Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization - Steven Solomon (2010)


This select bibliography reflects two contrasting challenges presented by the research. First, while water’s role in history per se has rarely been a central focus of previous books, many historians and scholars from diverse fields have insightfully treated its influential aspects in their own major works. Part of the bibliography, therefore, reflects my effort to pull these ideas together into a cohesive framework and narrative. Second, today’s world water crisis is producing an explosion of wide-ranging and substantive literature on current water issues that is far too extensive to comprehensively list. Regrettably, I have had to exclude all news and most other periodical articles from the bibliography; a few that are the source of cited facts are covered in the notes. I drew heavily from current events reporting from the New York Times, the Economist, and the Washington Post, as well as the BBC, the Financial Times,the Wall Street Journal, and many magazines. I have omitted separate bibliographic entries for periodical and research articles that are included in listed compendiums; again, some of these works are cited in the notes. There is as well vast informative content—official, academic, reportorial, and eclectic—available on the Internet, which has provided rich background, but which is not referenced either in the select bibliography or the notes.

Achenbach, Joel. “America’s River.” Washington Post Magazine, May 5, 2002.

Aicher, Peter J. Guide to the Aqueducts of Ancient Rome. Wauconda, Ill.: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1995.

Allan, J. A. The Middle East Water Question: Hydropolitics and the Global Economy. London: I. B. Tauris, 2002.

Alley, Richard B. The Two-Mile Time Machine: Ice Cores, Abrupt Climate Change, and Our Future. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Alwash, Azzam. “Water at War.” Natural History, November 2007.

Amery, Hussein A., and Aaron T. Wolf. Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “How Muslims Made Europe.” New York Review of Books 55, no. 17 (November 6, 2008).

Ball, Philip. Life’s Matrix. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1999.

Barlow, Maude, and Tony Clarke. Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World’s Water. New York: New Press, 2002.

Barnes, Julian. “The Odd Couple.” New York Review of Books 54, no. 5 (March 29, 2007).

Barry, John M. Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed America. New York: Touchstone, 1998.

Beasley, W. G. The Modern History of Japan. 7th ed. New York: Praeger, 1970.

Belt, Don, ed. “The World of Islam.” National Geographic. Supplement, 2001.

Bernstein, Peter L. The Power of Gold: The History of an Obsession. New York: John Wiley, 2000.

———. Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation. New York: W. W. Norton, 2005.

Biddle, Wayne. A Field Guide to Germs. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.

Billington, David P., Donald C. Jackson, and Martin V. Melosi. The History of Large Federal Dams: Planning, Design, and Construction in the Era of Big Dams. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, 2005.

Billington, Ray Allen. American Frontier Heritage. Reprint, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.

Bleier, Ronald. “Will Nile Water Go to Israel?: North Sinai Pipelines and the Politics of Scarcity.” Middle East Policy, 5, no. 3 (September 1997), 113–124; http://desip.igc.org/willnile1.html.

Boorstin, Daniel J. The Discoverers: A History of Man’s Search to Know His World and Himself. New York: Random House, 1985.

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. Egypt’s Road to Jerusalem. New York: Random House, 1997.

Braudel, Fernand. Afterthoughts on Material Civilization and Capitalism. 3rd ed. Translated by Patricia Ranum. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

———. A History of Civilizations. Translated by Richard Mayne. New York: Penguin, 1995.

———. Memory and the Mediterranean. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.

———. The Perspective of the World. Vol. 3 of Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

———. The Structures of Everyday Life. Vol. 1 of Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

———. The Wheels of Commerce. Vol. 2 of Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

Brewer, John. “The Return of the Imperial Hero.” New York Review of Books 52, no. 17 (November 3, 2005).

Brindley, James. Power through the Ages. London: Blackie, 2002.

Bronowski, Jacob. The Ascent of Man. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Bronowski, Jacob, and Bruce Mazlish. The Western Intellectual Tradition: From Leonardo to Hegel. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.

Brown, Lester. “Aquifer Depletion.” Encyclopedia of Earth. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Aquifer_depletion (revised February 12, 2007).

———. “Grain Harvest Growth Slowing.” Earth Policy Institute. 2002. http://www.earth-policy.org/Indicators/indicator6.htm.

———. “Water Scarcity Spreading.” Earth Policy Institute. 2002. http://www.earthpolicy.org/Indicator7_print.htm.

Bulloch, John, and Adel Darwish. Water Wars: Coming Conflicts in the Middle East. London: Victor Gollancz, 1993.

