Gilded Lily: Lily Safra: The Making of One of the World's Wealthiest Widows - Isabel Vincent (2010)

Notes

INTRODUCTION: “THE PLOT OF A GREAT NOVEL”

The drama that would lead to the death of Edmond Safra: Transcripts of Ted Maher’s trial in Monaco, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002. Testimony of Pierre Picquenot, “Death in Monaco,” Dominick Dunne, Vanity Fair, December 2000.

“Enemies?”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“Telephone calls between third parties and the occupants”: Edmond Safra’s autopsy report, Court of the First Instance of Monaco, Office of the Attorney General, December 5, 1999.

“I saw their relationship”: Eli Attia, interview by author, January 6, 2008.

he would telephone his far-flung business associates”: “Death in Monte Carlo,” The Economist, December 11, 1999.

a slim blonde charmer”New York Post, March 12, 1981.

“Lily answered a toast from her host”New York Post, March 12, 1981.

Mehle wrote that Lily and her friend Lynn Wyatt: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, April 4, 1997.

Brooke Astor “wore her sable hat”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, February 2, 1994.

The Safras had “exquisite taste”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, September 13, 1996.

“perhaps the most beautiful home in all of London”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, July 25, 2001.

“one of the most wonderful private houses on the Cote d’Azur”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, September 3, 1996.

“Lily was an extremely generous woman”: Vera Contrucci Pinto Dias, interview by author, October 16, 2007.

on behalf of the Alzheimer’s Association: Details of the Alzheimer’s Association’s Rita Hayworth Gala from the organization’s auction catalogue, A Sparkling Silver Celebration. The event took place at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York City, October 28, 2008.

“I think that since childhood her dreams”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 2, 2007.

“Every girl dreams of her Prince Charming”: Ana Bentes Bloch, interview by author, March 11, 2009.

Ted Maher’s agreement…reads: The confidentiality agreement is dated August 16, 1999, and signed by Anthony Brittan. It was widely quoted in press reports and also used as an exhibit at his 2002 trial in Monaco.

“Lily Safra litigates with a bottomless pit”: Lady Colin Campbell, interview by author, August 30, 2008.

“Those who were there at the scene”: The press statement issued by the São Paulo branch of the Safra family was widely quoted in press reports following the Maher verdict in December 2002.

“This story is all about moneypowerand corruption”: Ted Maher, interview by author, March 5, 2008.

“I don’t know how she has coped”: Carlos Monteverde quoted in “A Nora de Lily,” Bruno Astuto, RG Vogue, November 2007. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

“She is really the prettiest of women”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, April 29, 1992.

“I have always believed”: Gastaõ Veiga, interview by author, April 26, 2006.

ONE: “THE MOST ELEGANT GIRL”

“Lily was a social climber”: Gastaõ Veiga, interview by author, April 26, 2006.

“He made a tidy fortune”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“For ten years we have worked with Mr. Watkins”: Hilmar Tavares da Silva, October 12, 1950. Da Silva’s letter to federal authorities is part of the Watkins family’s application for Brazilian citizenship, National Archives, Rio de Janeiro. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

In “Description of the Engraving,” Lily wrote: Lily Watkins, school papers, Colegio Anglo-Americano, Rio de Janeiro. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

“She was a beautiful girl”: Ana Bentes Bloch, interview by author, March 11, 2009.

I can easily say that Lily was the most beautiful and the most elegant debutante”: Lygia Hazan Gomlevsky, interview by author, March 13, 2009.

“Lily used to wear the most exquisite dresses”: Ana Bentes Bloch, interview by author, March 11, 2009.

“Her parents must have been”: Ana Bentes Bloch, ibid.

TWO: “EVERYTHING IN ITS PLACE”

“Fred was an incredible businessman”: Victor Sztern, interview by author, August 22, 2006.

“Fred was brilliant”: Gastão Veiga, interview by author, April 26, 2006.

“We’d be on his boat”: Vera Contrucci Pinto Dias, interview by author, October 16, 2007.

“one of the most important figures in commerce and industry”: Editorial, Luta Democratica, August 26, 1969.

“I do not get tiredas I work with great pleasure”: Alfredo Monteverde to Rosy Fanto, October 8, 1950.

