Smoking Ears and Screaming Teeth - Trevor Norton (2010)

Bibliography

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Trials and tribulations

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Revill, J., R. McKie & A Hill, ‘Drug chief defends tests on volunteers’, in The Observer, 19 March 2006, p. 2

Shetty, P., ‘Plight of the human guinea pig’, in New Scientist, 11 July 2009, p. 48

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Lovely Grubs

Bompas, G.C., Life of Frank Buckland, Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1885

Brock, A.J., ‘The Reverend William Buckland, the first palaeoecologist’, in Biologist, 40 (4), 1993, 149–152

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Buckland, F., Notes and Jottings from Animal Life, Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1886

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Evans, H.M., Sting Fish and Seafarer, Faber & Faber, London, 1943

Furlow, B., ‘The freelance poisoner’, in New Scientist, 20 January 2001, 30–33

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Gardner-Thorpe, C., ‘Who was Frank Buckland?’, in Biologist, 48 (4), 2001, 187–188

Halsted, B.W., Dangerous Marine Animals, Cornell Maritime Press, Cambridge, Maryland, 1959

Hopkins, J., Strange Foods, Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., Hong Kong, 1999

Lockwood, S.J., ‘Buckland professors and dining clubs’, in Biologist, 48 (5), 2001, p. 200

Newman, C., ‘12 Toxic tales’, in National Geographic, May 2005, 4–31

Pain, S., ‘Bat out of Hell’, in New Scientist, 10 January 2004, 50–51

Ritvo, H., The Platypus and the Mermaid and other Figments of the Classifying Imagination, Harvard University Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1997

Scherschel, J.J., ‘Puffer’, in National Geographic, August 1984, 4–31

Spinney, L., ‘The killer beans of Calabar’, in New Scientist, 28 June 2003, 48–49

Wilkinson, C., editor, The Observer Book of Food, Observer Books, London, 2008

A diet of worms

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Anon, ‘Diet of worms protects against bowel disease’, in New Scientist, 10 April 2004, p. 8

Anon, ‘Malaria vaccine’, in New Scientist, 13 December 2008, P.7

Barlow, C.H., ‘Experimental ingestion of the ova of Fasciolopsis buski; also the ingestion of adult F. bush for the purpose of artificial infestation’, in Journal of Parasitology, 8, 1921, 40–44

Barlow, C.H. & H.E. Meleney, ‘A voluntary infection with Schistosoma haematobium’, in American Journal of Tropical Medicine, 29, 1949, 79–87

Barnes, R.S.K., P. Calow & P.J.W. Olive, The Invertebrates: a New Synthesis, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1988

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Bondeson, J., ‘The Bosom Serpent’, in A Cabinet of Medical Curiosities, I. B. Tauris Publishers, London & New York, 1997, 26–50

Buchsbaum, R., Animals Without Backbones, Vol. 1, Pelican Books, Harmondsworth, 1951

Carlin, J., ‘It’s the world’s deadliest disease, killing more than 900,000 a year in Africa alone. But can Bill Gates’ dollars create a vaccine that could save a continent’s children?’, in The Observer Magazine, 17 February 2008, 26–34

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Geddes, L., ‘A diet of worms could keep MS at bay’, in New Scientist, 20 January 2007, p. 8

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Johnson, M.L., ‘Famous animals: The tapeworm’, in New Biology, 7, 1949, 113–123

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Kaplan, M., ‘Benefits of parasites’, in New Scientist, 11 July 2009, p. 43

McKie, R, ‘Now the doctors say parasitic worms are good for you’, in The Observer, 13 May 2001, p. 6

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The desire for disease

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Anon, ‘Gut reaction’, in New Scientist, 8 October 2005, p. 7

Anon., ‘Yellow fever alert’, in New Scientist, 8 March 2008, p. 7

Boese, A., ‘The whacko files – 9: The vomit-drinking doctor’, in New Scientist, 3 November 2007, 54–55

Chadwick, E., The Report of an Enquiry into the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain, 1842, ‘reprinted by Edinburgh University Press, 1965

Dickens, C., Bleak House, 1852–1853 reprinted by Penguin, London, 2003

Editorial, ‘The Cholera’, in British Medical Journal, 1856, 848–849

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George, A., ‘Hard to swallow’, an interview with Barry Marshall, in New Scientist, 9 December 2006, p. 53

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The disease detectives

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Anon, ‘Another martyr to yellow fever’, in Journal of the American Medical Association, 91, 1928, 107–108

Anon, ‘Bacteriologist dies of meningitis’, in Journal of the American Medical Association, 106, 1936, p. 129

