The Last Hero: A Life of Henry Aaron - Howard Bryant (2010)


Aaron, Hank, with Lonnie Wheeler. I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Aaron, Henry, with Stan Baldwin and Jerry Jenkins. Bad Henry. Radnor, Pennsylvania: Chilton, 1974.

Adelson, Bruce. Brushing Back Jim Crow: The Integration of Minor-League Baseball in the American South. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1999.

Alsobrook, David. Alabama’s Port City: Mobile During the Progressive Era, 1896–1917. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1983.

Angell, Roger. The Summer Game. New York: Penguin, 1972.

——. Once More Around the Park: A Baseball Reader. New York: Ballantine,1991.

Aukofer, Frank A. City with a Chance: A Case History of Civil Rights Revolution. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2007.

Baldwin, James. The Fire Next Time. New York: Vintage, 1963.

Biven, Shawn A. Mobile, Alabama’s People of Color: A Tricentennial History, 1702–2002. Victoria, British Columbia: Trafford, 2004.

Bouton, Jim. Ball Four. New York: World Publishing Company, 1970.

Buege, Bob. The Milwaukee Braves: A Baseball Eulogy. Milwaukee: Douglas American Sports Publications, 1988.

Callow, Simon. Orson Welles: The Road to Xanadu. New York: Penguin, 1995.

Carter, Jimmy. An Hour Before Daylight. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.

——. A Remarkable Mother. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2008.

Cuhaj, Joe, and Tamra Carraway-Hinckle. Baseball in Mobile: Images of Baseball. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia, 2003.

Davidson, Donald, with Jesse Outlar. Caught Short. New York: Atheneum,1972.

Davis-Horton. The Avenue: The Place, the People, the Memories. Mobile, Alabama: Horton, 1991.

Diouf, Silviane A. Dreams of Africa in Alabama: The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Story of the Last Africans Brought to America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. Reprint, New York: Barnes and Noble Classics, 2003.

Einstein, Charles. Willie’s Time: A Memoir. New York: Penguin, 1989.

Ellison, Ralph. Invisible Man. 1947. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 1990.

Faulkner, David. Great Time Coming: The Life of Jackie Robinson from Baseball to Birmingham. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

Flood, Curt. The Way It Is. New York: Trident Press, 1971.

Fussman, Cal. After Jackie: Pride, Prejudice and Baseball’s Forgotten Heroes. New York: ESPN Books, 2007.

Gilbert, Tom. Baseball and the Color Line. New York: Franklin Watts, 1995.

Gibson, Bob, with Lonnie Wheeler. Stranger to the Game: The Autobiography of Bob Gibson. New York: Viking, 1994.

Grant, Jim “Mudcat.” The Black Aces: Baseball’s Only African-American Twenty-Game Winners. Farmingdale, New York: The Black Aces, LLC, 2006.

Halberstam, David. The Children. New York: Random House, 1998.

Helyar, John. Lords of the Realm: The Real History of Baseball. New York: Villard, 1994.

Hirshberg, Al. Henry Aaron: Quiet Superstar. New York: G. P. Putnam and Sons, 1969.

Kahn, Roger. The Boys of Summer. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

——. The Era: 1947–1957, When the Yankees, the Giants, and the Dodgers Ruled the World. New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1993.

——. Beyond the Boys of Summer: The Very Best of Roger Kahn. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Kuhn, Bowie. Hardball: The Education of a Commissioner. New York: Times Books, 1987.

Leavy, Jane. Sandy Koufax: A Lefty’s Legacy. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.

Lemann, Nicholas. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America. New York: Vintage, 1992.

——. Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006.

Litwack, Leon F. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

Loewen, James, W. Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimenson of American Racism. New York: Touchstone, 2005.

Lowery, Philip J. Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of Major League and Negro League Ballparks. New York: Walker, 2006.

McCarty, Clinton. The Reins of Power: Racial Change and Challenge in a Southern City. Tallahassee, Florida: Sentry Press, 1999.

McKiven, Henry M., Jr. Iron and Steel: Class, Race, and Community in Birmingham, Alabama, 1875–1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Malcolm X, and Alex Haley. The Autobiography of Malcolm X. New York: Grove Press, 1964.

Maraniss, David. Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

Mathews, Eddie. Eddie Mathews and the National Pastime. Milwaukee: Douglas American Sports Publications, 1994.

Mays, Willie. My Life In and Out of Baseball. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1966.

Miller, Marvin. A Whole Different Ball Game: The Inside Story of Baseball’s New Deal. New York: Fireside, 1991.

Moffi, Larry, and Jonathan Kronstadt. Crossing the Line: Black Major Leaguers, 1947–1959. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1994.

Montville, Leigh. Ted Williams: The Biography of an American Hero. New York: Doubleday, 2004.

Poling, Jerry. A Summer Up North: Henry Aaron and the Legend of Eau Claire Baseball. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Polk’s Mobile City Directory, 1928–1998.

Pomerantz, Gary. Where Peachtree Meets Sweet Autumn: A Saga of Race and Family. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Rampersad, Arnold. Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf,1997.

Ribowsky, Mark. Don’t Look Back: Satchel Paige in the Shadows of Baseball. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Roberts, Gene, and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Awakening of a Nation. New York: Vintage, 2006.

Robinson, Jackie. Baseball Has Done It. 1964. Reprint, Brooklyn, New York: IG Publishing, 2005.

Rogers, William Warren, Robert David Ward, Leah Rawls Atkins, and Wayne Flynt. Alabama: The History of a Deep South State. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1994.

Schoor, Gene. Lew Burdette and the Braves. New York: G. P. Putnam and Sons,1960.

Snyder, Brad. A Well-Paid Slave: Curt Flood’s Fight for Free Agency in Professional Sports. New York: Viking, 2006.

Sports Illustrated. The Hammer: The Best of Hank Aaron from the Pages of Sports Illustrated. New York: Sports Illustrated, 2007.

Stanton, Tom. Hank Aaron and the Home Run That Changed America. New York: William Morrow, 2004.

Stewart, Mark, and Mike Kennedy. Hammering Hank: How the Media Made Henry Aaron. Guilford, Connecticut: Lyons Press, 2006.

Torre, Joe. Chasing the Dream: My Lifelong Journey to the World Series. New York: Bantam, 1997.

Vascellaro, Charlie. Hank Aaron: A Biography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2005.

Zinn, Howard. A People’s History of the United States: 1492–Present. New York: Perennial Classics, 1999.


Nordmann, Christopher Andrew. Free Negroes in Mobile County, Alabama. Ph.D. diss., University of Alabama, 1990.