“Sometimes we had people who would come into the office”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

At the Millfield School: Charles Greville, “When it comes to Raising Funds, They Certainly Know All There is To Know About it At Millfield,” publication and date unknown.

“I spent a lot of time undoing Fred’s whims”: Ademar Trotte, interview by author, March 12, 2009.

“Geraldo had a difficult time”: Lourdes Mattos, September 13, 2006.

For despite his phenomenal success: letter from Alfredo Monteverde to Rosy Fanto, July 2, 1956.

“The women arrived at Fred’s house”: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006.

“Sylvia is wonderful”: Alfredo Monteverde to Rosy Fanto, October 8, 1950.

“We never understood Fred’s attraction to Sylvia”: Maria Luisa Goldschmid, interview by author, October 25, 2007.

“Fred drove right through reception”: Maria Luisa Goldschmid, ibid.

“Fred fell in love with an image”: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006.

“We’d be playing poker at his penthouse”: Al Abitbol, interview by author, September 20, 2006.

“He was a crazy genius”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“Every woman in Rio turned her head”: Alvaro Pães, interview by author, May 8, 2006.

“We set up the store as part of Fred’s larger company”: Ademar Trotte, interview by author, March 12, 2009.

“She had the best of everything in her store”: Vera Contrucci Pinto Dias, interview by author, October 16, 2007.

“They were never among the first team”: Danuza Leão, interview by author, March 11, 2009.

“He could move heaven and earth for the people he loved”: Victor Sztern, interview by author, August 22, 2006.

“Money was just paper to her”: Al Abitbol, interview by author, September, 20, 2006.

“Fernando didn’t even think of charging them”: Vera Contrucci Pinto Dias, interview by author, October 16, 2007.

“Regina always said that Fred”: Masha Monterosa, interview by author, November 7, 2006.

“We finally thought Fred had found the best woman”: Maria Luisa Goldschmid, interview by author, October 25, 2007.

Whenever brother and sister were together: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006.

“Rosydearas usual I am filling a whole letter”: Alfredo Monteverde to Rosy Fanto, July 2, 1956.

“I want to be able to walk a short distance”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 11, 2007.

“If I’m not stayingno one else is going to stay”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 11, 2007.

“Tell me”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

“Fred commented to my husband”: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September, 13, 2006.

Shortly before Fred died Regina told me”: Masha Monterosa, interview by author, November 7, 2006.

“It was a bit of creative accounting”: Ademar Trotte, interview by author, March 12, 2009.

“But it was the wrong thing to do”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 11, 2007.

THREE: “SHE BEHAVED BEAUTIFULLY”

Much of this chapter relies on information found in the police report on Alfredo Monteverde, August 25, 1969, Tenth District Precinct, Rio de Janeiro Police. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

Seu Artigas was at the house”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 11, 2007.

“He wasn’t in one of his depressions”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

“He told my husband”: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006.

Most of Alfredo’s executive team at Ponto Frio: Lourdes Mattos, ibid.

“I know that Lily did not accept the divorce”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

Although they were by no means destitute: Maria Consuelo Ayres, ibid.

Had he mixed his medications with the Mandrax: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 8, 2007.

“My father is dead. He’s angry”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, ibid.

Laurinda saw Lily stop to open the drawer: Laurinda Soares Navarro, ibid.

It was the elevator operator: Vera Chvidchenko, interview by author, January 28, 2008. Chvidchenko described the scene at the Ponto Frio offices after the staff found out about Alfredo’s death.

“I saw Fred stretched out on the bed”: Ademar Trotte, interview by author, March 12, 2009.

The Ponto Frio executives who assembled at the house: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006; Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

It would be several hours after they found the body: Police report dated August 25, 1969; Conrado Gruenbaum, interview by author, December 18, 2007.

It’s not clear why Conrado: Conrado Gruenbaum, interview by author, ibid.

Neverthelessthey spent hours analyzing: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 8, 2007; Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006. Information also comes from the police and autopsy reports. The description of Alfredo’s room is taken from the photographs accompanying the police reports, August 25, 1969.

But there were obvious gaps: Laurinda Soares Navarro, ibid; Maria Consuelo Ayres, ibid.