Butzer, K. W. Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

Byatt, Andrew, Alastair Fothergill, and Martha Homes. The Blue Planet: Seas of Life. Foreword by Sir David Attenborough. London: BBC Worldwide Limited, 2001.

Cameron, Rondo. A Concise Economic History of the World: From Paleolithic Times to the Present. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero’s Journey. 3rd ed. Novato, Calif.: New World Library, 2003.

Campbell-Green, Tim. “Outline the Nature of Irrigation and Water Management in Southern Mesopotamia in the 3rd Millennium.” Bulletin of Sumerian Agriculture 5 (1990). Irrigation and Cultivation, pt. 2, Cambridge. www.art.man.ac.uk/ARTHIST/EStates/Campbell.htm.

Cantor, Norman F. Antiquity: From the Birth of Sumerian Civilization to the Fall of the Roman Empire. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

———. The Civilization of the Middle Ages. Rev. ed. New York, HarperCollins, 1994.

Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Cary, M., and E. H. Warmington. The Ancient Explorers. Baltimore: Penguin, 1963.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. 2nd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Chamberlain, John. The Enterprising Americans: A Business History of the United States. Rev. ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.

Churchill, Winston S. A History of the English-Speaking Peoples: The Age of Revolution. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1957.

Clarke, Robin. Water: The International Crisis. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1993.

Clarke, Robin, and Jannet King. The Water Atlas: A Unique Analysis of the World’s Most Critical Resource. New York: New Press, 2004.

Clough, Shepard B. The Rise and Fall of Civilization: An Inquiry into the Relationship between Economic Development and Civilization. 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1957.

Cockburn, Andrew. “Lines in the Sand: Deadly Time in the West Bank and Gaza.” National Geographic 202, no. 2 (October 2002).

Collins, Robert O. The Nile. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002.

Curtis, John. Ancient Persia. 2nd ed. London: British Museum Press, 2000.

Darwish, Adel. “Water Wars.” http://www.mideastnews.com/WaterWars.htm. June 1994.

Das, Gurcharan. “The India Model.” Foreign Affairs 85 (July–August 2006). Davidson, Basil. The Lost Cities of Africa. Rev. ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970.

Davies, Norman. Europe: A History. New York: HarperPerennial, 1998.

Davis, David Brion. “He Changed the New World.” New York Review of Books 44, no. 9 (May 31, 2007).

Davis, Paul K. 100 Decisive Battles from Ancient Times to the Present: The World’s Major Battles and How They Shaped History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

De Villiers, Marq. Water: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.

Diamond, Jared. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Penguin, 2005.

———. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W. W. Norton, 1999.

Durant, Will, and Ariel Durant. The Lessons of History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968.

Economist staff. “An Affair to Remember.” Special Report: The Suez Crisis, Economist, July 29, 2006.

———. “A Ravenous Dragon.” Special report on China’s quest for resources, Economist, March 5, 2007.

———. “The Story of Wheat.” Ears of Plenty: A Special Report, Economist, December 24, 2005.

———. “Tapping the Oceans.” Economist Technology Quarterly, June 7, 2008.

———. The Economist Pocket World in Figures 2009. London: Profile Books, 2008.

Edwards, Mike. “Han.” National Geographic 205, no. 2 (February 2004), 2–29.

Elhance, Arun P. Hydropolitics in the Third World: Conflict and Cooperation in International River Basins. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1999.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Erlich, Haggai. The Cross and the River. Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner, 2002.

Evans, Harold. The American Century. London: Jonathan Cape/Pimlico, 1998.

Evans, Harry B. Water Distribution in Ancient Rome: “The Evidence of Frontinus.” Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Fairbank, John King, and Merle Goldman. China: A New History. 9th ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.

Ferguson, Niall. Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World. London: Penguin, 2003.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. Civilizations: Culture, Ambition, and the Transformation of Nature. New York: Touchstone, 2002.

Fineman, Herman. Dulles over Suez. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1964.

Foreman, Laura. Alexander the Conqueror: The Epic Story of the Warrior King. Foreword by Professor Eugene N. Borza. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo, 2004.

Freely, John. Istanbul: The Imperial City. London: Penguin, 1998.

Frontinus, Julius. De Acqaeductu Urbis Romae (On the Water-Management of the City of Rome). Translated by R. H. Rodgers. 2003. University of Vermont. http://www.uvm.edu/~rrodgers/Frontinus.html.

———. De Acqaeductu Urbis Romae. Edited, introduction, and commentary by R. H. Rodgers. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Fulton, Robert. “Letter from Robert Fulton to President George Washington,” London, February 5, 1797. In “History of the Erie Canal,” Department of History, University of Rochester. http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/fulton/feb1797.htm.

