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

36. Richard Feachem, Interview with author, November 5, 2006.

37. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

38. Eric Goosby, Interview with author, December 11, 2006.

39. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

40. Nicholas D. Kristof, “Ten Suggestions for Rescuing the Bush Legacy,” NYT, December 31, 2006; Raymond Offenheiser Jr., Interview with author, December 20, 2006.

41. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

42. Richard Marlink, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

43. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

44. Michael Woyton, “FDR’s Ideals Are Guiding Light for Clinton, Honorees,” Poughkeepsie Journal, October 23, 2005; John Davis, “Freedoms Medal Is Clinton’s,” Poughkeepsie Journal, October 19, 2005.

45. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

46. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

47. Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

48. Carolyn Eisenberg, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

49. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

50. Carolyn Eisenberg, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

51. Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Eric Schmertz, e-mail to author, September 9, 2006.

52. Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 8, 2006.

53. Slade Gorton, Interview with author, October 5, 2006; Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

54. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

55. Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 8, 2006.

56. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

57. Stanislao Pugliese, Interview with author, September 21, 2006.

58. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

59. Carolyn Eisenberg, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

60. Ibid.; Daniel Geiger, “Harry Macklowe Honored,” Real Estate Weekly, November 16, 2005.

61. Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 8, 2006.

62. Stanislao Pugliese, Interview with author, September 21, 2006.

63. Ibid.; Carolyn Eisenberg, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

64. Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 8, 2006.

65. Olivia Winslow, “Deconstructing Clinton’s Presidency at Hofstra,” Newsday, November 10, 2005.

66. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

67. Stuart Rabinowitz, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

68. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

69. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

70. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

71. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

72. Slade Gorton, Interview with author, October 5, 2006; William Booth, “All’s Quiet in the Other Washington,” WP, February 22, 1999; Jo Becker, “The Long Run: G.O.P. Hopeful Took Own Path in the Senate,” NYT, September 30, 2007.

73. Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006.

74. Carolyn Eisenberg, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

75. Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006.

76. Herman Berliner, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

77. Stuart Rabinowitz, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

Chapter 7 THE PATH TO 9/11

1. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007; Dan Eggen, “9/11 Panel to Have Rare Glimpse of Presidential Briefings,” WP, November 16, 2003.

2. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

3. Sandy Berger, Interviews with author, July 27, 2006, October 3, 2006.

4. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

5. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

6. Mickey Ibarra, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

7. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

8. Terry McAuliffe, with Steve Kettmann, What a Party: My Life Among Democrats, Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, St. Martin’s Press, Thomas Dunne Books, 2007, pp. 162, 163, 171.

9. Bob Kerrey, Interviews with author, July 5, 2006, July 24, 2006.

10. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007; Alvin S. Felzenberg, Governor Tom Kean: From the New Jersey Statehouse to the 9-11 Commission, Rivergate Books/Rutgers University Press, 2006, p. 433.

11. Slade Gorton, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

12. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 24, 2006.

13. R. Jeffrey Smith, “Berger Case Still Roils Archives, Justice Dept.,” WP, February 21, 2007; “The Berger Files,” WSJ, February 21, 2007.

14. Steve Emerson, Interview with author, January 8, 2007.

15. Michael Barone, “Berger and Libby: A Tale of Two Crimes,” Creators Syndicate, March 12, 2007.

16. Lanny Breuer, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

17. Slade Gorton, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

18. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

19. Bill Sammon, “He’s Back: Sandy Berger Now Advising Hillary Clinton,” Examiner, October 8, 2007; Andrew Sullivan, “Berger and Clinton,” The Daily Dish, theAtlantic.com, October 9, 2007.

20. Scott Collins and Tina Daunt, “Five Years After; ABC Stands by Its 9/11 Story—Almost; After Minor Edits in Response to Democratic Critics, the Miniseries Will Air as Scheduled. It’s Already Set Off a Bitter Election-Year Dispute,” LAT, September 9, 2006; Tim Rutten, “Five Years After; Regarding Media: ABC Follows a Path to Shame,” LAT, September 9, 2006; Samantha Bonar, “Television Review: On Dangerous Ground,” LAT, September 9, 2007.

21. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 17, 2006.

22. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

23. Ibid.

24. Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006.

25. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

26. Cyrus Nowrasteh, e-mail to author, January 8, 2007.

27. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2006.

28. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

29. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

30. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, September 14, 2006, September 15, 2006, September 17, 2006, February 23, 2007, June 1, 2007; Cyrus Nowrasteh, “The Path to 9/11: Committing the Truth,” The Magazine of the Writers Guild of America, West, December 2006; Tim Rutten, “Five Years After; Regarding Media: ABC Follows a Path to Shame,” LAT, September 9, 2006.

31. Cyrus Nowrasteh, “Remembering 9/11: The Path to Hysteria,” WSJ, September 18, 2006; Howard Kurtz, “Clinton Administration Officials Assail ABC’s ‘The Path to 9/11,’” WP, September 9, 2006; Maureen Dowd, “The Unslammed Phone,” NYT, September 9, 2006; Samantha Bonar, “Television Review: On Dangerous Ground,” LAT, September 9, 2007; Mike Medavoy, Interview with author, October 19, 2006.

32. John Ziegler, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

33. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; Cyrus Nowrasteh, “The Path to 9/11: Committing the Truth,” The Magazine of the Writers Guild of America, West, December 2006.

34. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006; Barbara Bodine, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

35. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

36. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

37. John Ziegler, Interview with author, September 22, 2006; Edward Wyatt, “More Questions of Accuracy Raised About ABC Mini-Series on 9/11 Prelude,” NYT, September 12, 2006.

38. Jesse McKinley, “Three from Clinton Administration Urge Disney to Cancel or Revise 9/11 Mini-Series,” NYT, September 7, 2006.

39. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

40. Edward Wyatt, “More Questions of Accuracy Raised About ABC Mini-Series on 9/11 Prelude,” NYT, September 12, 2006.

41. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

42. Jane Mayer, “Whatever It Takes; The Politics of the Man Behind ‘24,’” NYer, February 19, 2007.

43. Maureen Dowd, “The Unslammed Phone,” NYT, September 9, 2006.

44. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

45. John Ziegler, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

46. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, September 14, 2006, September 15, 2006, September 17, 2006, February 23, 2007, June 1, 2007.

47. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

48. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, June 1, 2007; Cyrus Nowrasteh, e-mails to author, July 20, 2007, July 26, 2007.

49. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

50. Jane Hamsher, Interview with author, September 28, 2006.

51. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, September 14, 2006, September 15, 2006, September 17, 2006, February 23, 2007, June 1, 2007.

52. Cyrus Nowrasteh, e-mail to author, March 15, 2007.

53. Cyrus Nowrasteh, e-mail to author, February 7, 2007; Anne E. Kornblut, “In His Wife’s Campaign, Bill Clinton Is a Free Agent,” WP, October 30, 2007. (Carson is now working for Hillary’s campaign but remains close to the former president.) Contacted by this writer on November 8, 2007, Paramount PR man, Michael Vollman, e-mailed, “We have no comment.”

54. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, June 1, 2007, November 8, 2007; Cyrus Nowrasteh, e-mail to author, July 10, 2007.

55. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, September 14, 2006, February 23, 2007; Max Blumenthal, Interview with author, November 8, 2007; author’s e-mail and telephone call to Jay Carson, November 7, 2007: no response to either.

56. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interviews with author, September 14, 2006, September 17, 2006.

57. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

58. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

59. John Ziegler, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

60. Robert Patterson, Interview with author, January 4, 2007; Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; Edward Wyatt, “More Questions of Accuracy Raised About ABC Mini-Series on 9/11 Prelude,” NYT, September 12, 2006.

61. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

62. Steve Emerson, Interview with author, January 8, 2007.

63. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

64. Edward Wyatt, “More Questions of Accuracy Raised About ABC Mini-Series on 9/11 Prelude,” NYT, September 12, 2006; Patrick Healy and Jesse McKinley, “Passions Flare as Broadcast of 9/11 Mini-Series Nears,” NYT, September 8, 2006.

65. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

66. Cyrus Nowrasteh, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

67. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

68. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

69. Barbara Bodine, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

70. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006.

Chapter 8 A LUDDITE MEETS THE BLOGGERS

1. Rick Boxer, Interview with author, July 20, 2006.

2. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006; “President Clinton Remarks at DNC Dinner, Corcoran Gallery of Art,” Federal News Service, January 2, 1998.

3. Simon Rosenberg, Interview with author, January 26, 2007.

4. Dave Johnson, Interview with author, September 26, 2006; Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006; Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006; Howard Kurtz, “Loneliness, Lies and Videotape,” WP, September 18, 2006.

5. Countdown with Keith Olbermann, MSNBC, September 20, 2006; Dave Johnson, Interview with author, September 26, 2006; Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

6. Dave Johnson, Interview with author, September 26, 2006; Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

7. Jane Hamsher, Interview with author, September 28, 2006.

8. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

9. Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

10. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

11. Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

12. Jane Hamsher, Interview with author, September 28, 2006; Countdown with Keith Olbermann, MSNBC, September 20, 2006.

13. John Ziegler, Interview with author, September 22, 2006.

14. Jane Hamsher, Interview with author, September 28, 2006.

15. Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

16. Jane Hamsher, Interview with author, September 28, 2006.

17. Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006; Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous.

18. Jeralyn Merritt, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

19. Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Paul Orfalea, Interview with author, February 28, 2007.

20. Janis Kearney, Interviews with author, June 2, 2006, September 15, 2006.

21. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006; Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

22. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

23. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

24. Interview with Bill Clinton, Fox News Sunday with Chris Wallace, September 24, 2006.

25. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

26. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

27. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, October 3, 2006; Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

28. Stephen Rodrick, “Limbaugh for Lefties,” NY mag, April 16, 2007.

29. Mark Silva, “Mr. November? Democrats Count on Clinton for Late-Inning Campaign Magic,” CT, September 28, 2006.

30. Slade Gorton, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

31. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006.

32. Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

33. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

34. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

35. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007.

36. Paul Greenberg, Interview with author, October 4, 2006.

37. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007; Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous.

38. Rahm Emanuel, Interview with author, July 21, 2006.

39. Naftali Bendavid, “The House That Rahm Built,” CT, November 12, 2006.

40. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

41. John M. Broder and Anne E. Kornblut, “A Rescue Bid for His Party and His Reputation, Too,” NYT, October 6, 2006.

42. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

43. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 24, 2006; Edward Walsh, “Pragmatic Centrist in Debt to JFK; Living Religion, Honing Ambition,” WP, June 15, 2003.

44. Steve Grossman, Interview with author, August 4, 2006.

45. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

46. Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Peter Hart, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

47. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

48. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

49. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

50. Rod Blagojevich (earlier interview for Chicago magazine profile, November 2003).

51. Bethany McLean, “The Power of Philanthropy,” Fortune, September 18, 2006.

52. Howard Kurtz, “Falling Apart?” WP, November 30, 2006; Paul Mirengoff, “Paul Mirengoff Provides a Quick History Lesson on the Virginian,” Daily Press, October 20, 2006.

53. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

54. Lanny Breuer, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

55. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

56. Jonathan Alter, Interviews with author, July 7, 2006, August 10, 2006.

57. Patrick Creadon, Interview with author, October 31, 2006.

58. Will Shortz, Interview with author, October 30, 2006.

59. Merl Reagle, Interview with author, October 31, 2006.

60. Ibid.

61. Victor Fleming, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

62. Ibid.

63. George McGovern, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

64. Victor Fleming, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

Chapter 9 PHILANDERER IN CHIEF

1. Nelson Shanks, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; “Bill’s Naked Finger,” NYP, April 26, 2006.

2. “Bill’s Naked Finger,” NYP, April 26, 2006.

3. Ibid.

4. Nelson Shanks, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

5. Ibid.

6. Hillary Rodham Clinton, Living History, Scribner, 2004; Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

7. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006; Gustav Niebuhr, “Not All Presidential Advisers Talk Politics,” NYT, March 18, 1997.

8. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006.

9. Jonathan Alter, “Citizen Clinton Up Close,” NW, April 8, 2002.

10. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006; Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

11. Robert Patterson, Interview with author, January 4, 2007.

12. Mark Thomann, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

13. Anson Beard Jr., Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

14. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

15. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

16. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

17. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

18. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

19. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

20. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

21. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

22. Howard Kurtz, “Tina Brown’s Talk Magazine Suddenly Silenced,” WP, January 19, 2002.

23. John Schmidt, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

24. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

25. Betty Sheinbaum, Interview with author, October 12, 2006.

26. Robert Novak, “Democratic Front-Runners May Find Richardson Is Running Close at Their Heels,” C S-T, March 11, 2007.

27. Geoffrey Gray, “Hillary Hampton ’07; A Weekend in the Country That’ll Cost You,” NY mag, July 30, 2007.

28. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

29. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

30. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

31. As quoted in Peter Baker and John Solomon, “Books Paint Critical Portraits of Clinton; 2 Biographies Detail Marital Strife and Driving Ambition,” WP, May 25, 2007; Carl Bernstein, A Woman in Charge, Knopf, 2007.

32. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006; Don Hewitt, Tell Me a Story: Fifty Years and 60 Minutes in Television, Public Affairs, 2001, pp. 175–177; Diane Haithman, “Hollywood’s Party Politics; Clinton, Kerrey Front-Runners on Democratic Circuit,” LAT, January 31, 1992.

33. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

34. Ibid.; Don Hewitt, Tell Me a Story: Fifty Years and 60 Minutes in Television, Public Affairs, 2001, p. 177.

35. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

36. Ibid.; Don Hewitt, Tell Me a Story: Fifty Years and 60 Minutes in Television, Public Affairs, 2001, p. 177.

37. Patrick Healy, “For Clintons, Delicate Dance of Married and Public Lives,” NYT, May 23, 2006.

*“Since the start of 2005, the Clintons have been together about 14 days a month on average…. Sometimes it is a full day of relaxing at home in Chappaqua; sometimes it is meeting up late at night. At their busiest, they saw each other on a single day, Valentine’s Day, in February 2005—a month when each was traveling a great deal…. Out of the last 73 weekends, they spent 51 together.”38

38. Ibid.

39. “The Year That Was: An Uncensored Look At Our Year of Living Dangerously,” “Bubba’s Got a Brand New Blonde,” Toronto Life, January 2004.

40. Eric Reguly, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

41. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

42. Ibid.

43. Andrew Allentuck, “Tales of Two Stronachs,” Globe and Mail, October 28, 2006.

44. Ibid.

45. Ibid.

46. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

47. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

48. Ibid.

49. Andrew Allentuck, “Tales of Two Stronachs,” Globe and Mail, October 28, 2006; Michael Valpy, “Belinda: ‘I Don’t Sit at Home and Knit on Friday Nights,’” Globe and Mail, September 30, 2006.

50. Ibid.

51. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

52. Ibid.

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

55. Ibid.

56. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

57. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

58. Eric Reguly, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

59. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

60. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

61. Andrew Allentuck, “Tales of Two Stronachs,” Globe and Mail, October 28, 2006.

62. Don Martin, Interview with author, December 18, 2006.

63. Lynn Crosbie, “After Bill: What Belinda Did Next,” The First Post, October 10, 2006.

64. Jane Taber, “Ignatieff Team All About Being Convention Ready,” Ottawa Notebook, Globe and Mail, November 11, 2006.

65. Eric Reguly, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

66. Charles Laurence, “Bill’s Been Told: No More Embarrassments,” The First Post, May 28, 2007.

67. CTV, ca. June 23, 2007.

68. Eric Reguly, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

69. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

70. Janis MacKey Frayer, “A House Divided, and Then a Presidential ‘Pardon Me,’” Globe and Mail, October 5, 2002.

71. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous; Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004; George Rush and Joanna Molloy, “Stylish Power Struggle on 42nd St.,” NYDN, November 3, 2002; Mark Coleman, “Clinton Seen with New Blonde,” The Scotsman, September 18, 2002; Blair Golson, “Seagram’s Heir to Sell Townhouse for $27 m,” Manhattan Transfers, NYO, August 5, 2002; “Next Chapter,” NYP, June 12, 2002; “Tabloid Tale of Bill and Babe,” NYP, April 19, 2002.

72. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006.

73. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

74. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

75. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

76. Eric Schmertz, Interview with author, September 1, 2006; Natalie Datlof, Interview with author, September 15, 2006.

77. Mark Thomann, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

78. Michael Crowley, “The Real Reason She Won’t Apologize, Hillary’s War,” New Republic, April 2, 2007; Susan Baer, “Hillary’s World,” Washingtonian, April 2007; Daniela Deane, “Dream House II: “How the Clintons Found Their New Home—Fast—in D.C.,” WP, January 20, 2001; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 436.

79. Susan Baer, “Hillary’s World,” Washingtonian, April 2007; R. Emmett Tyrrell Jr., The Clinton Crack-up: The Boy President’s Life After the White House, Thomas Nelson, 2007, p. 37; Mike Glover, “Clinton Makes Campaign a Family Business,” AP, December 8, 2007.

80. As quoted in Peter Baker and John Solomon, “Books Paint Critical Portraits of Clinton; 2 Biographies Detail Marital Strife and Driving Ambition,” WP, May 25, 2007.

81. Melvin Gitler, Interview with author, September 29, 2006.

82. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

83. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

84. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

85. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

86. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

87 David Schulte, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

88. Maureen Dowd, “Fireworks for Former First Lady and Future First Lad,” NYT, July 4, 2007.

89. Mark Adams, “It Happened Last Week,” NY mag, August 27, 2007.

90. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

91. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

92. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

93. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

94. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

95. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

Chapter 10 HILLARY’S (AND BILL’S) RUN FOR THE WHITE HOUSE

1. Simon Rosenberg, Interview with author, January 26, 2007.

2. Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Scott Reed, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

3. Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Lynn Sweet, “Did Hillary Underestimate Obama? Book Says Clinton Team Didn’t View Obama as a Huge Political Threat Late Last Year,” C S-T, June 8, 2007.

4. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

5. As quoted in Michiko Kakutani, “From the Sidelines, a View of the Middle as the Loser,” NYT, April 3, 2007.

6. E-mail responses to author’s questions from Dick Morris, August 29, 2006.

7. Federal News Service, December 18, 2006.

8. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

9. Patrick Healy, “For Clintons, Delicate Dance of Married and Public Lives,” NYT, May 23, 2006; Darryl Fears, “Coretta Scott King’s Legacy Celebrated in Final Farewell,” WP, February 8, 2006; Robert Schuller, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

10. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

11. Darryl Fears, “Coretta Scott King’s Legacy Celebrated in Final Farewell,” WP, February 8, 2006; Robert Schuller, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

12. Joe Sharkey, “‘Enabling’ Is Now a Political Disease,” NYT, September 27, 1998; David S. Broder, “Troubles for the Democrats,” WP, September 11, 1998; Richard Morin and David S. Broder, “Worries About Nation’s Morals Test a Reluctance to Judge,” WP, September 11, 1998.

13. Patrick Healy, “Clinton Camp Turns to a Star in Money Race,” NYT, March 31, 2007; Patrick Healy, “Obama Disputes Claim of Sharing Clinton’s Stance on War,” NYT, May 18, 2007.

14. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

15. Robert Novak, “Former ‘Goldwater Girl’ Tripped Up,” C S-T, March 12, 2007.

16. Les Payne, “Could Hillary Clinton Also Be a ‘Black’ Leader?” Newsday.com, August 12, 2007.

17. Patrick Healy and Jeff Zeleny, “Clinton and Obama Unite in Pleas to Blacks,” March 5, 2007; Mary Mitchell, “Bill Clinton Is Hillary’s Best Bet to Bridging Her Racial Divide,” C S-T, March 4, 2007; Nedra Pickler, “Obama, the Clintons Turn Selma Marches into Campaign Event,” AP, March 4, 2007.

18. ABC News, May 19, 2007.

19. Jonathan Darman, “Does Bill Clinton Help or Hurt Hillary? It’s Another First: The Spouse of an Ex-President Running for the White House. What Role Is He Playing, and What Would He Do as, Yes, ‘First Gentleman’?” NW, May 28, 2007.

20. Patrick Healy, “After a Delicately Worded Pitch, Clinton Draws Cheers,” NYT, February 20, 2007; Katharine Q. Seelye, “Clinton-Obama Quandary for Many Black Women,” NYT, October 14, 2007.

21. Chris Cillizza and Dan Balz, “Clinton, Obama Camps’ Feud Is Out in the Open,” WP, February 22, 2007.

22. Patrick Healy, “Political Memo: Clinton Reminds New Hampshire, I’m with Bill,” NYT, February 13, 2007; ABC News, “Clinton on Rove, Gingrich, and DeLay: ‘I’m the One Person They Are Most Afraid Of,’” February 11, 2007.

23. Fran Spielman, “Rare Daley Move: Endorses Obama for Primary,” C S-T, December 20, 2006; Paul Merrion, “What’s a Dem Donor to Do? Local Bigwigs Agonize Over Choice Between an Old Pal and a Hometown Hero,” Crain’s Chicago Business, January 15, 2007.

24. Jill Zuckman, “Democratic Candidates Jockey for Top Fundraisers,” CT, February 9, 2007; Mike McIntire and Leslie Wayne, “Democrats Turning Away Money from a Fugitive,” NYT, August 31, 2007; Matthew Mosk, “The $75 Million Woman: Barack Obama’s Finance Director Helped Transform a Fledgling Campaign into a Fundraising Machine,” WP, October 8, 2007.

25. Jill Zuckman, “Democratic Candidates Jockey for Top Fundraisers,” CT, February 9, 2007.

26. Robert Clifford, Interview with author, June 6, 2006; Lynn Sweet, “Obama Talking Small Bucks, Thinking Big; ‘Ordinary’ Donors No Match for Elite ‘Bundlers,’” C S-T, April 15, 2007.

27. Maureen Dowd, “Obama’s Big Screen Test: Hillary Is Not David Geffen’s Dreamgirl,” NYT, February 21, 2007. New York Sun, February 22, 2007.

28. Patrick Healy and Jeff Zeleny, “Clinton and Obama Unite in Pleas to Blacks,” March 5, 2007; Mary Mitchell, “Bill Clinton Is Hillary’s Best Bet to Bridging Her Racial Divide,” C S-T, March 4, 2007; Nedra Pickler, “Obama, the Clintons Turn Selma Marches into Campaign Event,” AP, March 4, 2007.

29. John R. Emshwiller and Merissa Marr, “Return to Treasure Island: Hollywood’s Moguls Compete to Raise Cash for Democratic Candidates. Whose House Is Better?” WSJ, March 17, 2007; David M. Halbfinger, “Politicians Are Doing Hollywood Star Turns,” NYT, February 6, 2007.

30. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

31. Darius Anderson, Interview with author, December 21, 2006.

32. Anne E. Kornblut, “Clinton Fights to Keep Impeachment Taboo: After Spat, Campaigns Know to Expect Swift Reprisal for Any Hint of the Scandal,” WP, February 25, 2007; Jeff Zeleny, “Obama’s Back Fund-Raising in New York, Not Quietly,” NYT, March 10, 2007; Evan Thomas, “Is Hillary Afraid of Being Embarrassed by Bill? Hillary Expected an Attack from the Right. But the Shots Came from an old Hollywood Buddy of Bill’s,” NW, March 5, 2007.