“He wasn’t there when we discovered the body”: Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 8, 2007.

There were other elements missing: Maria Consuelo Ayres, August 27, 2006; Laurinda Soares Navarro, ibid.

The police photographs show a dead body: Laurinda Soares Navarro, ibid.; Rosy Fanto, interview by author, August 10, 2006.

“He shot himself twice”: Al Abitbol, interview by author, September 20, 2006.

Samy Cohnanother wealthy: Samy Cohn, interview by author, December 5, 2006.

Do you want the body embalmed: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006. Rosy’s recollections of Alfredo in this chapter are mostly from this interview.

The Ponto Frio executives worked into the wee hours: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006; Sonia Mattos, interview by author, January 10, 2008; Laurinda Soares Navarro, interview by author, May 8, 2007; Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

“It’s just like Fred”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

“Geraldo said that Fred’s death was very strange”: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006.

his secretary Vera received a call: Vera Chvidchenko, interview by author, January 28, 2008.

The newspapers omitted most of the details”: Hélio Fernandes, interview by author, March 10, 2009.

Shortly after Alfredo diedthere were some rumors: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006; Sonia Mattos, interview by author, January 10, 2008; Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

Received the revolverfour bullets intact”: Police receipt, 10th District Precinct, Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro, August 26, 1969. There is some debate about who signed the police receipt for the return of the revolver and the bullet. It is impossible to tell from the scrawled signature on the receipt.

“It was the day after her husband’s funeral”: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006.

But like so many others who questioned: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006; Rosy Fanto, interview by author, August 10, 2006; Masha Monterosa, interview by author, November 7, 2006.

But as the investigating lawyers would find: Letter to Dr. Alfredo Lamy Filho from investigators, signature indecipherable. March 18, 1970.

“Although the initial police report”: Report by medical examiner Alexandrino Silva Ramos Filho, March 16, 1970.

FOUR: “EDMOND SAID HE WOULD FIX EVERYTHING”

“Every Jew had money outside the country”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“For yearsFred was Edmond Safra’s biggest account”: Maria Luisa Goldschmid, interview by author, October 25, 2007. Goldschmid and Maria Consuelo Ayres both said that Edmond Safra’s brothers were frequently at the Ponto Frio offices in Rio de Janeiro.

Their friend Albert Nasser: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“We all thought that when Fred died”: Ruth Almeida Prado, interview by author, April 30, 2006.

“My son died on August 251969”: Regina Rebecca Monteverde’s affidavit dated 1971, court documents, 1971 F. No. 2064, High Court of Justice, Chancery Division.

“but in the manner that a railway baron”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 2, 2007.

Lily was careful not to declare: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007; Willard Zucker to G. C. Sutton, 13 December 1971, re: Mrs. L. Monteverde.

“She wasn’t exactly an intellectual”: Rosy Fanto, interview by author, July 27, 2006.

In rare interviews: “The Mystery Man of Finance,” BusinessWeek, March 7, 1994. “Collector of Banks is Going Public,” New York Times, September 27, 1972.

“You need honesty and hard work”: In “Safra, um banqueiro de 4,2 bilhões de dolares de ativo,” Jornal do Brasil. Translated from the Portuguese by the author, May, 14, 1978.

“That is what my father taught me”: “The Mystery Man of Finance,” BusinessWeek, March 7, 1994.

he convinced his father’s chauffeur: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“Edmondyou are going to grow up”: Albert Nasser, ibid.

Years later, Madame Tarrab: Albert Nasser, ibid.

“Sephardic assimilation was slowed”: Daniel J. Elazar, The Other JewsThe Sephardim Today (Basic Books, 1992), p. 146.

If they ask you”: Bryan Burrough, VendettaAmerican Express and the Smearing of Edmond Safra (Harper Collins, 1993), p. 35.

“I’m in no hurry”: “The Mystery Man of Finance,” BusinessWeek, March 7, 1994.

The Safras moved to Rio de Janeiro: Edmond Safra, application for Brazilian citizenship (1954 to 1957), National Archives, Rio de Janeiro.

There were also so-called hold-mail accounts: Burrough, p. 43.

