Ezra Pound: Poet: Volume III: The Tragic Years 1939-1972 - A. David Moody (2015)

CHRONOLOGY

1939

28 Jan., death of W. B. Yeats at Cap Martin on the French Riviera.

Mar., Hitler invades and occupies the remainder of Czechoslovakia.

April, Italy annexes Albania.

Apr., EP’s What Is Money For published by Greater Britain Publications.

Apr.–June, EP goes to America in hope of persuading President Roosevelt to keep USA out of the looming European war. Awarded honorary doctorate by Hamilton College.

26 June, death of Ford Madox Ford at Deauville, France.

Aug., EP contributing to Meridiano di Roma.

1 Sept., Germany invades Poland, thus setting off the Second World War.

Nov., EP declares ‘my economic work is done’, prepares to write his paradiso.

1940

Jan., Cantos LII–LXXI [‘China’—‘John Adams’] published by Faber.

Feb., EP made life member of American Academy of Political and Social Sciences.

Apr.–May, Germany invades Denmark and Norway, then Belgium, Holland, and France.

June, fall of France; Italy enters war.

Sept., EP attempts to return to USA, but no clipper passage available.

Oct., Italy invades Greece.

1941

Jan., EP begins broadcasts over Rome Radio. Death of James Joyce in Zurich.

Apr., Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.

June, Germany invades Russia.

July, US State Dept. limits EP’s passport to six months and for return to USA only.

Sept., EP translating Ta Hio into Italian.

Oct., EP tries to arrange visit to USA but feels rebuffed by US Chargé d’Affaires in Rome. US Federal Communications Commisssion (FCC) begins monitoring EP’s broadcasts.

7 Dec., Japan attacks US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; 8 Dec., USA declares war on Japan; 11 Dec., Germany and Italy declare war on USA.

Dec., EP suspends broadcasts, but tells Reynolds Packard that he intends to stay on in Italy.

1942

29 Jan., EP resumes broadcasts. Granted official permission to remain in Italy.

Feb., death in Rapallo of Homer Pound, EP’s father.

June, report in US newspaper that EP had been prevented by the US Chargé d’Affaires from leaving Italy with other Americans on the last diplomatic train. However, there is no other evidence that he sought repatriation at that time; and in 1960 he could not recall having been directly refused permission to leave Italy in that year.

Oct., second battle of El Alamein begins defeat of Axis forces in North Africa.

Dec., EP’s Carta da visita published in Rome.

1943

Jan.–Feb., battle of Stalingrad and defeat of German army there, followed by retreat from Russia.

July, EP indicted with others in absentia for treason against the USA.

July, Mussolini dismissed by king, arrested, and imprisoned. Allies bomb Rome.

Sept., Italy surrenders; German forces now occupy Italy; Allied forces land in southern Italy; Mussolini rescued from captivity by German troops and under German direction sets up Repubblica Sociale Italiana (RSI) from Salò on Lake Garda.

Nov., EP begins writing his own propaganda for Salò government.

1944

Jan., US authorities order eventual arrest and interrogation of EP.

Feb., EP’s L’America, Roosevelt e le cause della guerra presente published in

Venice by RSI press.

Apr., EP’s Oro e lavoro published in Rapallo.

May, German authorities order evacuation of Rapallo seafront—EP and DP move in with OR at Sant’Ambrogio.

June, EP’s Introduzione alla natura economica degli S.U.A. published in Venice by RSI press.

June, Rome falls to Allies; Allied landings in Normandy.

July, Testamento di Confucio, ‘Versione italiana di Ezra Pound e di Alberto Luchini’, published in Venice by RSI press.

15 Aug., Allied forces take Florence; 25 Aug., liberation of Paris.

Sept., Orientamenti, a collection of EP’s contributions to Meridiano di Roma, published in Venice by RSI press.

Dec., Jefferson e Mussolini, EP’s Italian version of J/M, published in Venice by RSI press.

1945

Feb., Chiung Iung/L’asse che non vacilla, EP’s Italian version of Confucius: The

Unwobbling Pivot, published in Venice by RSI press.