———. “Mr. Fulton’s Communication.” Submitted to Albert Gallatin, Esq., Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D.C., December 8, 1807. Included in Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, on the Subject of Public Roads and Canals (1808): 100–116. Contributed by Howard B. Winkler. In Towpath Topics (Middlesex Canal Association) (September 1994; March 2000). http://www.middlesexcanal.org/towpath/fulton.htm.

Galusha, Diane. Liquid Assets: A History of New York City’s Water System. Fleischmanns, N.Y.: Purple Mountain Press, 2002.

Ganguly, Sumit. “Will Kashmir Stop India’s Rise?” Foreign Affairs 85 (July–August 2006).

Gertner, Joe. “The Future Is Drying Up.” New York Times Magazine, October 21, 2007.

Gibbon, Edward. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Abridgement by D. M. Low. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1960.

Gies, Frances, and Joseph Gies. Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel: Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995.

Gifford, Rob. “Yellow River Blues.” Asia Literary Review 8 (2008).

Gimpel, Jean. The Medieval Machine. New York, London: Penguin Group, 1976.

Gleick, Peter H. “Making Every Drop Count.” Scientific American, February 2001.

———. The World’s Water, 1998–1999: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1998.

———. The World’s Water, 2000–2001: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2000.

Gleick, Peter H., with William C. G. Burns, Elizabeth L. Chalecki, Michael Cohen, Katherine Kao Cushing, Amar S. Mann, Rachel Reyes, Gary H. Wolff, and Arlene K. Wong. The World’s Water, 2002–2003: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2002.

Gleick, Peter H., with Nicholas L. Cain, Dana Haasz, Christine Henges-Jeck, Catherine Hunt, Michael Kiparsky, Marcus Moench, Meena Palaniappan, Veena Srinivasan, and Gary H. Wolff. The World’s Water, 2004–2005: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2004.

Gleick, Peter H., with Heather Cooley, David Katz, Emily Lee, Jason Morrison, Meena Palaniappan, Andrea Samulon, and Gary H. Wolff. The World’s Water, 2006– 2007: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2006.

Glennon, Robert. Water Follies: Groundwater Pumping and the Fate of America’s Fresh Waters. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2002.

Goldschmidt, Arthur, Jr. A Concise History of the Middle East. 7th ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 2002.

Gordon, John Steele. A Thread across the Ocean: The Heroic Story of the Transatlantic Cable. New York: HarperCollins, Perennial, 2003.

Gore, Rick. “Who Were the Phoenicians? Men of the Sea: A Lost History.” National Geographic 206, no. 4 (October 2004).

Grann, David. “City of Water.” New Yorker, September 1, 2003.

Grey, David, and Claudia W. Sadoff. “Sink or Swim? Water Security for Growth and Development.” Water Policy 9 (2007): 545–571.

Grimal, Nicolas. A History of Ancient Egypt. Translated by Ian Shaw. Reprint, Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 1992.

Groner, Alex. The American Heritage History of American Business and Industry. New York: American Heritage Publishing, 1972.

Guardian (U.K.) staff. “The World’s Water.” Special section, Guardian (U.K.), August 23, 2003.

Gunter, Ann C., ed. Caravan Kingdoms: Yemen and the Ancient Incense Trade. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 2005.

Halliday, Stephen. The Great Stink of London: Sir Joseph Bazalgette and the Cleansing of the Victorian Capital. Foreword by Adam Hart-Davis. Phoenix Mill, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 2000.

Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi. Translated by L. W. King (1910). Edited by Richard Hooker (June 6, 1999). In “World Civilizations,” Washington State University. http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM.

Hansen, Jim. “The Threat to the Planet.” New York Review of Books 53, no. 12 (July 13, 2006).

Harris, Marvin. Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures. New York: Random House, 1977.

Heilbroner, Robert L. The Making of Economic Society. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

———. The Nature and Logic of Capitalism. New York: W. W. Norton, 1985.

———. Visions of the Future: The Distant Past, Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. New York: New York Public Library; Oxford University Press, 1995.

———. The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers. 7th ed. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.

Heilbroner, Robert L., and Aaron Singer. The Economic Transformation of America: 1600 to the Present. 2nd ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Selincourt. 1954. Revised translation by John Marincola. Reprint, New York: Penguin, 1972.

———. The Persian Wars. Translated by George Rawlinson. Introduction by Francis R. B. Godolphin. New York: Modern Library, 1942.

Hibbert, Christopher. Rome: The Biography of a City. London: Penguin, 1985.

Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914–1991. New York: Vintage, 1996.