“He went there to buy a hat”: “The Mystery Man of Finance,” BusinessWeek, March 7, 1994.

Charles Knox initially established the hat company: Landmarks Preservation Commission, New York, September 23, 1980, Designation List 137, LP1091.

“He knew more about the history”: Eli Attia, interview by author, January 6, 2009.

Soat the bank’s grand opening: “Kennedy Cuts Ribbon at a New Bank on Fifth Avenue,” New York Times, January 25, 1966.

“If someone brings a friend”: “A TV spectacular sets off a ‘run’ on New York bank,” Wall Street Journal, April 12, 1973.

But attracting new depositors: Burrough, p. 50.

“I’m now competing with the big boys”: “Collector of Banks is Going Public,” New York Times, September 27, 1972.

“Who is that beautiful woman?”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“The relationship between the bank and the first-named defendant”: Rosy Fanto’s affidavit dated October 6, 1971, court papers, 1971 F. No 2064, High Court of Justice, Chancery Division. All subsequent information pertaining to the London legal case is quoted from the court transcripts.

Alfredo wasat various timesput on a combination: Dr. Giacomo Landau, affidavit dated June 6, 1971.

demanding the guardianship of Carlos Monteverde: All information from the legal battle over the adoption of Carlos Monteverde by Lily Monteverde is taken from Brazilian court transcripts, 1970–1973.

They finally found a lawyer: João Augusto Miranda Jordão to Rosy Fanto, July 16, 1973.

In the summer of 1970Lily rented a yacht: Court papers, 1971 F. No 2064, High Court of Justice, Chancery Division.

“They really knew how to enjoy themselves”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“The Safras put a lot of pressure on Edmond not to marry Lily:” ibid.

FIVE: TWO WEDDINGS

“Much to my surprise”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., dated March 19, 1972.

Mrs. Cohen had preferred to let us be alone”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

Much to my stupefaction”: ibid.

Lily’s latest gigolo”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“She was only using the guy”: Marcelo Steinfeld, ibid.

the “black money” as she called it: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

photos of “poor darling Freddy”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, February 5, 2008. These photographs of Alfredo were also mentioned by Maria Luisa Goldschmid, Alfredo’s former secretary, who visited Lily shortly after she arrived in London, and recalled seeing them in Lily’s living room.

When he died in 1907: Obituary of Judah Bendahan, London’s Jewish Chronicle, December 6, 1907.

Life with Lily seemed blissful in those early days: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, December 30, 1971.

refers to herself as Madame Claude: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, undated note.

“My adorable husband”: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, January 8, 1972.

to have children with her (“lots of them!”): Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, January 4, 1972.

“my lovemy darlingmy beloved”: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, January 8, 1972.

Stillthere were strains: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

“Mrs. Monteverde was of course incensed”: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

the man she called her “Red Indian”: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, undated note.

“beautiful Alain Delon’s [sic] hat”: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, undated note.

She had traveled with these!”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

“As a very last precaution I did insist”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

“very concerned about the disparity”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007. Bendahan also discussed the financial arrangements with Lily regarding the servants during this interview.

“held an idealistic view of marriage”: Samuel Bendahan, letter dated March 19, 1972.

“Dear mum and dad: Carlos Monteverde to Lily Bendahan and Samuel Bendahan, February 13 and February 27, 1972.

“How does it feel to be part of a mad family”: Samuel Bendahan, letter dated March 19, 1972.

“We arrived in Rio”: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

“She was so happy on that trip”: Elza Gruenbaum, interview by author, December 18, 2007.

Lily found an even grander stone villa: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972; property records, Vallauris, France, March 1972.

set out the terms of purchase: Willard Zucker, intent to purchase to Mme. Gilberte Duarte Ex. Esders, March 6, 1972.

He was furious at her extravagance: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 28, 2007.

the shares being held in equal parts: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

“And this continued well into my day”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

“We were excited to be together”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, December 9, 2007.

a dramatic decline”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

Wernerher London chauffeur: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

“endless telephone calls”: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

Lily began to receive a “fusillade” of calls: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

“He offered me his warmest congratulations”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 26, 2007.

“she was subjected to a barrage”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., September 24, 1973.