Anon, ‘Anthrax mix-up’, in New Scientist, 19 June 2004, p. 5

Anon, ‘Ebola accident’, in New Scientist, 11 April 2009, p. 4

Asthana, A., ‘Inside Ebola’s zone of death’, in The Observer, 16 December 2007, p. 29

Bright, M., & S. Cooper, ‘Walter Mitty life of anthrax terror suspect’, in The Observer, 1 June 2003, p. 20

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British Broadcasting Corporation, ‘Pressure killed anthrax suspect’, in http://news.bbc.co.uk./2/hi/americas/7538373.stm 1 August 2008

British Broadcasting Corporation, ‘Scientist “lone anthrax attacker”’, in http://news.bbc.co.uk./2/hi/americas/7545398. stm 6 August 2008

Cunningham, W., ‘The work of two Scottish medical graduates in the control of woolsorters disease’, in Medical History, 1976, 169–173

Geddes, L., ‘Animal lab mishaps go unreported’, in New Scientist, 22/29 December 2007, p.11

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Guillemin, J., Biological Weapons, Columbia University Press, 2005

Hammond, E., ‘Keep biodefence honest’, in New Scientist, 6 October 2007, p. 24

Johnson, K.M., P.A. Webb, J.V. Lang & F. A. Murphy, ‘Isolation and partial characterisation of a new virus causing acute haemorrhagic fever in Zaire’, in The Lancet, 12 March 1977, 569–571

Lax, A., Toxin. The Cunning of Bacterial Poisons, Oxford University Press, 2005

Lederer, S., Subjected to Science. Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1995

McKenna, M., Beating Back the Devil, Free Press, New York, 2004

MacKenzie, D., ‘Lab slip-up could trigger next flu epidemic’, in New Scientist, 23 April 2005, p. 11

MacKenzie, D., ‘Marburg virus found in fruit bats’, in New Scientist, 1 September 2007, p. 14

MacKenzie, D., ‘The hunter and the doomsday virus’, an interview with Bob Swanepoel, in New Scientist, 3 November 2007, 56–57

MacKenzie, D., ‘Behind the 2001 anthrax attacks’, in New Scientist, 28 February 2009, p.13

Meselson, M., J. Guillemin, M. Hugh-Jones, A. Langmuir, I. Popova, A. Shelokov & O. Yampolskaya, ‘The Sverdlovsk anthrax outbreak of 1979’, in Science, 266, 1994, 1202–1208

Peters, C.J. & M. Olshaker, Virus Hunter, Anchor Books New York, 1997

Spinney, L., ‘Welcome to Fort Plague’, in New Scientist, 19 April 2008, 44–45

Townsend, M., ‘Terrorists try to infiltrate UK’s top labs’, in The Observer, 2 November 2008

Virgil, The Georgics of Virgil, Cape, London, 1943

Walker, D.H., O. Yampolska [sic] & L.M. Grinberg, ‘Death in Sverdlovsk: What have we learned?’ in American Journal of Pathology, 144, 1994, 1135–1140

That unhealthy glow

Alexander, F.W, ‘A victim to science. X-ray martyr’, in The Lancet, 22 January 1910, p. 267

Anon, ‘Power freak electrocuted’, in Irish Independent, 13 September 2006, p. 25

Anon, ‘Safer and cheaper MRI scanners’, in New Scientist, 17 November 2007, p. 27

Bourke, J., Fear. A Cultural History, Virago, London, 2005

Brown, G.I., Invisible Rays. A History of Radioactivity, Sutton Publishing, Stroud, 2002

Duchenne, G.B., The Mechanism of Human Facial Expression, 1862, Cambridge University Press, 1990

Cameron, D.E., ‘Psychic driving’, in American Journal of Psychiatry, 112, 1956, 502–509

Cameron, D.E., ‘Production of differential amnesia as a factor in the treatment of schizophrenia’, in Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1, 1960, 26–34

Collins, P., ‘Nothing but a ray of light’, in New Scientist, 8 September 2007, 68–69

Crooks, ‘A life history with X-rays’, in The Journal of the Radiological History and Heritage Charitable Trust, 2000, 11–38

Dalyell, T., ‘Eric Voice. Chemist who volunteered as a guinea pig’, in The Independent, 19 October 2004

Editorial, ‘ECT in Britain: A shameful state of affairs’, in The Lancet, 28 November 1981, 1207–1208

Freund, L., ‘Ein mit Röntgen-Strahlen behandelter Fall von Naevus pigmentosus piliferous’, in Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 47, 1897, 428–434

Goodchild, S., ‘Hundreds of patients given shock treatment without their consent’, in The Independent on Sunday, 13 October 2002, p. 8

Gourlay, K., ‘Scientist inhales deadly plutonium for test’, in The Independent on Sunday, 10 December 2000