33. The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, NBC, December 1, 2006.

34. Melvin Gitler, Interview with author, September 29, 2006.

35. Simon Rosenberg, Interview with author, January 26, 2007.

36. Don Fowler, Interview with author, February 14, 2007.

37. Peter Hart, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

38. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

39. Dick Morris, e-mail responses to author’s questions, August 29, 2006.

40. Paul Greenberg, Interview with author, October 4, 2006.

41. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

42. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

43. William Greider, e-mail to author, August 7, 2006.

44. Patrick Healy, “Clinton Holds Strategy—Not Fund-Raising—Session,” NYT, April 4, 2007; Jeanne Cummings, “It’s Official: Obama, Clinton Way Out Front,” Politico, July 16, 2007.

45. Mason-Dixon Polling and Research, June 29, 2007.

46. Terence Hunt, “Bush Spokesman Says Clintons Have Chutzpah for Criticizing Bush on Libby,” AP, July 5, 2007.

47. Michael Luo, “‘Comeback Kid’ of ’92, Now Half of Combo, Returns to New Hampshire,” NYT, July 14, 2007.

48. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

49. John Catsimatidis, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

50. Jonathan Darman, “Does Bill Clinton Help or Hurt Hillary? It’s Another First: The Spouse of an Ex-President Running for the White House. What Role Is He Playing, and What Would He Do as, Yes, ‘First Gentleman’?” NW, May 28, 2007.

51. Transcript, Rush Limbaugh Show, May 17, 2007; Patrick Healy, “Clinton Secures Endorsement of the Mayor of Los Angeles,” NYT, May 30, 2007.

52. Patrick Healy, “Obama and Clinton Clash Over Iran,” NYT, October 13, 2007; “Civil Rights Leader Backs Clinton,” AP, October 13, 2007.

53. Maudlyne Ihejirika, “Bill Clinton Gets Hero’s Welcome,” C S-T, June 3, 2007.

54. “Is Hillary Secret Rev. Al Ally?” NY mag, April 9, 2007.

55. Raymond Hernandez, “Obama’s Rise Strains Loyalty on Clinton Turf,” NYT, April 24, 2007.

56. Jim Schachter, Interview with author, May 3, 2007.

57. David Schulte, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

58. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

59. Jeff Zeleny, “Obama Takes Sharper Tone to the Trail,” NYT, August 17, 2007.

60. Peter Hecht, “Widening Her Lead; New Survey Shows Clinton Dominating the Democratic Field in California—Obama Said to Be Losing His Luster,” Sacramento Bee, August 17, 2007.