“On the airplane to London”: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

went around inspecting every lampshade: Samuel Bendahan, ibid.

“I now no longer had to press her to speak”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

she begged Bendahan to hide a painting: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 26, 2007.

“thief-director”: Lourdes Mattos, interview by author, September 13, 2006.

Bendahan heard a knock on the door: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972, and interview by author, October 26, 2007.

“I have tried to reach my wife”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

“This is in effect how our marriage broke up”: Samuel Bendahan, letter dated September 24, 1973.

“Edmond told me that he couldn’t sleep at night”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“He called Alouan and asked him”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“I can only think that my wife is either very sick”: Samuel Bendahan, letter to Mark Haymon, Esq., March 19, 1972.

In a chatty letter: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, January 5, 1972.

and suffered hallucinations: Lily Monteverde to Samuel Bendahan, two letters dated January 8, 1972 and one letter dated January 15, 1972.

Lily later met up with Eduardo: Samuel Bendahan, notes 1972, on photographs from his honeymoon.

“were persistent and categorical”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 26, 2007.

he was arrested by a plainclothes policeman: Samuel Bendahan, interviews by author, October 24 and October 26, 2007.

he accused her of transferring funds illegally: “Inglês é detido nos EUA sob acusação de extorquir brasileira,” O Globo, translated from the Portuguese by the author, January 31, 1975.

In the weeks of arduous divorce negotiations: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

“Imagine how popular”: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007.

Lily and Edmond didn’t formally extricate themselves: “British Case Wastes Time: Judge,” New York Post, July 21, 1976.

SIX: “THE BILLIONAIRES’ CLUB”

She simply adored Claudio: Samuel Bendahan, interview by author, October 7, 2007. Bendahan also provided information about Lily’s relationship with her other children.

“For years, every ambassador”: Ana Bentes Bloch, interview by author, March 11, 2009.

I told her that if she didn’t want anyone to gossip”: Guilherme Castello Branco, interview by author, December 4, 2007.

“An event like Rio has never seen”: Perla Sigaud, society column, O Globo, May 7, 1983. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

Years laterwhen they wanted to impress the Safras: Peter Truell, “A Fallen King in Search of a Lesser Throne,” New York Times, May 3, 1998.

“The wedding was truly spectacular”: Ricardo Stambowsky, interview by author, December 3, 2007.

“It was dawn”: Guilherme Castello Branco, interview by author, December 4, 2007.

“Life sometimes sends us difficult times”: Perla Sigaud, society column, O Globo, May 7, 1983. Translated by the author from the Portuguese.

“You don’t even know these people”: Burrough, p. 92. Many of the details about the Safra-American Express debacle are from Burrough’s book Vendetta.

“It was an economic decision”: Interview with a source close to the negotiations of the sale of Trade Development Bank to American Express, January 6, 2009.

“TDB ran like nothing we’d ever seen”: Burrough, p. 98.

“Safra’s a brilliant guy”: Nicholas D. Kristof, “Safra Quits as Chief of Bank Unit,” New York Times, October 23, 1984.

“Mr. Safraa private sometimes eccentric”: David B. Hilder and George Anders, “Safra to Quit as American Express Head of International Banking, Sources Say,” Wall Street Journal, October 22, 1984.

Edmond arranged for the restaurant to be decorated: Meredith Etherington-Smith, “Eyeview,” Women’s Wear Daily, November 28, 1984.

“I feel as free as a bird”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

“Nothing in this agreement shall impose”: Burrough, p. 138.

“a discreetefficient and rapid channel”Final Report for the District of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters, August 4, 1993, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

“Mrs. L. Monteverde’s”: letter by Willard Zucker, December 13, 1971.

“Safra…exhorted his aides”: Burrough, p. 185.

“Lily and Edmond Safra’s doubleheader”: Dennis Thim, “The Gilded Lily,” in “Eye,” Women’s Wear Daily, August 8, 1988.

“La Leopolda was surely never this grand”: ibid.

Security was tight: John Fairchild, Chic Savages (Simon & Schuster, 1989), p. 196.

“the grounds were guarded as heavily as the White House”: Dennis Thim, “The Gilded Lily,” in “Eye,” Women’s Wear Daily, August 8, 1988.