Harvie, D.I., Deadly Sunshine. The History and Fatal Legacy of Radium, Tempus Publishing Ltd., Stroud, 2005

Jones, R. & O. Lodge, ‘The discovery of a bullet lost in the wrist by means of Roentgen ray’, in The Lancet, 22 February 1896, 476–477

Lemov, R., World as Laboratory. Experiments with Mice, Mazes and Men, Hill & Wang, New York, 2005

Mackay, C., ‘The magnetisers’, in Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds, 2nd edition, 1852, Wordsworth Editions 1995, 304–345

Maple, E., Magic, Medicine and Quackery, Robert Hale, London, 1968

Martland, H.S., ‘Occupational poisoning in manufacture of luminous watch dials’, in Journal of the American Medical Association, 9 February 1929, 466–473

Meyer, H.W., A History of Electricity and Magnetism, Burndy Library, Norwalk, Connecticut, 1972

Moore, W., The Knife Man, Bantam Press, London, 2005

Mould, R.F., ‘Early medical X-rays’; ‘Marriage and X-rays’; ‘The medico-legal significance of X-rays in the first year after their discovery’; ‘Interview with Pierre Curie and ninety years later’, in Mould’s Medical Anecdotes, omnibus edition, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol & Philadelphia, 1996, pp. 39–44, 49, 262–269 & 421–425

Newton, D., ‘Eric Voice’ in The Independent, 29 October 2004

Polednak, A.P., A.F. Stehney & R.E. Roland, ‘Mortality among women first employed before 1930 in the U.S. radium dial-painting industry’, in American Journal of Epidemiology, 107, 1978, 179–194

Porter, R., The Greatest Benefit to Mankind. A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present, Fontana Press, London, 1999

Porter, R., Quacks. Fakers and Charlatans in English Medicine, Tempus Publishing Ltd., Stroud, 2000

Röntgen, W.C., ‘Uber Eine Neue Art von Strahlen’, 1895, in L. Clendening, Source Book of Medical History, Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1942, 666–675

Rowntree, C., ‘Development of X-ray carcinoma’, in The Lancet, 20 March 1909, 821–824

Simmons, J.G., ‘W. C. Röntgen. The discovery of X-rays’, in Doctors and Discoveries, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston & New York, 2002, 102–104

Smith, A., The Mind, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1985

Stott, J.R.R., ‘Vibration’, in Rainford, D.J. & D.P. Gradwell, (eds), Ernsting’s Aviation Medicine, 4th edition, Hodder Arnold, London, 2006, 231–246

Watson, L., Supernature, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1974

Found to be wanting

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Anson, G., 1853, A Voyage Round the World in the Years 1740, 17411742, 1743, 1744, reprint of the 1st edition compiled by R. Walker, S. Jones & B. Robins, Oxford University Press, 1974

Bown, S.R., Scurvy. How a Surgeon, a Mariner and a Gentleman Solved the Greatest Mystery of the Age of Sail, Thomas Dunne Books, St Martin’s Press, New York, 2003

Crandon, J.H., C.C. Lund & D.B. Dill, ‘Human experimental scurvy’, in New England Journal of Medicine, 223, 1940, 353–369

Dickman, S.R., ‘The search for the specific factor in scurvy’, in Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 24, 1981, 382–395

Freyer, J., ‘How we all became vitamin junkies’, in Daily Express, 1 October, 2004, 44–45

Herbert, V., Experimental nutritional folate deficiency in man’, in Transactions of the Association of American Physicians, 75, 1962, 307–320

Hopkins, G., ‘Diseases due to deficiencies in diet’, in The Lancet, 8 November 1913, 1309–1310

Hough, R., Captain James Cook, Coronet Books, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1994

Hughes, R.E., ‘James Lind and the cure for scurvy. An experimental approach’, Medical History, 19, 1975, 342–351

Lederer, S., Subjected to Science. Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1995

Lloyd, C., ed., The Health of Seamen. Selections from the Works of Dr James Lind, Sir Gilbert Blane and Dr Thomas Trotter, Publications of the Navy Records Society, volume 107, 1965

Lund, C.C. & J.H. Crandon, ‘Human experimental scurvy and the relation of vitamin G deficiency to post-operative pneumonia and to wound healing’, in Journal of the American Medical Association, 116, 1941, 663–668

Siler, J.F., P.E. Garrison & W.J. MacNeal, Pellagra. First Progress Report of the Thompson–McFadden Pellagra Commission, 1914, 1–109

Various, ‘Pellagra in England: An account of four recent cases’, in British Medical Journal, 1913, volume 1, 1–12