28 Apr., Mussolini caught and killed by Italian Communist partisans; 30 Apr., Hitler commits suicide in Berlin bunker.

2 May, German forces in Italy surrender; 7 May, all German forces in Europe surrender to AlliesThe war in the Pacific continues until Japan surrenders 14 Aug. after USA drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

3 May, EP taken prisoner by two ex-Fascist petty criminals now acting as partisans and driven to partisan command in Zoagli, where he asks to be taken to the US command in Chiavari; taken instead to partisan command in Chiavari, where EP again asks to be taken to the Americans. The partisan in charge tells him he is free to go home if he wishes, but then at EP’s insistence has him driven to the American command in Lavagna. From there he is driven to Genoa for arrest and interrogation at the US Counter Intelligence Center there.

24 May, EP transferred to 6677th Disciplinary Training Center (DTC) north of Pisa and there confined in a steel-reinforced cage in the maximum security area until 18 June, when he is provided with a tent in the medical compound and allowed some freedom of movement.

Between the end of June and mid-October composes The Pisan Cantos; and between 5 Oct. and 5 Nov. types up his English version of Confucius: The Unwobbling Pivot & The Great Digest.

17–18 Nov., EP flown from Rome to Washington DC to answer treason charges, delivered to District of Columbia jail.

19 Nov., preliminary arraignment before Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws.

27 Nov., formal arraignment with a freshly drawn up indictment; Cornell, appearing as EP’s attorney, says EP is unfit to plead on grounds of insanity, and he is remanded to Washington Asylum and Jail.

4 Dec., transferred to psychiatric ward of Gallinger Hospital for examination and observation by four psychiatrists.

21 Dec., the psychiatrists report to Court that EP ‘is insane and mentally unfit for trial’, and EP is ordered to be transferred to St Elizabeths Hospital for the insane; Justice Department calls for a statutory insanity hearing to test whether EP is feigning insanity. The psychiatrists at St Elizabeths, apart from their director, do not find him insane.

1946

13 Feb., at the hearing the four psychiatrists again all testify that he is unfit to plead or to stand trial, and he is committed to be confined indefinitely in St Elizabeths where he will be held in Howard Hall with the criminally insane until Feb. 1947. While there he will draft translations of the 305 Confucian odes.

July, DP arrives Washington DC, and will visit EP on nearly all visiting days for the following twelve years.

30 Oct., Cornell has Court appoint DP ‘Committee’ in charge of the person and property of Ezra Pound.

1947

3 Feb., EP transferred from Howard Hall to Cedar Ward in Center Building.

March, EP’s translation, Confucius. The Unwobbling Pivot & The Great Digest, published by New Directions.

1948

Jan., OR has six of EP’s Rome Radio broadcasts privately printed in Siena and distributed gratis as ‘If This Be Treason’.

Feb., EP transferred to Chestnut Ward in Center Building, where he will remain until released in 1958.

9 Feb., death of Isabel Weston Pound, EP’s mother, at his daughter’s castle in the Italian Tyrol.

July, The Pisan Cantos, and The Cantos of Ezra Pound [I–LXXXIV], published by New Directions.

Sept., Mary and Boris de Rachewiltz acquire Schloss Brunnenburg at Dorf Tirol above Merano in the Adige valley.

1949

Feb., EP controversially awarded the Bollingen Prize for Poetry.

EP working on the sound of the Confucian odes, and on a version of Sophocles’ Elektra.

1950

EP’s translation of Confucian Analects published in Hudson Review.

The Letters of Ezra Pound 1907–1941, ed. D. D. Paige, published by Harcourt, Brace in New York.

1951

John Kasper begins publishing Square $ series of EP’s required reading.

Dec., EP’s version of Confucius. The Great Digest & The Unwobbling Pivot with facing Chinese text from the original ‘Stone Text’ published by New Directions.

1952

Jan., Sheri Martinelli, his beloved muse in Rock-Drill, begins visiting EP.

Apr., OR visits EP for the first time.

1953

Mar., EP resumes drafting cantos.

Mar.–May, MdR in Washington DC visiting EP.