“With the opening of a place like this”: ibid.

“The Safra event itself”: Fairchild, p. 196.

“Edmond brought Alouan to Brazil”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, January 27, 2008.

“Alouan was very rough”: Guilherme Castello Branco, interview by author, December 4, 2007.

the paid obituaries took up nearly two broadsheet pages: Paid obituaries of Claudio and Raphael Cohen, O Globo, February 19, 1989.

“I want to know why you are here”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, January 2008. Adriana’s comments were also repeated by several people who attended the funeral of Claudio and his son who did not want to be identified.

“I was so comfortable with him”: Bruno Astuto, “A Nora de Lily,” RG Vogue, November 2007. Carlos’ comments about his step-brother Claudio Cohen and relationship with the Safras after he married Isis, from RG Vogue, November 2007.

“it was Lily who took Claudio’s death the hardest: Ruth de Almeida Prado, interview by author, April 30, 2006.

This timenobody bought the clunky PR move: “Behind the American Express Smear,” New York Post, August 9, 1989.

It’s unclear who at American Express knew about the smear campaign: Kurt Eichenwald, “Executive at American Express Quits,” New York Times, August 4, 1989.

SEVEN: “WHEN I GIVE LILY A DOLLAR, LILY SPENDS TWO DOLLARS”

“It was the anxiety”: Antonio Negreiros, interview by author, April 27, 2006.

Evelyne dictated her instructions: Evelyne Sigelmann Cohen, will, dated September 2, 1992, 23rd Notary Office, Rio de Janeiro. Translated from the Portuguese by the author.

“Evelyne died on a Friday”: Antonio Negreiros, interview by author, April 27, 2006.

“I try to remain unknown as much as possible”: Edmond Safra in “Safra, um banqueiro de 4,2 bilhões de dolares de ativo,” Jornal do Brasil, translated from the Portuguese by the author, May, 14, 1978.

the beauty of the night”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, April 29, 1992.

She wore “pinky red chiffon by Valentino”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, July 15, 1992.

“Joseph Safra had just thrown a huge party”: Interview with a source close to the Safra family, January 12, 2009.

were fond of “elaborate decorations”: Fairchild, pp. 91–92.

As Edmond himself noted in an exchange: Fairchild, p. 92.

“It is the capital of the world”: Fairchild, ibid.

“Banker Edmond Safra and his wifeLilyserved so much caviar”: Fairchild, p. 91.

“DarlingI bought you an airplane today”: Ana Bentes Bloch, interview by author, March 11, 2009. Her late husband, Adolfo Bloch, overheard the Safras’ conversation at a luncheon with Lily and Edmond.

the old money families: Fairchild, p. 90.

“The number of bodyguards”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, August 12, 1991.

Nasser spent seventy-five days: The kidnapping of Ezequiel Edmond Nasser in São Paulo in 1994 is well documented in press reports in Brazil and the United States, including “The Safras of Brazil: Banking, Faith and Security,” Simon Romero, New York Times, December 8, 1999.

“so glorious and impeccable”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, September 13, 1996.

“There is no security system”: Samuel Cohen, transcript from Ted Maher’s trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

Cohen trained with the Mossad: Dominick Dunne, “Verdict in Monaco,” Vanity Fair, February 2003.

“As was the case with a number of Attia’s projects”Eli Attia Architects v. Safra, No. 94 CIV. 2928 (SDNY 1996).

“He [Edmond] told me that the bill was the responsibility”: Eli Attia in “Case vs banker is building,” New York Post, December 5, 1995.

But in court papersEli Attia Architects v. Safra, No. 94 CIV. 2928 (SDNY 1996).

“We were having dinner with Lily and Edmond”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

The…party was a celebration”W, September 1996.

“Lily was distraught after the accident”: Interview with a source close to the Safras, January 2009.

Edmond “called his brothers several times a day”: Sem Almaleh testimony, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 27, 2002.

that Edmond wouldn’t speak to his brothers”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, December 3, 2006.

He was a brother”: Joseph Safra, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 27, 2002.

Lily cut him off after thirty years”: Albert Nasser, interview by author, January 27, 2008.