Something in the Blood

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Blundell, Dr, ‘Observations on the transfusion of blood. With a description of his Gravitator’, in The Lancet, 13 June 1829, 321–324

Brittingham, T.E. & H. Chaplin, ‘The antigenicity of normal and leukemic human leukocytes’, in Blood, 17, 1961, 139–165

Davies, H.W., J.B.S. Haldane & E.L. Kennaway, ‘Experiments on the regulation of the blood’s alkalinity I’, in Journal of Physiology, 54, 1920, 32–45

Franklin, J. & J. Sutherland, If I Die in the Service of Science, Morrow, New York, 1984

Goldstein, J., G. Siviglia, R. Hurst, L. Lenny & L. Reich, ‘Group B erythrocytes enzymatically converted to Group O, survive normally in A, B and O individuals’, in Science, 215, 1982, 168–170

Grant, S.B. & A. Goldman, ‘A study of forced respiration: experimental production of tetany’, in American Journal of Physiology, 52, 1920, 209–232

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘Experiments on the regulation of the blood’s alkalinity II’, in Journal of Physiology, 55, 1921, 265–275

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘On being one’s own rabbit’, in Possible Worlds, Chatto & Windus, London, 3rd edition, 1945, 107–119

Harrington, W. J., V. Minnich, J.W. Hollingsworth & C.V. Moore, ‘Demonstration of a thrombocytopenic factor in the blood of patients with thrombocytopenic purpura’, in Journal of Laboratory & Clinical Medicine, 38, 1953, 1–10

Harrington, W. J., C.C. Sprague, V. Minnich, C.V. Moore, R.C. Aulvin & R. Dubach, ‘Immunologic mechanisms in idiopathic and neonatal thrombocytopenic purpura’, in Annals of Internal Medicine, 38, 1953, 433–469

Hollingham, R., Blood and Guts. A History of Surgery, BBC Books, London, 2008

Le Sage, A.R. ‘The Adventures of Gil Blas of Santillane’, 1715–1735, extract in L. Clendening, Source Book of Medical History, Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1942, 287–296

Nowak, R., ‘Blood doesn’t always save lives’, in New Scientist, 26 April 2008, 8–9

Pepys, S., The Diary of Samuel Pepys 1660–1669, G. Bell & Sons Ltd, London, 1922

Porter, R., The Greatest Benefit to Mankind. A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present, Fontana Press, London, 1999

Smith, A., The Body, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, revised edition 1985

Sprague, C.C., W.J. Harrington, R.D. Lange & J.B. Shapleigh, ‘Platelet transfusions and the pathogenesis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura’, in Journal of the American Medical Association, 150, 1952, 1193–1198

Thiersch, J.B., ‘Attempted transmission of human leucemia [sic] in man’, in Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 30, 1945, 866–874

Webster, C., ‘The origin of blood transfusion. A reassessment’, in Medical History, 1971, 387–392

A change of heart

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Bono, E. de, ed., Eureka! How and When the Greatest Inventions were Made, Thames & Hudson, London, 1974

Boyadjian, N., The Heart and its History, its Symbolism, its Iconography and its Diseases, Esco Books, Antwerp, 1980

Forssmann, W., ‘Sondierung des rechten Herzens’, in Klinische Wochenschrift 8, 1929, 2085–2087

Forssmann, W., ‘Über Kontrastdarstellung der Hohlen des lebenden rechten Herzens und der Lungenschlagader’, in Muenchener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 78, 1931, 489–492

Forssmann, W., Experiments on Myself, St Martin’s Press, New York & London, 1974

Grüntzig, A., ‘Transluminal dilatation of coronary artery stenosis’, in The Lancet, 4 February 1978, p. 263

Hollingham, R., Blood and Guts. A History of Surgery, BBC Books, London, 2008

Laënnec, R.T.H., Traité de l’Auscultation Médiate, 2 vols., J.A. Brosson & J.S. Chaude, Paris, 2nd edition, 1826

Nissen, R., ‘Historical development of pulmonary surgery,’ in American Journal of Surgery, 89, 1955, 9–15.