July, The Translations of Ezra Pound published by Faber.

Nov., EP’s version of Sophokles’ Women of Trachis published in Hudson Review.

1954

Jan., Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, ed. T. S. Eliot, published by Faber.

Sept., EP’s The Classic Anthology Defined by Confucius published by Harvard University Press.

1955

June, OR’s second visit to EP in St Elizabeths.

Sept., Section: Rock-Drill/85–95 de los cantares published in Milan by Vanni Scheiwiller.

1956

Apr., canto 96, the first of Thrones, published in Hudson Review; canto 97 published there in October.

Sept., Marcella Spann, who will be the muse of his last cantos, first visits EP.

Nov., EP’s version of Sophokles’ Women of Trachis published by Neville Spearman in London.

1957

Oct.–Dec., EP drafting the ‘Coke cantos’, 107–9, which conclude Thrones.

1958

The efforts of Archibald MacLeish, assisted by Robert Frost, and supported by

Dag Hammarskjöld, finally persuade the President, the State Department, and the Justice Department to agree to drop the treason charge against EP.

18 Apr., Judge Bolitha J. Laws orders that the indictment be dismissed—EP is freed from St Elizabeths, but is still in the care of his Committee.

30 June, EP, DP, and Marcella Spann (MS), sail from New York for Genoa, arriving 10 July, and going on to be welcomed by Mary and Boris de Rachewiltz at Brunnenburg.

19–21 Sept., and again 10–13 Nov., EP and MS visit Venice; in Dec. EP sketches opening lines of canto 110 with reference to Torcello.

1959

11–15 Jan., EP, DP, and MS visit around Lake Garda—EP drafting 110. The rest of Drafts & Fragments drafted in notebooks in following months through to Aug.

27 Feb., EP, DP, and MS leave Brunnenburg for an apartment in Rapallo.

Apr., EP interviewed by Bridson for BBC.

28 Sept., MS returns to America.

4 Oct., EP and DP move back to Brunnenburg; EP, seriously depressed, is in a state of collapse.

Dec., Thrones/96–109 de los cantares published in Milan by Vanni Scheiwiller. Last fragments of drafts in poetry notebooks.

1960

10 Jan., EP goes down to Rome, staying with Dadone, an old friend; DP goes to Rapallo.

Feb.–Mar., EP interviewed by Donald Hall for Paris Review.

June, EP leaves Rome for Rapallo.

15 July, EP and DP go up to Brunnenburg, and EP, physically in a bad state and not eating, goes into clinic in Merano for two weeks. Afterwards depression deepens.

1961

3 Jan., EP writes to OR, ‘Why o couldn’t I have come to you?’

Mar., EP goes down to Rome again to stay with Dadone.

May, MdR, summoned by Dadone, puts EP into a Casa di Cura in Rome for a month;

OR visits him there.

15 June, MdR and OR take EP to Merano and place him in the Martinsbrunn Casa di

Cura—he will remain there until Apr. 1962.

Sept., death of HD.

1962

26 Apr., MdR takes EP to Rapallo where OR is to care for him. Diagnosed as having been suffering from enlarged prostate causing retention of urine and serious uremic blood poisoning requiring urgent treatment in Dr Bacigalupo’s Villa Chiara. Will live henceforth with OR in Sant’Ambrogio and Venice. Increasingly silent with those to whom he has nothing to say.

June, BBC broadcasts new production of EP’s Le Testament.

Nov., Poetry (Chicago) awards its 50th Anniversary Harriet Monroe Memorial Prize to EP.

1963

Feb., EP interviewed by Grazia Livi for Epoca.

4 Mar., death of William Carlos Williams.

Aug., awarded Academy of American Poets Fellowship for 1963.

Nov., successful disintoxification treatment at Clinique La Prairie near Montreux in

Switzerland.

1964

Confucius to Cummings/An Anthology of Poetry, edited by Ezra Pound & Marcella Spann, published by New Directions.

1965

4 Jan., death of T. S. Eliot in London. EP attends memorial service in Westminster

Abbey on 4 Feb.; then goes on to Dublin to see Yeats’s widow.

