Dark Age America: Climate Change, Cultural Collapse, and the Hard Future Ahead - John Michael Greer (2016)

Endnotes

Chapter 1: The Wake of Industrial Civilization

1.The literature on this subject is immense. See Meadows et al. 1973 and Catton 1980 for good overviews.

2.Greer 2011.

3.Catton 1980, pp. 126–142.

4.Censorinus 1900, p. 30.

5.Toynbee 1939c., pp. 321–326.

6.Crossley-Holland 1984, pp. 59–60 gives a complete translation.

Chapter 2: The Ecological Aftermath

1.Than 2015.

2.Friedman 2007.

3.Anderson (undated).

4.See Pielou 1991 for a useful summary.

5.Mullins 1985, p. 20.

6.See Gamble and Soffer 1990 for a global survey.

7.I have used Pielou 1991 and Straus et al. 1996 for the following summary.

8.Alley 2000.

9.See, among many others, Holthaus 2015 and Oskin 2014.

10.Weaver 2003.

11.Moore 2007, p. 99.

12.Fuchs et al. 2004.

13.Dean 2006.

14.Jarlett 2013.

15.Mahaffey 2014.

Chapter 3: The Demographic Consequences

1.Lengnick 2015.

2.I insist on the prefix, because what passes for political thought these days has nothing to do with either liberalism or conservatism as these were understood as little as a few decades ago.

3.Fengler 2014.

4.Chamie and Mirkin 2014.

5.Grant 1990.

6.Webster 2002.

7.Blumberg 1980.

8.Thompson 1999.

9.Morris 1973, p. 98.

10.Morris 1973, pp. 126–132.

11.Morris 1973, pp. 103–104.

12.Morris 1973, pp. 91–92.

Chapter 4: The Political Unraveling

1.Greer 2008, pp. 225–240.

2.Souyri 2003.

3.See Blumberg 1980 for a detailed discussion.

4.See, for example, Icke 2004.

5.Toynbee 1939a, pp. 133–244.

6.Grant 1990.

7.Toynbee 1939b, pp. 35–193.

8.I have discussed this at length in Greer 2014.

9.Toynbee 1939b, pp. 141–337.

10.Toynbee 1954, pp. 12–44.

11.Morris 1973, pp. 56–62.

12.Friday 2004.

Chapter 5: The Economic Collapse

1.Ruskin 1967.

2.Roberts 2015.

3.Scheyder 2015.

4.Turner and Alexander 2014.

5.Rines 2015.

6.Greer 2009, pp. 19–36.

7.Schumacher 1973, pp. 171–190.

8.Weatherhead 1979.

9.Kunstler 2007.

10.Elgin 1981 was the most popular book on the subject.

11.France 1894, p. 118.

12.Marx 1952, pp. 85–111.

13.Fukuyama 1989.

14.Jones 1959.

15.Morris 1973, pp. 429–430.

16.de Roover 1958.

17.Dante 1954, pp. 107–108.

18.Abraham 1972.

19.Hatto 1964 and Finch 1965, respectively, are good English translations.

20.Tolkien 2014, pp. 100–103.

21.A complete translation of this poem is in Crossley-Holland 1984, pp. 53–56.

Chapter 6: The Suicide of Science

1.Jahnke 2015.

2.Oreskes 1999 is a good history of attitudes toward the continental drift theory.

3.See, for instance, Woolgar and Latour 1979.

4.Chuvin 1990 is a well-written account.

5.Mangan 2013.

6.Snow 1959.

7.Gornall 2015.

8.See, among many other studies, Fanelli 2009.

9.O’Hehir 2015.

Chapter 7: The Twilight of Technology

1.Ward-Perkins 2005.

2.Wiener-Bronner 2014.

3.Dale 2015.

4.Heinberg 2015.

5.Matthews 2014.

6.Dizard 2013; see also Heinberg 2013.

Chapter 8: The Dissolution of Culture

1.See especially Debord 1970.

2.Barfield 1965 explores this phenomenon at length.

3.Thomson 2000.

4.Tolkien 1965, p. 188.

5.Edwards 1997.

6.“Quote Investigator” 2012.

7.Toynbee 1939a, pp. 119–132.

8.Domhoff 2013.

9.Toynbee 1939b, pp. 459–480.

Chapter 9: The Road to a Renaissance

1.Hirsch et al. 2005.

2.Sider 2015.