Pappworth, M.H., Human Guinea Pigs. Experimentation on Man, Pelican Books, Harmondsworth, 1967

Porter, R., The Greatest Benefit to Mankind. A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present, Fontana Press, London, 1999

Simmons, J.G., ‘René Laënnec. The physician’s new gaze’, in Doctors and Discoveries, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston & New York, 2002, 62–66

Smith, A., The Body, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, revised edition 1985

Behind the lines

Adie, K., Into Danger, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 2008

Altman, L.K., Who Goes First? University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Bebb, A.H., ‘Direct and reflected explosion waves in deep and shallow water’, in Royal Naval Personnel Research Committee Report, March 1955, 1–7

Bebb, A.H., H.N.V. Temperley & J.S.P. Rawlins, ‘Underwater blast: Experiments and researches by British investigators’, in Admiralty Marine Technology Establishment Report A M T E (E) R81 401, 1981, 1–69

Bebb, A.H. & H.C. Wright, ‘The effect of an underwater explosion on a subject floating on the surface in a submarine escape immersion suit’, in Royal Naval Personnel Research Committee Report, July 1952, 1–3

Bebb, A.H. & H.C. Wright, ‘Underwater explosion blast data from the R. N. Physiological Laboratory 1950–55’, in Royal Naval Personnel Research Committee Report, April 1955, 1–7.

Birchall, P., The Longest Walk. The World of Bomb Disposal, Arms & Armour Press, London, 1997

Brickhill, P. The Dam Busters, Evans Brothers Ltd., London, 1951

Calder, R., The People’s War, Jonathan Cape, London, 1969

Churchill, W.S., The Second World War, Vol. 2 Their Finest Hour, Cassell, London, 1949

Elliott, D. H., ‘A short history of submarine escape: The development of an extreme air dive’, in South Pacific Underwater Medical Sciences, 29(2), 1999, 81–87

Fox, B., ‘Carry On, Spooks’, in New Scientist, 24/31 December 2005, 70–71

Hald, J. & E. Jacobsen, ‘A drug sensitizing the organism to ethyl alcohol’, in The Lancet, 1948, 1001–1004

Hunter, C, Eight Lives Down, Bantam Press, London, 2007

Kemp, D.J., S.F. Walton, P. Harumal & B.J. Currie, The scourge of scabies’, in Biologist, 49 (1), 2002, 19–24

Mellanby, K., ‘The development of symptoms, parasitic infection and immunity in human scabies’, in Parasitology, 35, 1944, 197–206

Mellanby, K, Human Guinea Pigs, Merlin Press, London, 1973

Miller, F.T., History of World War II, John C. Winston Co. Ltd., Toronto, 1945

Norton, T ‘Boom! Horace Cameron Wright’, in Stars Beneath the Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2000, 144–158

Norton, T., ‘Living Proof’, in Times Educational Supplement. Curriculum special, 2001, 6–7

Suffer

Baker, N., ‘Decade of decompression, 1897–1908’, summary by R. Vallintine in Historical Diving Times, 26, 200, 10–11

Behnke, A.R., ‘Physiologic investigations in diving and inhalation of gases’, in K. R. Dronamraju, ed., Haldane and Modern Biology, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1968, 267–275.

Boycott, A.E., G.C.C. Damant & J.S. Haldane, The prevention of compressed-air sickness’ in Journal of Hygiene, 8, 1908, 342–441.

Case, E.M. & J.B.S. Haldane, ‘Human physiology under high pressure I. Effects of nitrogen, carbon dioxide and cold’, in Journal of Hygiene, 41, 1941, 225–232

Clarke, R., J. B. S. The Life and Work of J. B. S. Haldane. Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1968

Douglas, C.G., ‘John Scott Haldane’, Obituary notices, The Royal Society of London, 1936

Goodman, M., Suffer and Survive. The Extreme Life of Dr J. S. Haldane, Simon & Schuster, London & New York, 2007

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘On being one’s own rabbit’, in Possible Worlds, Chatto & Windus, London, 1927, 107–119

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘Mathematics of air raid protection’, in Nature, London 142, 1938, 791–792

Haldane, J.B.S., A. R. P., Victor Gollancz, London, 1938

Haldane, J.B.S., Keeping Cool, Chatto & Windus, London, 1940

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘Human life and death at increased pressure’, in Nature, London, 148, 1941, 458–462

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘Life at high pressure’, in Penguin Science News, 4, 1947, 9–29

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘The scientific work of J. S. Haldane’, in Penguin Science Survey, 1961, 11–33

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘A scientist looks into his own grave’, in The Observer Weekend Review, 10 January 1965

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘An autobiography in brief’, in Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 9, 1966, 476–481

Haldane, J.S., ‘Notes on an enquiry into the nature and physiological action of Black-damp met with in Podmore Colliery, Shropshire’, in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 57, 1895, 249–257

Haldane, J.S., ‘Report of a committee appointed by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to consider and report upon the conditions of deep-water diving’, in Parliamentary Paper, 1549, 1907

Haldane, J.S., ‘Memorandum on asphyxiating gases and vapours used by the German troops and on means of protection against them’, in NAWO, 142/153 CL/315, 3 May 1915

Haldane, J.S. & J.G. Priestley, Respiration. New edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1935

Mitchison, N., All Change Here: Girlhood and Marriage, The Bodley Head, London, 1975