July, EP is Gian-Carlo Menotti’s guest of honour at his Spoleto Two Worlds Festival, where Le Testament is being performed as a ballet; he reads works by Marianne Moore and Robert Lowell, and, in the piazza, from his own Cantos. EP a presence at Spoleto Festival each year to 1971.

21 Oct.–3 Nov., guest of Dominique de Roux in Paris for his 80th birthday on the 30th.

1966

Proposal for establishing in Beinecke Library of Yale University a Center for the Study of Ezra Pound and his Contemporaries, upon the acquisition of the Pound Archive.

1967

Jan., EP visits Joyce’s grave in Zurich, and gives directions for his own to be in Hailey, Idaho.

June, on visit to Paris attends Beckett’s Fin de partie and is called on by Beckett.

Oct., Allen Ginsberg conversations with EP in Venice.

Dec., EP’s selection, Selected Cantos, published by Faber

1968

Jan., interview for RAI, partly with Pier Paolo Pasolini.

1969

April, Drafts & Fragments of Cantos CX–CXVII published by New Directions.

June, EP and OR fly to New York for the opening of an exhibition of the original drafts of The Waste Land with EP’s annotations, and to attend a meeting of the Academy of American Poets. Since Laughlin is about to be awarded an honorary degree at Hamilton College they accompany him, and Pound is accorded a standing ovation.

1970

Oct., EP attends Buckminster Fuller’s lectures in Venice, and they talk.

1971

July, EP nominated by the selecting panel to be awarded the prestigious Emerson-Thoreau medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, but the nomination is overruled by the Council of the Academy.

1972

5 Feb., death of Marianne Moore—EP organizes memorial service in Venice and reads her poem ‘What Are Years?’

26 Oct., DP applies to Washington Court to be replaced as Committee by her attorney.

1 Nov., death in Venice of EP.

3 Nov., funeral service in San Giorgio Maggiore, followed by burial on the cemetery island San Michele.

1973

8 Dec., death of DP near Cambridge, England.

1996

15 Mar., death of OR at Brunnenburg, buried beside EP in Venice.

1939

28 Jan., death of W. B. Yeats at Cap Martin on the French Riviera.

Mar., Hitler invades and occupies the remainder of Czechoslovakia.

April, Italy annexes Albania.

Apr., EP’s What Is Money For published by Greater Britain Publications.

Apr.–June, EP goes to America in hope of persuading President Roosevelt to keep USA out of the looming European war. Awarded honorary doctorate by Hamilton College.

26 June, death of Ford Madox Ford at Deauville, France.

Aug., EP contributing to Meridiano di Roma.

1 Sept., Germany invades Poland, thus setting off the Second World War.

Nov., EP declares ‘my economic work is done’, prepares to write his paradiso.

1940

Jan., Cantos LII–LXXI [‘China’—‘John Adams’] published by Faber.

Feb., EP made life member of American Academy of Political and Social Sciences.

Apr.–May, Germany invades Denmark and Norway, then Belgium, Holland, and France.

June, fall of France; Italy enters war.

Sept., EP attempts to return to USA, but no clipper passage available.

Oct., Italy invades Greece.

1941

Jan., EP begins broadcasts over Rome Radio. Death of James Joyce in Zurich.

Apr., Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.

June, Germany invades Russia.

July, US State Dept. limits EP’s passport to six months and for return to USA only.

Sept., EP translating Ta Hio into Italian.

Oct., EP tries to arrange visit to USA but feels rebuffed by US Chargé d’Affaires in Rome. US Federal Communications Commisssion (FCC) begins monitoring EP’s broadcasts.

7 Dec., Japan attacks US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; 8 Dec., USA declares war on Japan; 11 Dec., Germany and Italy declare war on USA.

Dec., EP suspends broadcasts, but tells Reynolds Packard that he intends to stay on in Italy.

1942

29 Jan., EP resumes broadcasts. Granted official permission to remain in Italy.

Feb., death in Rapallo of Homer Pound, EP’s father.