The Safras moved with their entourage of aides: Information about Edmond’s doctors and the experience in Toronto with Dr. Bruce Sutton is from interviews with unnamed sources who were close to the couple, January 2009.

Edmond was taking a potent cocktail of antidepressants: Nursing schedule from Monaco, obtained by the author.

the deal would “mark the end of independence”: Alan Cowell, “HSBC to Pay $10.3 billion for Republic,” New York Times, May 11, 1999.

I am taking this action”: Jesse Angelo, “Safra’s Act of Pride—Coughs Up $450 m to protect holders,” New York Post, November 9, 1999.

EIGHT: “NOT OUR FAULT”

He was also a highly respected and dedicated nurse: From testimony of George Morelli, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002.

In additionTed would have to sign: Confidentiality agreement, August 16, 1999, signed by Anthony Brittan.

Behind her back: Ted Maher, interview by author, March 5, 2008.

“Ted was strange in some ways”: Sonia Casiano Herkrath, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002.

“I considered it the best job”: Ted Maher, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002.

“In the dayhe [Edmond] moved fairly well: Lily Safra, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 29, 2002.

According to the nightly schedule: Ted Maher, interview by author, March 5, 2008.

In addition to massaging his feet: From the nursing schedule for Edmond Safra in Monaco, December 1999, obtained by the author.

“Ironicallyhe was doing so much better”: Sonia Casiano Herkrath, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002.

“We kissed each other”: Lily Safra testimony at Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 29, 2002.

“This evening”: Lily Safra testimony at Maher trial, ibid.

Laterwhen a different group of firefighters: Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 26, 2002.

the concern of law enforcement officials became the safety: From testimony of various police officers at the Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco: Jean-Luc Belny (November 25, 2002), Bruno Bouery (November 25, 2002), and Jean-Marc Silvi (November 25, 2002).

Another police officer noted: Testimony of Olivier Jude, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

On the surface, everything appeared to be stacked up: Henri Veillard, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 27, 2002.

“The duration of the intervention of the emergency services”: Testimony of Henri Veillard, November 27, 2002.

Strangelynone of the Safra bodyguards: Samuel Cohen, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

Cohen complained about interference: Samuel Cohen testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

“Chérie, there are aggressors”: Lily Safra testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 29, 2002.

“Have you closed yourself in”: Lily Safra testimony, ibid.

“I don’t know how I got out but I did it”: Lily Safra, Maher trial transcript, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 29, 2002.

“He was in quite a panicky state”: Jean-Marc Farca testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 22, 2002.

“Soniait’s so dark in here”: Sonia Casiano Herkrath testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 21, 2002.

“I said I was willing to die for my boss”: Raul Manjate testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

“Cohen seems to have been too aggressive”: Jean-Luc Belny testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

“The firemen arrived”: Samuel Cohen testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

“My mother woke me up shortly before six a.m.”: Adriana Elia testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 27, 2002.

“He was incapable of killing a fly”: Lily Safra testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 29, 2002.

“I went up the stairs to where my husband’s office was”: Lily Safra testimony, ibid.

“He was covered in soot”: Lily Safra testimony, ibid.

“Upon hearing of the frightening news”: Heidi Maher, affidavit, Supreme Court of the State of New York, Dutchess County, April 13, 2001.

“There was never pressure on Mr. Maher”: Olivier Jude testimony, Maher trial, Le Tribunal Criminel de la Principauté de Monaco, November 25, 2002.

Jude said that Ted showed him a photograph: Olivier Jude testimony, ibid.

Lily organized Edmond’s funeral in Geneva: Interviews with Edmond Safra’s former employees, who did not want to be named. Dominick Dunne, “Death in Monaco,” Vanity Fair, December 2000.

“She [Lily] didn’t want anyone from the family”: Interview with a Safra family member who spoke on condition of anonymity, March 9, 2009.

“You have brought together people”: Jon Henley, “Feud that Led to Billionaire’s Death,” The Guardian, December 7, 1999.

NINE: “YEARS OF SORROW AND DAYS OF DESPAIR”

an informal welcome back to New York: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, April 20, 2001.

“You have to imagine the scene”: Michael Griffith, interview by author, March 19, 2009.