Mitchison, N., You May Well Ask: A Memoir 1920–1940, Gollancz, London, 1979

Norton, T., ‘A history of British diving science’, in Underwater Technology, 20 (2), 1994, 3–15

Norton, T., ‘The absent-minded professor: John Scott Haldane’ and ‘The cuddly cactus in the chamber of horrors. John Burdon Sanderson Haldane’, in Stars Beneath the Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2000, 100–118 & 120–143

Norton, T., ‘Watch out guinea pigs, here I come’, in Biologist, 48 (2), 2001, 87–90

Passmore, R. ‘The debt of physiologists and miners to J. S. Haldane’, in The Advancement of Science, 8 (32), 1952, p.418

Pirie, N.W., ‘John Burdon Sanderson Haldane’ in Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 12, 1966, 219–249

Sheridan, D., ed., Among You Taking Notes … The Wartime Diaries of Naomi Mitchison, Gollancz, London, 1985

Warren, C. E. T. & Benson, J., The Admiralty Regrets …, The Popular Book Club, London, 1958

White, M.J.D., ‘J. B. S. Haldane’ in Genetics, 52, 1965, 1–7

Adrift and Alone

Anon., Review of the work of the Subcommittee on Protective Clothing of the Associate Committee on Aviation Medical Research 1942–1945, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, June 1946, I–VII + 155 pp.

Ashcroft, F., ‘Life in the cold’, in Life at the Extremes, HarperCollins, London, 2000, 147–183

Bombard, A., The Bombard Story, Readers’ Union, André Deutsch, London, 1955

Department of Trade, ‘Drinking of sea water by castaways’, in Merchant Shipping Notice M–729, August 1975

Heyerdahl, T., The Kon-Tiki Expedition, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London, 1950

Keating, W.R., Survival in Cold Water, Blackwells, London, 1969

Kitching, J.A. & E. Pag, ‘Report to Associate Committee on Aviation Medical Research’, in Subcommittee on Protective Clothing Report No. 197, 28 July 1945, 1–7

Norton, T., ‘Running on treacle. John Alwyne Kitching’, in Stars Beneath the Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2000, 80–95

Norton, T., Reflections on a Summer Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2002

Norton, T., ‘Jack of all trades’, in Biologist, 50 (5), 2003, 236–238

Pain, S., ‘Inactive service’, in New Scientist, 14 December 2002, 52–53

Robin, B., Survival at Sea, Stanley Paul & Co Ltd, 1981

Smith, A., The Body, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, revised edition 1985

Stark, B., Last Breath. Cautionary Tales from the Limits of Human Endurance, Pan Books, London, 2003

Carnivorous and coming this way

Allen, T.B., The Shark Almanac, The Lyons Press, New York, 1999

British Broadcasting Corporation, Natural world, Great white shark, BBC2 TV January 2009

Cappuzzo, M., Close to Shore, Review, 2002

Clark, E., ‘Sharks: Magnificent and misunderstood’, in National Geographic, February 1981, 138–186

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I, Land of a Thousand Atolls, MacGibbon & Kee, London, 1965

Ferreira, C.A. & T.P. Ferreira, ‘Population dynamics of the white shark in South Africa’, in A.P. Klimley & D.G. Ainley, eds, Great White Shark: the Biology of Carcharodon carchanas, Academic Press, London, 1998, 381–391

Gilbert, P.W., ‘The behavior of sharks’, in Scientific American, July 1962, 2–10

Gilbert, P.W. & S. Springer, ‘Testing shark repellents’, in Gilbert, P.W., ed., Sharks and Survival, Heath & Co., Boston, 1963, 477–494

Gilbert, P.W. & C. Gilbert, ‘Sharks and shark repellents’, in Underwater Journal, 5, April 1973, 69–80

Hass, H. Diving to Adventure, Jarrolds, London, 1952

Hass, H. Under the Red Sea, Jarrolds, London, 1952

Kenny, N.T., ‘Sharks: The wolves of the sea’, in National Geographic, February 1968, 222–259

Lech, R.B., The Tragic Fate of the U.S.S. Indianapolis, Cooper Square Press, New York, 2001

Maniguet, X., The Jaws of Death, HarperCollins, London, 1992

Nelson, D.R., R.R. Johnson, J.N. Mckibben & CG. Pittenger, ‘Agonistic attacks on divers and submersibles by gray reef sharks, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos: antipredatory or competitive?’ in Bulletin of Marine Science, 38, 1986, 68–88

Nelson, D.R. & W.R. Strong, ‘Chemical repellent tests on white sharks with comments on repellent delivery’, in A.P. Klimley & D.G. Ainley, eds, Great White Shark: the Biology of Carcharodon carchanas, Academic Press, London, 1998