Hollister, C. Warren. Roots of the Western Tradition: A Short History of the Ancient World. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1966.

Hone, Philip, The Diary of Philip Hone, 1828–1851. Pt. 2. Edited by Bayard Tuckerman. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1910. Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org/stream/diaryofphiliphon00hone.

Hooke, S. H. Middle Eastern Mythology: From the Assyrians to the Hebrews. Reprint, Middlesex, U.K.: Penguin, 1985.

Hosack, David, ed. Memoir of De Witt Clinton. Commissioned by New York Literary and Philosophical Society, 1829. Transcribed from original text and html prepared by Bill Carr, updated 7/5/99. In “History of the Erie Canal,” Department of History, University of Rochester. http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/bib/hosack/Contents.html. “Claims of Joshua Forman.” http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/bib/hosack/APP0U.html. “Views of General Washington Relative to the Inland Navigation of the United States.” http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/bib/hosack/APP0P.html.

Hourani, Albert. A History of the Arab Peoples. New York: Warner, 1992.

Howarth, David. Famous Sea Battles. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981.

Hvistendahl, Mara. “China’s Three Gorges Dam: An Environmental Catastrophe?” Scientific American, March 25, 2008.

Ibn Battutah. The Travels of Ibn Battutah. Edited by Tim Mackitosh-Smith. London: Picador Pan Macmillan, 2002.

Jacobs, Els M. In Pursuit of Pepper and Tea: The Story of the Dutch East India Company. 3rd ed. Amsterdam: Netherlands Maritime Museum, 1991.

Johnson, Paul. A History of the Jews. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

Joinville[Jean of], and [Geoffrey of] Villehardouin. Chronicles of the Crusades. Translated with an introduction by M. R. B. Shaw. Baltimore: Penguin, 1963.

Jones, W. T. A History of Western Philosophy. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1952.

Karlen, Arno. Man and Microbes: Disease and Plagues in History and Modern Times. New York: Touchstone, 1996.

Karmon, David. “Restoring the Ancient Water Supply System in Renaissance Rome: The Popes, the Civic Administration, and the Acqua Vergine.” Waters of Rome 3 (August 2005). http://www.iath.virginia.edu/waters/Journal3KarmonNew.pdf.

Karsh, Efraim, and Inari Karsh. Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789–1923. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Keay, John. India: A History. New York: Grove Press, 2000.

Kelly, Bill “Greed Runs through It.” L.A. Weekly, March 16, 2006. http://www.laweekly.com/2006–03–16/news/greed-runs-through-it/1.

Kennedy, Paul. “The Eagle Has Landed.” Financial Times, FT Weekend, February 2–3, 2002.

———. “Has the U.S. Lost Its Way?” Guardian (U.K.)/Observer, March 3, 2002. http://guardian.co.uk/world/2002/mar/03/usa.georgebush/print.

———. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. New York: Random House, 1989.

Koeppel, Gerard T. Water for Gotham: A History. 3rd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Kolbert, Elizabeth. Field Notes from a Catastrophe: Man, Nature, and Climate Change. New York: Bloomsbury, 2006.

Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: A World History. New York: Walker, 2002.

Lambert, Andrew. War at Sea in the Age of Sail, 1650–1850. London: Cassell, 2000.

Lavelle, Marianne, and Joshua Kurlantzick. “The Coming Water Crisis.” U.S. News & World Report, August 12, 2002.

Lear, Linda. Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (Mariner Books), 2009.

Levy, Matthys, and Richard Panchyk. Engineering the City: How Infrastructure Works. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2000.

Lewis, Bernard. The Muslim Discovery of Europe. New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.

———. What Went Wrong? Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Lira, Carl T. Biography of James Watt: A Summary. 2001. College of Engineering, Michigan State University. http://www.egr.msu.edu/~lira/supp/steam/wattbio.html.

Lopez, Robert S. The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages, 950–1350. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Love, Robert W., Jr. History of the U.S. Navy. Vol 1, 1775–1941. Vol. 2, 1945–1991. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 1992.

Luft, Gal. “The Wazzani Water Dispute.” PeaceWatch (Washington Institute for Near East Policy) 397 (September 20, 2002).

Ma, Jun. China’s Water Crisis. Translated by Nancy Yang Liu and Lawrence R. Sullivan. Norwalk, Conn.: EastBridge, 2004.

Mahan, A. T. The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783. 5th ed. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover, 1987.

Markham, Adam. A Brief History of Pollution. New York: St. Martin’s, 1994.