June, report in US newspaper that EP had been prevented by the US Chargé d’Affaires from leaving Italy with other Americans on the last diplomatic train. However, there is no other evidence that he sought repatriation at that time; and in 1960 he could not recall having been directly refused permission to leave Italy in that year.

Oct., second battle of El Alamein begins defeat of Axis forces in North Africa.

Dec., EP’s Carta da visita published in Rome.

1943

Jan.–Feb., battle of Stalingrad and defeat of German army there, followed by retreat from Russia.

July, EP indicted with others in absentia for treason against the USA.

July, Mussolini dismissed by king, arrested, and imprisoned. Allies bomb Rome.

Sept., Italy surrenders; German forces now occupy Italy; Allied forces land in southern Italy; Mussolini rescued from captivity by German troops and under German direction sets up Repubblica Sociale Italiana (RSI) from Salò on Lake Garda.

Nov., EP begins writing his own propaganda for Salò government.

1944

Jan., US authorities order eventual arrest and interrogation of EP.

Feb., EP’s L’America, Roosevelt e le cause della guerra presente published in

Venice by RSI press.

Apr., EP’s Oro e lavoro published in Rapallo.

May, German authorities order evacuation of Rapallo seafront—EP and DP move in with OR at Sant’Ambrogio.

June, EP’s Introduzione alla natura economica degli S.U.A. published in Venice by RSI press.

June, Rome falls to Allies; Allied landings in Normandy.

July, Testamento di Confucio, ‘Versione italiana di Ezra Pound e di Alberto Luchini’, published in Venice by RSI press.

15 Aug., Allied forces take Florence; 25 Aug., liberation of Paris.

Sept., Orientamenti, a collection of EP’s contributions to Meridiano di Roma, published in Venice by RSI press.

Dec., Jefferson e Mussolini, EP’s Italian version of J/M, published in Venice by RSI press.

1945

Feb., Chiung Iung/L’asse che non vacilla, EP’s Italian version of Confucius:

The Unwobbling Pivot, published in Venice by RSI press.

28 Apr., Mussolini caught and killed by Italian Communist partisans; 30 Apr., Hitler commits suicide in Berlin bunker.

2 May, German forces in Italy surrender; 7 May, all German forces in Europe surrender to AlliesThe war in the Pacific continues until Japan surrenders 14 Aug. after USA drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

3 May, EP taken prisoner by two ex-Fascist petty criminals now acting as partisans and driven to partisan command in Zoagli, where he asks to be taken to the US command in Chiavari; taken instead to partisan command in Chiavari, where EP again asks to be taken to the Americans. The partisan in charge tells him he is free to go home if he wishes, but then at EP’s insistence has him driven to the American command in Lavagna. From there he is driven to Genoa for arrest and interrogation at the US Counter Intelligence Center there.

24 May, EP transferred to 6677th Disciplinary Training Center (DTC) north of Pisa and there confined in a steel-reinforced cage in the maximum security area until 18 June, when he is provided with a tent in the medical compound and allowed some freedom of movement.

Between the end of June and mid-October composes The Pisan Cantos; and between 5 Oct. and 5 Nov. types up his English version of Confucius: The Unwobbling Pivot & The Great Digest.

17–18 Nov., EP flown from Rome to Washington DC to answer treason charges, delivered to District of Columbia jail.

19 Nov., preliminary arraignment before Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws.

27 Nov., formal arraignment with a freshly drawn up indictment; Cornell, appearing as EP’s attorney, says EP is unfit to plead on grounds of insanity, and he is remanded to Washington Asylum and Jail.

4 Dec., transferred to psychiatric ward of Gallinger Hospital for examination and observation by four psychiatrists.

21 Dec., the psychiatrists report to Court that EP ‘is insane and mentally unfit for trial’, and EP is ordered to be transferred to St Elizabeths Hospital for the insane; Justice Department calls for a statutory insanity hearing to test whether EP is feigning insanity. The psychiatrists at St Elizabeths, apart from their director, do not find him insane.

1946

13 Feb., at the hearing the four psychiatrists again all testify that he is unfit to plead or to stand trial, and he is committed to be confined indefinitely in St Elizabeths where he will be held in Howard Hall with the criminally insane until Feb. 1947. While there he will draft translations of the 305 Confucian odes.