Norton, T., ‘Diving to adventure. Hans Heinrich Romulus Hass’, in Stars Beneath the Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2000, 198–216

Taylor, P.L., ‘It’s all fun and games until someone gets munched’, in Science at the Extreme, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2001, 204–229

Tricas, T.C. & J.E. McCosker, ‘Predatory behavior of the white shark (Carcharodon carchanas) with notes on its biology’, in Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 43, 1984, 221–238

Tuve, R. L., ‘Development of the US Navy “Shark Chaser” chemical repellent’, in Gilbert, P.W., ed., Sharks and Survival, Heath & Co., Boston, 1963, 455–463

Webster, D.K., Myth and Maneater, Dell Publishing Co. Ltd., 1975

Into the abyss

Anon, ‘Rekord und tod’, in Stern, December, 1963, 5 pp.

Barak, A., ‘The great Scandinavian adventure’, in Historical Diving Times, 35, 2005, 58–63

Barton, O., Adventure on Land and Under the Sea, Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1954

Beebe, W., Half Mile Down, The Bodley Head, London, 1935

Bühlmann, A.A., P. Frei & H. Keller, ‘Saturation and desaturation with N2 and He at 4 atm.’, in Journal of Applied Physiology, 23 (4), 1967, 458–462

Craig, J.D., B.K. Hastings, M.C. Degn, H. Bischel & L. Thompson, ‘US findings on the fatal dive’, in Triton, March-April 1963, 25–26

Dugan, J., Man Explores the Sea, Pelican Books, Harmondsworth, 1960

Eaton, B., ‘Peter Small’, in Triton, 1974, 258–259

Eaton, B., ‘Neptune, Triton, Diver’, in Diver, July 1993, 36–37

Editorial, ‘The man who lived and died – for diving’, in Topic, 15 December 1962, p. 27

Franzen, A., ‘Ghost from the depths: the warship Vasa’, in National Geographic, January 1962, 42–57

Gustafsson, L., ‘Zetterström’s hydrox experiment’, lecture at Annual Conference of the Historical Diving Society, Bristol, October 2005

Gustafsson, L., ‘Zetterström’s hydrox experiment’, summary by R. Vallintine in Historical Diving Times, 38, 2006, 42–43

Hass, H., Conquest of the Underwater World, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1975

Honour, A., Ten Miles High Two Miles Deep, Brockhampton Press, Leicester, 1959

Keller, H., ‘The mistakes at Catalina’, in Triton, March–April 1963, p. 28

Keller, H., ‘Use of multiple inert gas mixtures in deep diving’, in C.J. Lambertson, ed., Underwater Physiology, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1967, 267–274

Keller, H. & A.A. Bühlmann, ‘Deep diving and short decompression by breathing mixed gases’, in Journal of Applied Physiology, 20(6), 1965, 1267–1270

Leach, D.L., ‘Down to the Thresher by bathyscaphe’, in National Geographic, June 1964, 764–777

Norton, T., ‘The delights of dangling. Charles William Beebe’, in Stars Beneath the Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2000, 54–98

Norton, T., Reflections on a Summer Sea, Arrow Books, London, 2002

Piccard, A., In Balloon and Bathyscaphe, Cassell & Co. Ltd, London, 1956

Piccard, J. & R.S. Dietz, Seven Miles Down, Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1962

Swann, C, ‘The development of commercial helium diving’, lecture at Annual Conference of the Historical Diving Society, Liverpool, October 2008

Throckmorton, P., The Lost Ships, Jonathan Cape, London, 1965

Vann, R.D., ‘Decompression theory and applications’, in P.B. Bennett & D.H. Elliott, The Physiology and Medicine of Diving, 3rd edition, Best Publishing Co., San Pedro, 1982, 352–282

Wendling, J., P. Nussberger & B. Schenk, ‘Milestones of the Deep-Diving Research Laboratory, Zurich’, in South Pacific Underwater Medical Sciences, 29(2), 1999, 91–98

Zetterström, A., ‘Djupdykning med syntetiska gasblandningar’, in Teknisk Tidskrift, 7, 1945, 173–177

High, fast and hazardous

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First?, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Ashcroft, F., ‘Life at the top’, in Life at the Extremes, HarperCollins, London, 2000, 5–40

British Broadcasting Corporation, Rain, BBC2 TV, 29 April 2009

Collins, P., ‘Over Niagara Falls in a barrel of spikes’, in New Scientist, 12 February 2009, 44–45

DiGiovanni, C. & R.M. Chambers, ‘Physiologic and psychologic aspects of the gravity spectrum’, in New England Journal of Medicine, 270, 1964, 34–41, 88–94, 134–138