Matthews, John P. C. “John Foster Dulles and the Suez Crisis of 1956: A Fifty Year Perspective.” September 14, 2006. American Diplomacy, University of North Carolina. http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2006/0709/matt/matthews_suez.html.

McAleavy, Henry. The Modern History of China. 4th ed. New York: Praeger, 1969.

McCullough, David. The Path between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1977.

McDonald, Bernadette, and Douglas Jehl, eds. Whose Water Is It? The Unquenchable Thirst of a Water-Hungry World. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2004.

McGuire, V. L. “Water-Level Changes in the High Plains Aquifer, Predevelopment to 2002, 1980 to 2002, and 2001 to 2002.” U.S. Geological Survey. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2004/3026/pdf/fs04–3026.pdf.

———. “Water-Level Changes in the High Plains Aquifer, 1980–1999,” U.S. Geological Survey http//pubs.usg.sgove/fs/2001–029–01.

McKenzie, A. E. E. The Major Achievements of Science: The Development of Science from Ancient Times to the Present. New York: Touchstone, 1973.

McKibben, Bill. The End of Nature. New York: Random House, 2006.

———. “Our Thirsty Future.” New York Review of Books 50, no. 14 (September 25, 2003).

McNeill, J. R. Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World. New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.

McNeill, J. R., and William H. McNeill. The Human Web: A Bird’s-Eye View of World History. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.

McNeill, William H. The Global Condition: Conquerors, Catastrophes, and Community. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992.

———. Plagues and Peoples. New York: Anchor Books, 1989.

———. The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force, and Society since A.D. 1000. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

———. The Rise of the West: A History of Human Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

———. A World History. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2005.

Mirsky, Jonathan. “The China We Don’t Know.” New York Review of Books 56, no. 3 (February 26, 2009).

Mitchell, John G. “Down the Drain? The Incredible Shrinking Great Lakes.” National Geographic 202, no. 3 (September 2002).

Mohan, C. Raja. “India and the Balance of Power.” Foreign Affairs 85 (July–August 2006): 17–32.

Montaigne, Fen. “Water Pressure: Challenges for Humanity.” National Geographic 202, no. 3 (September 2002).

Moorehead, Alan. The White Nile. Rev. ed. Middlesex, U.K.: Penguin, 1973.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Oxford History of the American People. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Mumford, Lewis. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Natural History staff. “Water, the Wellspring of Life.” Special issue, Natural History, November 2007.

Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilisation in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technologies, pt. 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. In collaboration with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-Djen. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

New York Times staff. “Managing Planet Earth.” Special issue, “Science Times,” New York Times, August 20, 2002.

Norwich, John Julius. A History of Venice. New York: Vintage, 1989.

———. The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean. New York: Doubleday, 2006.

———. A Short History of Byzantium. New York: Random House, Vintage, 1999.

“Of Water and Wars: Interview with Dr. Ismail Serageldin.” Frontline (India) 16, no. 9 (April 24–May 7, 1999), http://www.hindu.com/fline/fl1609/16090890.htm.

Outwater, Alice. Water: A Natural History. New York: Basic Books, 1996.

Pacey, Arnold. Technology in World Civilization. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991.

Pearce, Fred. When the Rivers Run Dry: Water—the Defining Crisis of the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Beacon Press, 2006.

Peet, John. “Priceless: A Survey of Water.” Economist, July 19, 2003.

Pepys, Samuel. Diary of Samuel Pepys. http://www.pepysdiary.com/archive/. Original Source from Project Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/4125.

Perlin, John. A Forest Journey: The Role of Wood in the Development of Civilization. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989.

Pielou, E. C. Fresh Water. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Polo, Marco. The Travels of Marco Polo. Translated by Ronald Latham. Middlesex, U.K.: Penguin, 1958.

Ponting, Clive. A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations. New York: Penguin, 1993.

Postel, Sandra. “Growing More Food with Less Water.” Scientific American, February 2001.

———. “Hydro Dynamics.” Natural History, May 2003.

———. Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.

———. “Sharing the River Out of Eden.” Natural History, November 2007.

Postel, Sandra, and Aaron Wolf. “Dehydrating Conflict.” Foreign Policy (September–October 2001): 60–67.

Postel, Sandra, and Brian Richter. Rivers for Life: Managing Water for People and Nature. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2003.

Potts, Timothy. “Buried between the Rivers.” New York Review 5, no. 14 (September 25, 2003).

Procopius of Caesarea. The Gothic War. Bks. 5 and 6, History of the Wars. Translated by H. B. Dewey. London: William Heineman, 1919. Project Gutenberg, 2007. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20298/20298-h/20298-h.htm.

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