61. Kristin Jensen, “Bill Clinton Says He Was More Experienced Than Obama,” Bloomberg.com, September 28, 2007; Patrick Healy, “Bill Clinton Questions Obama’s Experience,” NYT, September 28, 2007; Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007; Nedra Pickler, “Hillary Clinton Rivals Take On Bill,” AP, November 6, 2007; Hardball with Chris Matthews, MSNBC, November 6, 2007; Ron Fournier, “‘Good Bill’ vs. ‘Bad Bill,’” On Deadline, AP, November 28, 2007; Patrick Healy, “Bill Clinton Flatly Asserts He Opposed War at Start,” NYT, November 28, 2007; Marc Ambinder, “Bill Clinton…Well, He Just Puts Everything On the Table,” NYT,December 14, 2007; Anne E. Kornblut and Alec MacGillis, “Warning of Threats, Clinton Sells Clinton,” December 30, 2007; Mike Glover, “Clinton Says Hillary Was Always the One,” AP, December 10, 2007; Howard Kurtz, “The First Laddie Issue Is Out of the Closet,” WP, December 12, 2007; Glenn Thrush, “Clinton Insiders Question Top Aide’s Approach,” Newsday, December 12, 2007; Patrick Healy and John M. Broder, “A Campaign Retools to Seek Second Clinton Comeback,” NYT, January 5, 2008; Nancy Benac, “Hillary Clinton Leans on ‘Relic’ Bill,” AP, January 5, 2008; Mark Leibovich, “In New Hampshire, Bill Clinton Is Finding Less Spark,” NYT, January 7, 2008; Ben Smith, “Racial Tensions Roil Democratic Race,” The Politico, January 11, 2008; Carl Hulse, “Civil Rights Tone Prompts Talk of an Endorsement,” NYT, January 11, 2008; Dorothy Rabinowitz, “The Battle Begins,” WSJ, January 11, 2008; Michael Hill, “Powerhouse Chicago Preacher Draws Attention, and Plenty of Controversy,” Baltimore Sun, January 16, 2008; Ben Smith, “Bill Clinton Says He Witnessed Voter Supression,” January 19, 2008; Jonathan Alter, “Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down,” NW, January 19, 2008; “Barack vs. Bill: Obama Hits Ex-Prez Over ‘Troubling’ Attacks,” ABC News, January 20, 2008; Rebecca Sinderbrand and Alexander Mooney, “Congressman to Bill Clinton: ‘Chill a Little Bit,” CNN, January 21, 2008; Jessica Yellin, “Obama: I feel Like I’m Running Against Both Clintons,” CNN, January 21, 2008; Ben Smith, “Clinton Plan: Let Bill Lash Out,” The Politico, January 22, 2008; Alec MacGillis and Anne E. Kornblut, “Some in Party Bristle at Clintons’ Attacks,” January 23, 2008; “Kerry Blasts Bill Clinton for ‘Abusing Truth,’ CNNpolitics.com, January 25, 2008; Deborah Charles, “Bill Clinton Again Wagging Finger, Raising Eyebrows,” Reuters, January 25, 2008; David Espo and Charles Babington, “Obama Runs Away with South Carolina Primary, January 26, 2008; Dan Balz, Anne E. Kornblut, and Shailagh Murray, “Obama Is Big Winner in S.C. Primary: Democratic Race Continues with No Clear Front-Runner,” WP, January 27, 2008; Jake Tapper, “Bubba: Obama Is Just Like Jesse Jackson,” ABC, January 26, 2008; Alexander Mooney, “Exit Polls: Bill Clinton’s Effect,” CNN, January 26, 2008; Vaughn Ververs, “Bill Clinton’s Lost Legacy,” CBS, January 26, 2008; Caroline Kennedy, “A President Like My Father,” NYT, January 27, 2008; Katharine Q. Seelye, “Ex-President, Back in the Thick of It,” NYT, January 27, 2008; Robert Novak, C S-T, January 27, 2008; Abdon M. Pallasch, “Black Vote Key to Obama Blowout,” C S-T, January 27, 2008; Mike Allen and Carrie Budoff Brown, “Ted Kennedy Embraces Obama,” The Politico, January 28, 2008; Rick Klein, “Author Toni Morrison to Endorse Obama,” ABC News, January 28, 2008; Patrick Healy, “Clinton Camp Seeks Gentler Role for Ex-President,” NYT, January 28, 2008; Adam Nagourney, “Races Entering Complex Phase Over Delegates,” NYT, January 28, 2008; Roger Simon, “Obama: Resident of the New Camelot?” The Politico, January 28, 2008; Jeff Zeleny, “Kennedy Backs Obama with ‘Old Politics’ Attack,” NYT, January 29, 2008; Jonathan Kaufman and Gerald F. Seib, “Two Plays for Latino Vote,” WSJ, January 29, 2008. Douglas A. Blackmon, “Carter Stays Neutral in Race, But Praises Obama’s Oratory,” WSJ, January 30, 2008; Jake Tapper, “Bill: ‘We Just Have to Slow Down Our Economy’ to Fight Global Warming,” ABC news, January 31, 2008; Mary Ann Akers, “Clinton’s LBJ Comments Infuriated Ted Kennedy,” WP, January 31, 2008; Peter Baker, “Bill Clinton’s Legacy: How Former President Is Viewed Could Affect Vote,” WP, February 3, 2008; Alexander Mooney, “Poll Suggests Obama, Clinton in Dead Heat in California,” CNN, February 3, 2008; Jessica Yellin, “Bill Clinton Tours African American Churches,” CNN, February 3, 2008; Tim Russert, Meet the Press, NBC-TV, February 3, 2008; Alexander Mooney, “Richardson: No Endorsement Yet,” CNN, February 4, 2008; Katharine Q. Seelye, “What About Bill?” NYT, February 4, 2008: “Clinton Says Her Campaign is Taking a Page from the New York Giants,” AP, February 4, 2008; Geoff Earle, “For Cryin’ Out Loud! Hillary Turns on the Tears Again,” NYP, February 5, 2008; Chris Cillizza, “Obama Beats Clinton in Georgia,” WP, February 5, 2008; Katharine Q. Seelye, “Live Blogging the Democratic Contests,” NYT, February 5, 2008; Dan Balz and Anne E. Kornblut, “Clinton and Obama Trade Victories: N.Y. Senator Withstands Push By Surging Rival in Key Battlegrounds,” WP, February 6, 2008; David Paul Kuhn, “Race, Sex Divide Dems; Ideology Splits GOP,” The Politico, February 6, 2008; Bill Schneider, “How Trends Played out Nationally,” CNN, February 6, 2008; Roger Simon, “Dems Head for Messy Nomination Process,” The Politico, February 6, 2008; “No Rest for Clinton, Obama; 7 More Contests Fast Approach,” CNN, February 6, 2008; Adam Cohen, “Will the Capital of Change Choose Change or Experience?” Editorial Observer, NYT, February 5, 2008; “Obama: Super Tuesday ‘Big Victory’ for His Campaign,” CNN, February 6, 2008; Bob Herbert, “Questions For The Clintons,” NYT, January 26, 2008; Shailagh Murray and Matthew Mosk, “Clinton Lent Her Campaign $5 Million: Delegate Race With Obama Is Nearly Even,” WP, February 7, 2008; Bill Turque and Anne E. Kornblut, “Va. Is Next Battleground In Democrats’ Long Fight,” WP, February 7, 2008; George F. Will, “Democrats Living Dangerously; Early Voting Insanity and a GOP Gift,” WP, February 7, 2008; Timothy Noah, “Triumph of the Arithmecrats,” Chatterbox, Slate, February 6, 2008; Christopher Cooper and Amy Chozick, “Deadlocked Democrats Brace for Long Run: Clinton Seeks Cash, Obama Needs Latinos,” WSJ, February 7, 2008; June Kronholz, “Democrats’ Nightmare: Back to Smoke-Filled Rooms,” WSJ, February 7, 2008; Monica Davey, “Razor-Thin Margins in Missouri Reflect Nationwide Split,” NYT, February 7, 2008; Jennifer Steinhauer, “Unusual Divides in California Benefit McCain and Clinton,” NYT, February 7, 2008; Marc Ambinder, “A Fine Mess,” NYT, February 7, 2008; Kenneth R. Bazinet, “Chelsea Clinton Taking an Expanded Role in Hillary’s Campaign,” NYDN, February 8, 2008; Susan Donaldson James, “Passing the Torch: Kennedy’s Touch on Obama’s Words; Ted Sorensen, Legendary Speechwriter, Lends Support, Eloquence to Democratic Contender,” ABC News, February 8, 2008; Stephen Ohlemacher, “Obama Leads Clinton by Only 2 Delegates,” AP, February 9, 2008; Michael D. Shear and Anne E. Kornblut, “Obama Handily Wins Nebraska, Louisiana, Washington,” WP, February 10, 2008; “Democrats Kick off Virginia Campaign,” CNN, February 10, 2008; Adam Nagourney and Carl Hulse, “Democrats Woo Superdelegates,” NYT, February 10, 2008; “Half-Way There,” The Economist, February 9–15, 2008; Matthew Mosk and Paul Kane, “796 Insiders May Hold Democrats’ Key,” WP, February 10, 2008; Ben Smith, “Obama wins Maine,” The Politico, February 10, 2008; Hamil R. Harris, “Bill Clinton Stumps at Area Churches,” WP, February 11, 2008; Josh Freedom duLac, “Obama Beats Clinton for Award,” WP, February 11, 2008; Katharine Q. Seelye, “Maine to Obama; Clinton Replaces Campaign Leader,” NYT,February 11, 2008; Maggie Haberman, “Latino Slams Clinton,” NYP, February 12, 2008; Jay Newton-Small, “Can Obama Keep the Momentum?” Time, February 12, 2008; Chris Cillizza, “Obama Defeats Clinton in Virginia Primary,” WP, February 12, 2008; Bill Nichols, “Obama Sweeps Potomac Primary,” The Politico, February 12, 2008; Alexander Mooney, “Exit Polls: Obama Stealing Clinton’s Base,” CNN, February 12, 2008; Ben Smith, Avi Zenilman, and Kenneth P. Vogel, “Obama Takes on New Aura of Momentum,” The Politico, February 13, 2008; Jonathan Weisman, “Shifting Loyalties: Cracks in Clinton Coalition May Mark a Turning Point,” WP, February 13, 2008; Ron Fournier, “On Deadline,” “Chickens Come Home to Roost,” AP, February 12, 2008; Howard Kurtz, “Hillary Sinks in Potomac,” WP, February 13, 2008; Dan Balz and Tim Craig, “Winning Streak Extends To District, Md. and Va,” WP, February 13, 2008; Anne E. Kornblut, “Clinton Makes a Play for Wisconsin,” WP, February 13, 2008; Mary Mitchell, “Hillary’s Move Riles Hispanic Supporters: Dumping Campaign Manager Solis Doyle Possibly Backfiring,” C S-T, February 14, 2008; Karen Tumulty, “Is It Too Late for Hillary?” Time, February 14, 2008; Emily Fredrix, “Bill Clinton: Choose Record Not Speeches,” AP, February 14, 2008; Mike Allen, “Clinton Pits Herself Against Business,” The Politico, February 14, 2008; Peter Hamby, “Valentine’s Day with Hillary Clinton,” CNN, February 14, 2008; Margaret Carlson, “Clinton, Iron Lady, Needs Another Game Plan,” Bloomberg.com, February 15, 2008; “Some Black Superdelegates Reassess Clinton Support,” CNN, February 14, 2008; Peggy Noonan, “Confidence or Derangement?” WSJ, February 15, 2008; Abdon M. Pallasch, “Bill Touts Hillary’s ‘Solutions’,” C S-T, February 15, 2008; Jackie Calmes, “Clinton Bets Big on Ohio and Texas,” WSJ, February 15, 2008; Domenico Montanaro, “Bill Blames Obama for Ouster of Candidates,” MSNBC First Read, February 16, 2008; Robert Novak, “Hillary to Paint Obama as Leftist,” C S-T, February 17, 2008; Mary Murray, “Bill Spars with Obama Supporter,” MSNBC First Read, February 17, 2008; Mike Dorning, “Wisconsin to Obama Decisively,” CT, February 20, 2008; Jackie Calmes, “Obama Holds Off Clinton in Wisconsin,” WSJ, February 20, 2008; Patrick Healy and Jeff Zelany, “Wisconsin Hands Obama Victory, Ninth in a Row,” NYT, February 20, 2008; John Meachem, “The Editor’s Desk,” NW, February 25, 2008; Rebecca Sinderbrand, “Superdelegate Schmoozed by Chelsea, Backs Obama,” CNN, February 22, 2008; Ronn Fournier, “Race is Obama’s to Lose,” On Deadline, AP, February 20, 2008; Sarah Wheaton, “Bill Clinton Raises the Stakes of 2 Contests Next Month,” NYT, February 22, 2008; Rebecca Sinderbrand, “Clinton Won’t Clarify Post-March 4 Plans,” CNN, February 22, 2008; Roger Simon, “Dem Tension Hinges on Plagiarism Charges,” The Politico, February 22, 2008; Hardball with Chris Matthews, NBC, February 22, 2008; Mark Leibovich, “No Longer in Race, Richardson Is a Man Pursued,” NYT, February 23, 2008.

62. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

63. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

64. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

65. Jim Hornstein, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

66. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006.

67. Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006.

68. Ray Lesniak, Interview with author, September 16, 2006.

69. Kane Webb, Interview with author, February 6, 2007.

70. Jo Becker and Don Van Natta Jr., “An Ex-President, a Mining Deal and a Big Donor,” NYT, January 31, 2008; Doug Ward, Vancouver Sun, June 21, 2007; Michael Isikoff and Mark Hosenball, “Here An F.O.B., There An F.O.B.” NW, February 4, 2008; Andy Hoffman, “Giustra, Clinton Host Fete,” The Globe and Mail (Canada), January 17, 2008; Melissa Leong, “Cupcakes and Stars at Clinton Bash in Toronto: 60th Birthday—Again,” National Post (Canada), September 11, 2006; Don Van Natta Jr., Jo Becker, and Mike McIntire, “In His Charity and Her Politics, Many Clinton Donors Overlap,” NYT, December 20, 2007; Frank Rich, “The Billary Road to Republican Victory,” NYT, January 27, 2008; “Clinton’s Filthy Lucre,” editorial, Investor’s Business Daily, February 4, 2008; “Who Was Hillary Clinton,” editorial, WSJ, February 2, 2008; Josh Gerstein, “Clinton’s ‘Considered’ Reply on Donors: Not Yet,” New York Sun, September 28, 2007; Peter Baker and Matthew Mosk, “No Names Please: Clintons Mum on Donors,” WP, September 28, 2007; Peter Baker, “Bill Clinton’s Legacy: How Former President Is Viewed Could Affect Vote,” WP, February 3, 2008; Howard Fineman and Richard Wolffe, “‘What She Can’t Do Is Have It Both Ways’,” NW, November 12, 2007; Michael Isikoff, “The Hillary Paper Chase: 3,022,030 Documents To Go,” NW, November 12, 2007; Jim VandeHei and Mike Allen, “Five Reasons Hillary Should Be Worried,” The Politico, February 6, 2008; Nedra Pickler, “Analysis: Clinton and Obama Enter Protracted Campaign That May Not End For Weeks,” AP, February 6, 2008; Jeanne Cummings, “Obama on Pace to Raise $30 Mil in Feb,” February 7, 2008; Shailagh Murray and Matthew Mosk, “Clinton Lent Her Campaign $5 Million: Delegate Race With Obama Is Nearly Even,” WP, February 7, 2008; Perry Bacon Jr., “The Trail,” “Clinton Emphasizes Loan was ‘My Money’,” WP, February 6, 2008; Jim Kuhnhenn, “Clinton Lends Her Campaign $5 Million as Rival Barack Obama Outraised Her,” AP, February 6, 2008; Matthew Mosk, “Aggressive Obama TV Spending Prompted Clinton’s Loan,” WP, February 8, 2008; Mike Allen, “Hillary Hits Obama on Transparency, Style,” The Politico, February 11, 2008; John R. Emshwiller and Jose De Cordoba, “Bill Clinton’s Complex Charities: Former President Works Global Ties; Giustra Relations,” WSJ, February 14, 2008; “Monica Langley and Amy Chozick, “Clinton Team Seeks to Calm Turmoil,” WSJ, February 14, 2008; Joe Hallet, “The People of Ohio Get Me,” The Columbus Dispatch, February 14, 2008; Nedra Pickler, “Obama Supports Individual Gun Rights,” AP, February 5, 2008; Martina Stewart, “Obama Backers Suggest Clintons Lack Candor, Resist Disclosure,” CNN, February 15, 2008; Elliott Blair Smith, “Cloud Over Air Bubba,” NYP, February 22, 2008; John R. Emshwiller and James Bandler, “Clintons’ Tax Returns Would Cast a Wider Light,” WSJ, February 23, 2008; Jonathan Alter, “Between the Lines,” “Hillary Should Get Out Now,” NW, March 3, 2008.

Chapter 11 FIRST GENT: A DOLLEY MADISON FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY?

1. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

2. Kate Snow, “Bill Clinton as First Gentleman,” Nightline, ABC News, July 13, 2007; Ryan Lizza, “The Legacy Problem: Hillary and Her Rivals Take On the Clinton Administration,” NYer, September 17, 2007.

3. This Week with George Stephanopoulos, September 30, 2007.

4. Peter Hart, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

5. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

6. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

7. Patrick Healy, “Clinton’s Altered Iowa Speech,” NYT, September 3, 2007; Jackie Calmes, “Two-for-One Deal, Take Two: Hillary Clinton Eases Her Husband into the Campaign Limelight,” WSJ, September 4, 2007.

8. Lanny Breuer, Interview with author, October 30, 2006; Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous.

9. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006; “Bill Clinton: I’d Sit in on Hillary’s Cabinet Meetings ‘Only If Asked,’” ABC News, December 5, 2007.

10. Jonathan Darman, “Does Bill Clinton Help or Hurt Hillary? It’s Another First: The Spouse of an Ex-President Running for the White House. What Role Is He Playing, and What Would He Do as, Yes, ‘First Gentleman’?” NW, May 28, 2007.

11. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 5, 2005.

12. Patrick Healy, “Clinton as First Spouse,” NYT, May 9, 2007.

13. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

14. Bob Kerrey, Interview with author, July 5, 2006.

15. Kate Snow, “Bill Clinton as First Gentleman,” Nightline, ABC News, July 13, 2007.

16. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006; Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006; Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006; Larry King Live, CNN, April 19, 2007; Patrick Healy, “Clinton as First Spouse,” NYT, May 9, 2007.

17. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

18. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

19. Late Show with David Letterman, CBS, September 4, 2007.

20. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006; O. Kay Henderson, “Clinton Predicts His Wife Will Win By ‘Good Margin,’” Iowa Radio News, November 8, 2007; Thomas Beaumont, “Stumping For Wife, Clinton Can Help, or Hurt, Anybody,” Des Moines Register, November 25, 2007; Holly Ramer, “Clinton Says Wife Is a ‘World-Class Genius,’” AP, December 21, 2007.

21. Carl S. Anthony, e-mail to author, October 3, 2006.

22. Gery Chico, Interview with author, December 1, 2006.

23. Roger Friedman, “Hillary Clinton’s $2.6 Million Hollywood Hit,” Fox News, March 25, 2007.

24. Carla Marinucci, “Clinton Sees Role for Husband Campaign 2008: Senator Tells S.F. Crowd the Former President Could Be a Diplomat,” San Francisco Chronicle, February 24, 2007.

25. Perry Bacon Jr., “Candidate Clinton Praises Ambassador Clinton,” WP, May 26, 2007; Carla Marinucci, “Clinton Sees Role for Husband Campaign 2008: Senator Tells S.F. Crowd the Former President Could Be a Diplomat,” San Francisco Chronicle, February 24, 2007; Larry King Live, CNN, April 19, 2007; Tim Russert, Meet the Press, NBC, September 30, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, pp. 25–26; “Obama’s Dream Cabinet? Bill and Al,” The View from the Swamp, CT, November 30, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, “Two Presidents in the White House?” WSJ, December 11, 2007.

26. Sarah Wilson, Interview with author, February 16, 2007.

27. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

28. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

29. Tony Lake, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

30. Tim Wirth, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

31. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

32. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

33. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

34. Rahm Emanuel, Interview with author, July 21, 2006.

35. Joseph Stiglitz, Interview with author, February 12, 2007.

36. James Chapman, “Blair Tipped to Be World Bank President as Disgraced Wolfowitz Resigns,” Daily Mail, May 18, 2007.

37. David Saperstein, Interview with author, September 26, 2006.

38. Robert Torricelli, Interview with author, October 6, 2006; Herman Berliner, Interview with author, October 5, 2006.

39. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

40. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

41. Ephraim Hardcastle, Daily Mail, July 2, 1999.

42. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

43. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

44. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006; Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

45. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

46. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006; Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007, p. 63.

47. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

48. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

49. Tom Vilsack, Interview with author, January 29, 2007.

50. Carl S. Anthony, e-mail to author, October 3, 2006.

51. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

52. The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, Comedy Central, September 20, 2007.

53. Larry King Live, CNN, April 19, 2007.

54. Susan Schindehette, “The Ties That Bind,” People, February 15, 1999.

55. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

56. Chelsea Clinton, “Being There: Chelsea Clinton in Her Own Words,” Talk, December 2001/January 2002.

57. Jaimee Rose, “From Awkward Teenager to Savvy Celebrity,” The Times Union, May 23, 2002; Damian Whitworth, “Chelsea Is Her Father’s Daughter: While Her Classmates Are Not Sold on Her Charms, All Are Certain That the Young Clinton Will Enter Politics,” Ottawa Citizen, May 21, 2002; Sarah Lyall, “Britain Is Becoming, Chelsea Clinton Finds,” NYT, March 31, 2002.

58. Jodi Kantor, “Chelsea Clinton Is Primed for Another Parent’s White House Run,” NYT, July 31, 2007.

59. Philip Sherwell, “Hillary Clinton Turns to Chelsea in a Bid to Soften Her Image,” Sunday Telegraph, January 29, 2007; Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

60. Landon Thomas Jr., “Hedge Fund Chiefs, with Cash, Join Political Fray,” NYT, January 25, 2007.

61. Jodi Kantor, “Chelsea Clinton Is Primed for Another Parent’s White House Run,” NYT, July 31, 2007; “Who Makes How Much—New York’s Salary Guide 2005.”

62. David Schulte, Interview with author, December 8, 2006.

63. Robert Patterson, Interview with author, January 4, 2007.

64. Victor Fleming, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

65. Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous; Donna Shalala, Interview with author, September 25, 2006.

66. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

67. Mark Buell, Interview with author, August 22, 2006.

68. Brian Ross and Joseph Rhee, “Former Congressman Duped by Nigerian Scams,” The Blotter, ABC News, December 8, 2006; John E. Harris, The Survivor, Random House, 2005; Nigel Hamilton, Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency, Public Affairs, 2007; Bill Clinton, My Life, Knopf, 2004; AP candidate biographies; Lloyd Grove, “Chelsea’s Morning,” New York magazine, march 3, 2008.

69. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

70. Bill Simmons, Interview with author, August 24, 2006.

71. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

72. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

73. Robert Sam Anson, “Bill and His Shadow,” VF, June 2004.

74. Melvin Gitler, Interview with author, September 29, 2006.

75. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

76. Patricia Calhoun, Interview with author, June 23, 2006.

77. Ibid.; Mary Anna Towler, “Missing (Bill) Clinton,” City Newspaper/Rochester.gyrosite.com, June 28, 2006.

78. Patricia Calhoun, Interview with author, June 23, 2006.

79. http://search.westword.com.

80. Patricia Calhoun, Interview with author, June 23, 2006.

81. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

82. Ibid.

83. Carol Beggy and Mark Shanahan, “Simon Says Happy Birthday, Mr. President,” BG, August 22, 2006.

84. David D. Kirkpatrick, “Follow the Money(ed),” NYT, August 21, 2007.

85. Dan Balz, “Bill Clinton’s 60th Birthday Benefit Blowout,” WP, September 28, 2006.

86. Robert Novak, “Clinton Ally, a Washington Super-Lawyer, Switches Allegiance to Back Obama,” C S-T, March 4, 2007; Evan Thomas, “Fragged by an F.O.B.; Hillary Expected an Attack from the Right. But the Shots Came From an Old Hollywood Buddy of Bill’s,” NW, March 5, 2007.

87. Dan Balz, “Bill Clinton’s 60th Birthday Benefit Blowout,” WP, September 28, 2006; Matthew Miller, “The Rise of Ron Burkle,” Forbes, December 11, 2006; Bob Tyrrell, “Birthday Boy Bubba,” August 24, 2006, www.JewishWorldReview.com.

88. Ben Shapiro, “Clinton’s Prostate Turns 60,” August 23, 2006, http://www.townhall.com/columnists/BenShapiro/2006/08/23/clintons_prostate_turns_60.

89. As quoted in David Bauder, “Dignitaries Remember Bradley at Memorial,” AP, November 21, 2006; as quoted in Jacques Steinberg, “Subjects and Colleagues Recall Ed Bradley,” NYT, November 22, 2006.

90. Adam Clymer, “Scholars and Officials Alike Gather in Schlesinger Tribute,” NYT, April 24, 2007.

91. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

92. Bill White, Interview with author, September 26, 2006.

93. Melanne Verveer, Interview with author, January 27, 2007.

94. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

95. Phyllis Brandon, Interview with author, June 27, 2006; “Carl Whillock; Clinton Adviser, Leader in Arkansas,” WP, November 23, 2005.

96. Tom Vilsack, Interview with author, January 29, 2007; Tony Leys, “Clinton Joins in Farewell to Gleason,” Des Moines Register, March 31, 2006; Thomas Beaumont, “Clinton’s Tribute to Gleason Is Simple and Personal,” Des Moines Register, March 31, 2006.

97. Jim Guy Tucker, Interview with author, November 13, 2006; “Ex-Fair Chief, State Official Pledger Dies,” A D-G, April 1, 2006.

98. Phil Stefani, Interview with author, August 15, 2006.

99. Thomas Kean, Interview with author, January 22, 2007; Alvin S. Felzenberg, Governor Tom Kean: From the New Jersey Statehouse to the 9-11 Commission, Rivergate Books/Rutgers University Press, 2006, p. 395.

Chapter 12 GETTING THE FULL CLINTON—PRO BONO

1. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

2. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006.

3. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

4. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

5. Bud Yorkin, Interview with author, October 9, 2006.

6. Devlin Barrett, “Disclosure Forms Show Bill Clinton Made More Than $10 Million from Speeches Last Year,” AP, June 14, 2007; John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007.

7. Lee Miller, Interview with author, July 24, 2006.

8. Howard Tullman, Interview with author, June 26, 2006.

9. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007; Chris Fusco, Dave McKinney, and Lynn Sweet, “Lawyer with Rezko Link Helps Hillary; One ‘Chair’ of Chicago Fund-raiser Was Referenced in Indictment,” C S-T, June 25, 2007; Chris Fusco, “Clinton Hasn’t Returned Cash from Firm Under Investigation; Two Governors Decided to Give Up IPA Money,” C S-T, June 25, 2007.

10. Mike McIntire, “Rubbing Shoulders with Trouble, and Presidents,” NYT, May 7, 2006.

11. Matthew Mosk and John Solomon, “Largess to Clintons Lands CEO in Lawsuit; Case Is a Window on Couple’s Ties,” WP, May 26, 2007; Mike McIntire, “Suit Sheds Light on Clintons’ Ties to a Benefactor,” NYT, May 26, 2007; Mike McIntire, “Clinton Backer’s Ties to Powerful Cut Both Ways,” NYT, July 14, 2007; Sally Bedell Smith, For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, Random House, 2007.

12. Mike McIntire, “Clinton Backer’s Ties to Powerful Cut Both Ways,” NYT, July 14, 2007; Matthew Mosk, “SEC Opens Investigation of Company Headed by Key Supporter of Clintons,” WP, November 22, 2007.

13. Maureen Dowd, “Can He Crush Hillary?” NYT, June 17, 2007.

14. Shannon McCaffrey, “Clinton PAC Raises $662,325 in First 6 Months,” AP, July 20, 2001.

15. Janice Weinman Shorenstein, Interview with author, December 12, 2006.

16. Mickey Ibarra, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

17. Rita McLennon, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

18. Jim Hornstein, Interview with author, September 27, 2006.

19. Georgette Bennett, Interview with author, October 18, 2006.

20. John Solomon and Matthew Mosk, “For Clinton, New Wealth in Speeches; Fees in 6 Years Total Nearly $40 Million,” WP, February 23, 2007; Devlin Barrett, “Disclosure Forms Show Bill Clinton Made More Than $10 Million from Speeches Last Year,” AP, June 14, 2007.

21. Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006.

22. Chris Jennings, Interview with author, August 2, 2006.

23. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

24. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

25. Kevin De Cock, Interview with author, December 6, 2006.

26. Christopher Ogden, Interview with author, August 29, 2006.

27. Sandy Berger, Interview with author, July 27, 2006.

28. Vartan Gregorian, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

29. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

30. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006; William Booth, “Al Gore, Rock Star Oscar Hopeful May Be America’s Coolest Ex-Vice President Ever,” WP, February 25, 2007; Mike Allen, “Gore Nobel Boosts Talk of White House Run,” Politico, October 12, 2007.

31. Bret Stephens, “Who Killed Palestine?” WSJ, June 26, 2007.

32. Joseph Stiglitz, Interview with author, February 12, 2007.

33. Tom Downey, Interview with author, January 9, 2007.

34. Stanislao Pugliese, Interview with author, September 21, 2006.

35. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006.

36. Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006; Howard Schneider and Debbi Wilgoren, WP, October 12, 2007.

37. Al Kamen, “Rudderless Democrats Had Best Not Count On Bill Clinton Returning to the Political Fray Anytime Soon,” WP, June 16, 2006.

38. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

39. Peter Osnos, the Century Foundation; Patricia Cohen, “Jimmy Carter the Book Tour (Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture),” NYT, October 11, 2007 (his twenty-fifth book, about his mother, will be published Mother’s Day 2008).

40. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

41. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

42. Julie Bosman, “Book on Bill Clinton Emerges from Years of Tapes,” NYT, March 22, 2007.

43. Letter to author from Taylor Branch, August 18, 2006; Julie Bosman, “Book on Bill Clinton Emerges from Years of Tapes,” NYT, March 22, 2007.

44. Amy Argetsinger and Roxanne Roberts, “A Scorching Response to a Food Critic,” WP, March 23, 2007; Jonathan Alter, “Citizen Clinton Up Close,” NW, April 8, 2002.

45. Publishers Weekly, July 10, 2006.

46. Sara Nelson, “Send the Bill,” Publishers Weekly, July 16, 2007; “News Briefs,” Publishers Weekly, July 16, 2007; Charlotte Abbott, “On Sale Next Week,” Publishers Weekly, August 27, 2007.

47. “Forecasts,” review of Giving: How Each of Us Can Change the World, by Bill Clinton, Publishers Weekly, September 4, 2007.

48. Peter Baker, “His Changing World; Bill Clinton Says He’s Switched from ‘Getting’ to ‘Giving,’ Washington Post Book World, September 9, 2007.

49. “‘Giving’ (And Also Getting),” Intelligencer, NY mag, September 17, 2007; Katharine Q. Seelye, “Moving to Avoid a Conflict,” NYT, December 13, 2007; John R. Emshwiller, “Bill Clinton May Curb Ties to Burkle’s Firm,” WSJ, December 13, 2007; John R. Emshwiller, “Bill Clinton May Get Payout of $20 Million,” WSJ, January 22, 2008.

50. Karoun Demirjian, “Clinton Draws Fans to Michigan Ave. Some Wait 12 Hours for ‘About 5 Seconds,’” CT, September 8, 2007.

51. AP, “Sales of Bill Clinton Book Drops,” October 16, 2007.

52. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

53. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006; Michael Barone, Interview with author, September 19, 2006.

54. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006; Barbara Ireland, “At the Home of F.D.R.’s Secret Friend,” NYT, September 7, 2007.

55. Lynda Robb, Interview with author, January 12, 2007.

56. Carol Felsenthal, Power, Privilege and the Post: The Katharine Graham Story, Putnam, 1993, pp. 285–286.

57. Lynda Robb, Interview with author, January 12, 2007.

58. Ibid.; Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

59. Charles Robb, Interview with author, October 23, 2006.

60. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

61. Paul Orfalea, Interview with author, February 28, 2007.

62. Mark Updegrove, Interview with author, October 22, 2006.

63. Larry Sabato, Interview with author, July 31, 2006.

64. Jonathan Alter, Interview with author, August 10, 2006.

65. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

66. “President Clinton’s Eulogy at President Nixon’s Funeral,” AP, April 28, 1994.

67. Lynn Cutler, Interview with author, June 29, 2006.

68. Theodore Sorensen, Interview with author, August 16, 2006.

69. Conrad Black, Interview with author, December 14, 2006.

70. Ibid.; Harry F. Rosenthal, “Nixon Completes His Journey as Thousands Pay Respects,” AP, April 27, 1994; Federal News Service, “Funeral Services for President Richard Milhous Nixon; Officiant: The Reverend Billy Graham; Eulogists: Henry A. Kissinger, Former Secretary of State, Senator Bob Dole (R-KS), Governor Pete Wilson (R-CA), President Clinton; the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace, Yorba Linda, California,” April 27, 1994.

71. Tom Shales, “The Missed Moment,” WP, April 29, 1994.

72. “President Clinton’s Eulogy at Nixon’s Funeral,” AP, April 28, 1994.

73. Hank Sheinkopf, Interview with author, August 21, 2006.

74. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

75. Ray Lesniak, Interview with author, September 16, 2006.

76. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

77. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

78. Nelson Shanks, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.

79. Jonathan Darman, “Does Bill Clinton Help or Hurt Hillary? It’s Another First: The Spouse of an Ex-President Running for the White House. What Role Is He Playing, and What Would He Do as, Yes, ‘First Gentleman’?” NW, May 28, 2007.

80. Phil Stefani, Interview with author, August 15, 2006.

81. Irena Medavoy, Interview with author, October 23, 2006; Interview—source wishes to remain anonymous.

82. Susan Baer, “Hillary’s World,” Washingtonian, April 2007.

83. Tom Vilsack, Interview with author, January 29, 2007.

84. Susie Tompkins Buell, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

*While appearing on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, in late September 2007, Clinton suggested that presidential candidates get more sleep and diagnosed what was wrong with the Congress: “I do believe sleep deprivation has a lot to do with some of the edginess of Washington today,” he said.85

85.The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, Comedy Central, September 20, 2007.

86. John Emerson, Interview with author, September 20, 2006.

87. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

88. Simon Rosenberg, Interview with author, January 26, 2007.

89. Jake Siewert, Interview with author, January 15, 2007.

90. Chris Stamos, Interview with author, November 2, 2006.

91. Anthony Campolo, e-mail to author, October 27, 2006.

92. Alan Solomont, Interview with author, August 9, 2006.

93. Lou Weisbach, Interview with author, July 11, 2006.

94. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

Chapter 13 IT’S MONICA, STUPID!

1. Susan Davis, Interview with author, November 22, 2006.

2. Tim Wirth, Interview with author, November 7, 2006.

3. George McGovern, Interview with author, November 1, 2006.

4. Tony Coelho, Interview with author, September 5, 2006.

5. Peter Hart, Interview with author, September 7, 2006.

6. Patrick Creadon, Interview with author, October 31, 2006.

7. Don Hewitt, Interview with author, September 7, 2006; Simon Rosenberg, Interview with author, January 26, 2007; Patricia Calhoun, Interview with author, June 23, 2006; Rocky Anderson, Interview with author, October 20, 2006.

8. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

9. Peggy Noonan, “Ford Without Tears,” WSJ, December 30, 2006.

10. Larry King, Interview with author, October 28, 2006.

11. Lou Susman, Interview with author, May 30, 2006.

12. Interview; source wishes to remain anonymous.

13. Bob Clifford, Interview with author, June 6, 2006.

14. Leon Panetta, Interview with author, October 17, 2006.

15. Elaine Kamarck, Interview with author, October 10, 2006.

16. Douglas Brinkley, Interview with author, September 14, 2006.