July, DP arrives Washington DC, and will visit EP on nearly all visiting days for the following twelve years.

30 Oct., Cornell has Court appoint DP ‘Committee’ in charge of the person and property of Ezra Pound.

1947

3 Feb., EP transferred from Howard Hall to Cedar Ward in Center Building.

March, EP’s translation, Confucius. The Unwobbling Pivot & The Great Digest, published by New Directions.

1948

Jan., OR has six of EP’s Rome Radio broadcasts privately printed in Siena and distributed gratis as ‘If This Be Treason’.

Feb., EP transferred to Chestnut Ward in Center Building, where he will remain until released in 1958.

9 Feb., death of Isabel Weston Pound, EP’s mother, at his daughter’s castle in the Italian Tyrol.

July, The Pisan Cantos, and The Cantos of Ezra Pound [I–LXXXIV], published by New Directions.

Sept., Mary and Boris de Rachewiltz acquire Schloss Brunnenburg at Dorf Tirol above Merano in the Adige valley.

1949

Feb., EP controversially awarded the Bollingen Prize for Poetry.

EP working on the sound of the Confucian odes, and on a version of Sophocles’ Elektra.

1950

EP’s translation of Confucian Analects published in Hudson Review.

The Letters of Ezra Pound 1907–1941, ed. D. D. Paige, published by Harcourt, Brace in New York.

1951

John Kasper begins publishing Square $ series of EP’s required reading.

Dec., EP’s version of Confucius. The Great Digest & The Unwobbling Pivot with facing Chinese text from the original ‘Stone Text’ published by New Directions.

1952

Jan., Sheri Martinelli, his beloved muse in Rock-Drill, begins visiting EP.

Apr., OR visits EP for the first time.

1953

Mar., EP resumes drafting cantos.

Mar.–May, MdR in Washington DC visiting EP.

July, The Translations of Ezra Pound published by Faber.

Nov., EP’s version of Sophokles’ Women of Trachis published in Hudson Review.

1954

Jan., Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, ed. T. S. Eliot, published by Faber.

Sept., EP’s The Classic Anthology Defined by Confucius published by Harvard University Press.

1955

June, OR’s second visit to EP in St Elizabeths.

Sept., Section: Rock-Drill/85–95 de los cantares published in Milan by Vanni Scheiwiller.

1956

Apr., canto 96, the first of Thrones, published in Hudson Review; canto 97 published there in October.

Sept., Marcella Spann, who will be the muse of his last cantos, first visits EP.

Nov., EP’s version of Sophokles’ Women of Trachis published by Neville Spearman in London.

1957

Oct.–Dec., EP drafting the ‘Coke cantos’, 107–9, which conclude Thrones.

1958

The efforts of Archibald MacLeish, assisted by Robert Frost, and supported by Dag Hammarskjöld, finally persuade the President, the State Department, and the Justice Department to agree to drop the treason charge against EP.

18 Apr., Judge Bolitha J. Laws orders that the indictment be dismissed—EP is freed from St Elizabeths, but is still in the care of his Committee.

30 June, EP, DP, and Marcella Spann (MS), sail from New York for Genoa, arriving 10 July, and going on to be welcomed by Mary and Boris de Rachewiltz at Brunnenburg.

19–21 Sept., and again 10–13 Nov., EP and MS visit Venice; in Dec. EP sketches opening lines of canto 110 with reference to Torcello.

1959

11–15 Jan., EP, DP, and MS visit around Lake Garda—EP drafting 110. The rest of Drafts & Fragments drafted in notebooks in following months through to Aug.

27 Feb., EP, DP, and MS leave Brunnenburg for an apartment in Rapallo.

Apr., EP interviewed by Bridson for BBC.

28 Sept., MS returns to America.

4 Oct., EP and DP move back to Brunnenburg; EP, seriously depressed, is in a state of collapse.

Dec., Thrones/96–109 de los cantares published in Milan by Vanni Scheiwiller. Last fragments of drafts in poetry notebooks.