Faith, N, Crash. The Limits of Car Safety, Boxtree, London, 1997

Franklin, J. & J. Sutherland, If I Die in the Service of Science, Morrow, New York, 1984

Green, N.D.C., ‘Effects of long-duration acceleration’, in Rainford, D.J. & D.P. Gradwell, eds, Ernstings’s Aviation Medicine, 4th edition, Hodder Arnold, London, 2006, 137–158

Haldane, J.S. & J.G. Priestley, Respiration. New edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1935

Hepper, A.E., ‘Restraint systems and escape from aircraft’, in Rainford, D.J. & D.P. Gradwell, eds, Ernstings’s Aviation Medicine, 4th edition, Hodder Arnold, London, 2006, 373–384

Honour, A., Ten Miles High Two Miles Deep, Brockhampton Press, Leicester, 1959

Howard, P., ‘The dangerous deserts of space’, in A. Berry, Harrap’s Book of Science Anecdotes, Harrap, London, 1989, 38–42

Jarret, P., Pioneer Aircraft, Putnam, London, 2002

Lewis, M.E., ‘Short-duration acceleration’, in Rainford, D.J. & D.P. Gradwell, eds, Ernstings’s Aviation Medicine, 4th edition, Hodder Arnold, London, 2006, 169–177

Lovelace, W.R., ‘Physiologic effects of reduced barometric pressure on man’, in Collected Papers of the Mayo Clinic, 1941, 1–34

Middleton, D., Test pilots. The Story of British Test Flying 1903–1984, Guild Publishing, London, 1985

O’Sullivan, D. & D. Zhou, ‘Aircrew and cosmic radiation’, in Rainford, D.J. & D.P. Gradwell, eds, Ernstings’s Aviation Medicine, 4th edition, Hodder Arnold, London, 2006, 417–431

Pain, S., ‘Higher and higher’, in New Scientist, 3 July 1999, 52–53

Pain, S., ‘The accidental astronaut’, in New Scientist, 12 September 2007, 54–55

Piccard, A., In Balloon and Bathyscaphe, Cassell & Co. Ltd, London, 1956

Stapp, J.P., ‘Human tolerance to deceleration’, in American Journal of Surgery, 93, 1957, 734–740

Stapp, J.P. & W.C. Blout, ‘Effects of mechanical force on living tissues II: supersonic deceleration and wind blast’, in Journal of Aviation Medicine, 27, 1956, 40–416

Whittingham, H.E., ‘Medical problems in aviation’, in Chambers Encyclopaedia, Vol. 2, 1955, 5–8

Yeager, C. & L. Janos, yeager. An Autobiography, Bantam books, New York, 1985

Risky business

Altman, L. K., Who Goes First?, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998

Baggini, J., ‘Born to be wild’, in Secret Pioneers, The Observer, 2008, 39–41

Barnet, A., ‘Patients used as drug guinea pigs’, in The Observer, 9 February 2003, 10–11

Barnet, A., ‘UK drug firms used orphans for HIV trials’, in The Observer, 4 April 2004

Baxby, D., ‘The end of smallpox’, in History Today, March 1999, 14–16

Coleman, V., Why Animal Experiments Must Stop, European Medical Journal, Barnstable, 1994

Collins, P., ‘Sweet elixir of death’, in New Scientist, 28 August, 2004, 48–49

Forssmann, W., Experiments on Myself, St Martin’s Press, New York & London, 1974

George, A., ‘Hard to swallow’, an interview with Barry Marshall, in New Scientist, 9 December 2006, p. 53

Haldane, J.B.S., ‘On being one’s own rabbit’, in Possible Worlds, Chatto & Windus, London, 1927, 107–119

Haldane, J.B.S., Keeping Cool, Chatto & Windus, London, 1940

Halpern, S.A., Lesser Harms. The Morality of Risk in Medical Research, University of Chicago Press, 2004

Leake, D.C., ‘Technical triumphs and moral muddles’, in Annals of Internal Medicine, 67 (suppl. 7), 1967, 43–56

Lederer, S., Subjected to Science. Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1995

Norton, T., ‘Living Proof’, in Times Educational Supplement. Curriculum Special, 2001, 6–7

Osler, W, ‘The evolution of the idea of experiment in medicine’, in Transactions of the Congress of Physicians and Surgeons, 1, 1907, 1–8

Pappworth, M.H., Human Guinea Pigs. Experimentation on Man, Pelican Books, Harmondsworth, 1967

Piccard, A., In Balloon and Bathyscaphe, Cassell & Co. Ltd, London, 1956

Weyers, W, The Abuse of Man, Ardor Scribendi Ltd, New York, 2003