“It was like taking candy”: Jay Salpeter, interview by author, March 2, 2009.

“Summons Served Between Courses”: Neal Travis, “New York,” New York Post, April 20, 2001.

“I suffered shocking and humiliating treatment”: Heidi Maher, affidavit, Supreme Court of the State of New York, Dutchess County, April 13, 2001.

“The rights of these American”: Letter from Michael Griffith to Martha Melzow, Consulate of the United States of America in Marseille, France, March 17, 2001.

“When [in] Ted’s final speech he apologized”: Dominick Dunne, “Verdict in Monaco,” Vanity Fair, February 2003.

“a court performance worthy of Laurence Olivier”: Dunne, ibid.

The Torrente childrenTorrente v. Estate of Edmond Safra, Supreme Court of the State of New York, December 2, 2002.

“The reason they died”: Michael Baden, interview with author, March 20, 2009.

“I’ve escaped”: Michael Griffith, interview by author, March 19, 2009.

“one of the most staggeringly beautiful houses”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, March 8, 2002.

A month later, Lily was spotted in the “chicest of black dresses”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, May 2, 2001.

“in dangerous deshabillé: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, October 29, 2002.

“17th century heavy gold”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, December 18, 2002.

another lavish party hosted by Joan Rivers: Aileen Mehle, ibid.

“she is a happy woman”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, February 3, 2003.

“We agreed that a lush garden”: Preston Bailey, “Thousands of Rose Petals and a Whole Lot of Trellis Make a High-Rise Room a Garden for a Night,” Elle Décor, October 2003.

“When the elevator opened”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, June 11, 2003.

“I waited in the foyer”: Bailey, “Thousands of Rose Petals,” Elle Décor, October 2003.

After dinner, the guests “lounged”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, June 11, 2003.

“that draws every celebrity”: Aileen Mehle, Suzy, Women’s Wear Daily, July 18, 2003.

“I believe that Mrs. Safra read part of the book”: Mark Bolland, Witness Statement of Mark Bolland, in the High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, December 12, 2005.

“If Georgie takes it further”: Gary Pulsifer in “Dominick Dunne’s Diary: Did Someone Say Safra?” Dominick Dunne, Vanity Fair, September 2005.

“Lily tried to misuse the laws”: Lady Colin Campbell, interview by author, August 29, 2008.

“She objected to the fact that Bianca’s”: Lady Colin Campbell, ibid.

“To say the trial”New York Post, August 18, 2007.

“He was threatened”: Michael Griffith, interview by author, May 17, 2007.

“Accusing the victim of having murdered someone”: Donald Manasse, interview by author, October 19, 2009.

“Why should I stick a knife”: Ted Maher, interview by author, March 5, 2008.

“America has turned out to be another prison”: Ted Maher, ibid.

EPILOGUE: “WE KNOW EVERYTHING AND WE KNOW NOTHING”

Artigas had an appetite for money: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006; Vera Chvidchenko, interview by author, January 28, 2008; and Ademar Trotte, interview by author, March 12, 2009.

“Artigas practically lived”: Vera Chvidchenko, ibid., and Ademar Trotte, ibid.

“I thought his [Alfredo’s] death was my fault”: Carlos Monteverde in Bruno Astuto, “A Nora de Lily,” RG Vogue, November 2007.

“But my family is meCarlos”: Astuto, ibid.

“Sometimes I call to find out about the business”RG Vogue, ibid.

“Maybe if you find them”: Maria Consuelo Ayres, interview by author, August 27, 2006.

“I never believed that Fred”: Vera Chvidchenko, interview by author, January 29, 2008.

even Geraldo Mattos didn’t have the stomach: Sonia Mattos, interview by author, January 10, 2008.

“My father was in charge of Ponto Frio”: Sonia Mattos, ibid.

“too much tragedy”: Marcelo Steinfeld, interview by author, October 17, 2007.

“It was a really stupid death”: Interview with a Safra family member, March 9, 2009.

“Even I am [now] surprised”: Samuel Bendahan, e-mail message to author, February 9, 2009.

She said she would distribute the $55 million: “Mrs. Lily Safra to make charitable donations on three continents,” press release, March 6, 2009.