1960

10 Jan., EP goes down to Rome, staying with Dadone, an old friend; DP goes to Rapallo.

Feb.–Mar., EP interviewed by Donald Hall for Paris Review.

June, EP leaves Rome for Rapallo.

15 July, EP and DP go up to Brunnenburg, and EP, physically in a bad state and not eating, goes into clinic in Merano for two weeks. Afterwards depression deepens.

1961

3 Jan., EP writes to OR, ‘Why o couldn’t I have come to you?’

Mar., EP goes down to Rome again to stay with Dadone.

May, MdR, summoned by Dadone, puts EP into a Casa di Cura in Rome for a month; OR visits him there.

15 June, MdR and OR take EP to Merano and place him in the Martinsbrunn Casa di Cura—he will remain there until Apr. 1962.

Sept., death of HD.

1962

26 Apr., MdR takes EP to Rapallo where OR is to care for him. Diagnosed as having been suffering from enlarged prostate causing retention of urine and serious uremic blood poisoning requiring urgent treatment in Dr Bacigalupo’s Villa Chiara. Will live henceforth with OR in Sant’Ambrogio and Venice. Increasingly silent with those to whom he has nothing to say.

June, BBC broadcasts new production of EP’s Le Testament.

Nov., Poetry (Chicago) awards its 50th Anniversary Harriet Monroe Memorial Prize to EP.

1963

Feb., EP interviewed by Grazia Livi for Epoca.

4 Mar., death of William Carlos Williams.

Aug., awarded Academy of American Poets Fellowship for 1963.

Nov., successful disintoxification treatment at Clinique La Prairie near

Montreux in Switzerland.

1964

Confucius to Cummings/An Anthology of Poetry, edited by Ezra Pound & Marcella Spann, published by New Directions.

1965

4 Jan., death of T. S. Eliot in London. EP attends memorial service in Westminster Abbey on 4 Feb.; then goes on to Dublin to see Yeats’s widow.July, EP is Gian-Carlo Menotti’s guest of honour at his Spoleto Two Worlds Festival, where Le Testament is being performed as a ballet; he reads works by Marianne Moore and Robert Lowell, and, in the piazza, from his own Cantos. EP a presence at Spoleto Festival each year to 1971. 21 Oct.–3 Nov., guest of Dominique de Roux in Paris for his 80th birthday on the 30th.

4–11 Nov., visit with OR to Greece, a birthday gift from Natalie Barney.

1966

Proposal for establishing in Beinecke Library of Yale University a Center for the Study of Ezra Pound and his Contemporaries, upon the acquisition of the Pound Archive.

1967

Jan., EP visits Joyce’s grave in Zurich, and gives directions for his own to be in Hailey, Idaho.

June, on visit to Paris attends Beckett’s Fin de partie and is called on by Beckett.

Oct., Allen Ginsberg conversations with EP in Venice.

Dec., EP’s selection, Selected Cantos, published by Faber.

1968

Jan., interview for RAI, partly with Pier Paolo Pasolini.

1969

April, Drafts & Fragments of Cantos CX–CXVII published by New Directions.

June, EP and OR fly to New York for the opening of an exhibition of the original drafts of The Waste Land with EP’s annotations, and to attend a meeting of the Academy of American Poets. Since Laughlin is about to be awarded an honorary degree at Hamilton College they accompany him, and Pound is accorded a standing ovation.

1970

Oct., EP attends Buckminster Fuller’s lectures in Venice, and they talk.

1971

July, EP nominated by the selecting panel to be awarded the prestigious Emerson-Thoreau medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, but the nomination is overruled by the Council of the Academy.

1972

5 Feb., death of Marianne Moore—EP organizes memorial service in Venice and reads her poem ‘What Are Years?’

26 Oct., DP applies to Washington Court to be replaced as Committee by her attorney.

1 Nov., death in Venice of EP.

3 Nov., funeral service in San Giorgio Maggiore, followed by burial on the cemetery island San Michele.

1973

8 Dec., death of DP near Cambridge, England.

1996

15 Mar., death of OR at Brunnenburg, buried beside EP in Venice.